Nuestros investigadores

Leire Arbea Moreno

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: Cano, David; et al.
Revista: PLOS ONE
ISSN 1932-6203  Vol. 14  Nº 5  2019  págs. e0215970
Background Perioperative chemotherapy (CT) or neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in patients with locally advanced gastric (GC) or gastroesophageal junction cancer (GEJC) has been shown to improve survival compared to an exclusive surgical approach. However, most patients retain a poor prognosis due to important relapse rates. Population pharmacokinetic-pharma-codynamic (PK/PD) modeling may allow identifying at risk-patients. We aimed to develop a mechanistic PK/PD model to characterize the relationship between the type of neoadjuvant therapy, histopathologic response and survival times in locally advanced GC and GEJC patients. Methods Patients with locally advanced GC and GEJC treated with neoadjuvant CT with or without preoperative CRT were analyzed. Clinical response was assessed by CT-scan and EUS. Pathologic response was defined as a reduction on pTNM stage compared to baseline cTNM. Metastasis development risk and overall survival (OS) were described using the population approach with NONMEM 7.3. Model evaluation was performed through predictive checks. Results A low correlation was observed between clinical and pathologic TNM stage for both T (R = 0.32) and N (R = 0.19) categories. A low correlation between clinical and pathologic response was noticed (R = -0.29). The OS model adequately described the observed survival rates. Disease recurrence, cTNM stage >= 3 and linitis plastica absence, were correlated to a higher risk of death. Conclusion Our model adequately described clinical response profiles, though pathologic response could not be predicted. Although the risk of disease recurrence and survival were linked, the identification of alternative approaches aimed to tailor therapeutic strategies to the individual patient risk warrants further research.
Autores: San-Julian M; Cambeiro, Felix Mauricio; et al.
Revista: RADIOTHERAPY AND ONCOLOGY
ISSN 0167-8140  Vol. 135  2019  págs. 91 - 99
Background: To analyze toxicity, patterns of failure, and survival in 106 adult patients with soft tissue sarcomas of the extremity and the superficial trunk treated in a prospective controlled trial of combined Perioperative High Dose Rate Brachytherapy (PHDRB) and external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). Methods: Patients were treated with surgical resection and 16 Gy or 24 Gy of PHDRB for negative or close/positive margins, respectively. EBRT (45 Gy) was added postoperatively. Adjuvant chemotherapy was given to selected patients with high-grade tumors. Results: The median follow-up was 7.1 years (range, 0.6-16.0). Grade >= 3 adverse events were observed in 22 patients (20.8%), and grade >= 4 events in 14 patients (13.2%). No grade 5 events were noted. Multivariate analysis (p = 0.003) found that Grade >= 3 toxic events increased with increasing implant volume (TV100). Local control, locoregional control, and distant control rates at 5 and 10 years were 89% and 87%, 82% and 80% and 75% and 69%, respectively. Multivariate analysis (p = 0.024) found that positive margins correlated with decreased local control. Disease-free survival and overall survival rates at 5 and 10 years were 64% and 59% and 73% and 62%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, disease-free survival rates decreased with increasing tumor size (p = 0.0001) and inadequate margins (p = 0.024), and overall survival decreased with increasing tumor size (p = 0.001) and male gender (p = 0.039). Conclusions: The combination of conservative surgery, high-dose PHDRB, and EBRT produces adequate function and local control in the majority of patients with soft tissue sarcomas of the extremities and the superficial trunk, including a substantial percentage of cases with positive margins. Patients with larger tumors are at a higher risk of complications, treatment failure, and cancer-related death and require an individualized treatment approach. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Autores: Diez Valle, Ricardo; Gállego, Jaime; et al.
Revista: PLOS ONE
ISSN 1932-6203  Vol. 14  Nº 6  2019  págs. e0217881
Background Hypofractionated radiation therapy is a feasible and safe treatment option in elderly and frail patients with glioblastoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of hypofractionated radiation therapy with concurrent temozolomide in terms of feasibility and disease control in primary glioblastoma patients with poor prognostic factors other than advanced age, such as post-surgical neurological complications, high tumor burden, unresectable or multifocal lesions, and potential low treatment compliance due to social factors or rapidly progressive disease. Material and methods GTV included the surgical cavity plus disease visible in T1WI-MRI, FLAIR-MRI and in the MET-uptake. The CTV was defined as the GTV plus 1.5-2 cm margin; the PTV was the CTV+0.3 cm margin. Forty, fourty-five, and fifty grays in 15 fractions were prescribed to 95% of PTV, CTV, and GTV, respectively. Treatment was delivered using IMRT or the VMAT technique. Simultaneously, 75 mg/m(2)/day of temozolomide were administered. Results Between January 2010 and November 2017, we treated a total of 17 patients. The median age at diagnosis was 68-years; median KPS was 50-70%. MGMT-methylation status was negative in 5 patients, and 8 patients were IDH-wildtype. Eight of 18 patients were younger than 65-years. Median tumor volume was 26.95cc; median PTV volume was 322cc. Four lesions were unresectable; 6 patients underwent complete surgical resection. Median residual volume was 1.14cc. Progression-free survival was 60% at 6 months, 33% at 1-year and 13% at 2-years (median OS = 7 months). No acute grade 3-5 toxicities were documented. Symptomatic grade 3 radiation necrosis was observed in one patient. Conclusions Patients with poor clinical factors other than advanced age can be selected for hypofractionated radiotherapy. The OS and PFS rates obtained in our series are similar to those in patients treated with standard fractionation, assuring good treatment adherence, low rates of toxicity and probable improved cost-effectiveness.
Autores: Oyaga-Iriarte, E. ; Yu, K. H.; et al.
Revista: CANCERS
ISSN 2072-6694  Vol. 11  Nº 5  2019  págs. 606
Background: Although surgical resection is the only potentially curative treatment for pancreatic cancer (PC), long-term outcomes of this treatment remain poor. The aim of this study is to describe the feasibility of a neoadjuvant treatment with induction polychemotherapy (IPCT) followed by chemoradiation (CRT) in resectable PC, and to develop a machine-learning algorithm to predict risk of relapse. Methods: Forty patients with resectable PC treated in our institution with IPCT (based on mFOLFOXIRI, GEMOX or GEMOXEL) followed by CRT (50 Gy and concurrent Capecitabine) were retrospectively analyzed. Additionally, clinical, pathological and analytical data were collected in order to perform a 2-year relapse-risk predictive population model using machine-learning techniques. Results: A RO resection was achieved in 90% of the patients. After a median follow-up of 33.5 months, median progression-free survival (PFS) was 18 months and median overall survival (OS) was 39 months. The 3 and 5-year actuarial PFS were 43.8% and 32.3%, respectively. The 3 and 5-year actuarial OS were 51.5% and 34.8%, respectively. Forty-percent of grade 3-4 IPCT toxicity, and 29.7% of grade 3 CRT toxicity were reported. Considering the use of granulocyte colony-stimulating factors, the number of resected lymph nodes, the presence of perineural invasion and the surgical margin status, a logistic regression algorithm predicted the individual 2-year relapse-risk with an accuracy of 0.71 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.56-0.84, p = 0.005). The model-predicted outcome matched 64% of the observed outcomes in an external dataset. Conclusion: An intensified multimodal neoadjuvant approach (IPCT + CRT) in resectable PC is feasible, with an encouraging long-term outcome. Machine-learning algorithms might be a useful tool to predict individual risk of relapse. A small sample size and therapy heterogeneity remain as potential limitations.
Autores: Chopitea, Ana; Pardo, Fernando; et al.
Revista: CLINICAL AND TRANSLATIONAL ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1699-048X  Vol. 20  Nº 5  2018  págs. 658 - 665
Synchronous liver metastases (LM) from gastric (GC) or esophagogastric junction (EGJ) adenocarcinoma are a rare events. Several trials have evaluated the role of liver surgery in this setting, but the impact of preoperative therapy remains undetermined. Patients with synchronous LM from GC/EGJ adenocarcinoma who achieved disease control after induction chemotherapy (ICT) and were subsequently scheduled to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) to the primary tumor and surgery assessment were retrospectively analyzed. Pathological response, patterns of relapse, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were calculated. From July 2002 to September 2012, 16 patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria were identified. Primary tumor site was GC (nine patients) or EGJ (seven patients). LM were considered technically unresectable in nine patients. Radiological response to the whole neoadjuvant program was achieved in 13 patients. Eight patients underwent surgical resection of the primary tumor; in five of these LM were resected. A complete pathological response in the primary or in the LM was found in four and three patients, respectively. The most frequent site of relapse/progression was systemic (eight patients). Local and liver-only relapses were observed in two patients each. After a median follow-up of 91 months, the median OS and PFS were 23.0 (95% CI 13.2-32.8) and 17.0 months (95% CI 11.7-22.3). 5-year actuarial PFS is 17.6%. Our results suggest that an intensified approach using ICT followed by CRT in synchronous LM from GC/EGJ adenocarcinoma is feasible and may translate into prolonged survival times in selected patients.
Autores: Arbea, Leire; et al.
Revista: NEURO-ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1522-8517  Vol. 20  Nº Supl. 3  2018  págs. 251 - 252
Autores: Garcia-Consuegra, A.; et al.
Revista: NEURO-ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1522-8517  Vol. 20  Nº Supl. 3  2018  págs. 253 - 253
Autores: Cambeiro, Felix Mauricio; Díez Caballero, Fernando José; et al.
Revista: RADIOTHERAPY AND ONCOLOGY
ISSN 0167-8140  Vol. 127  Nº Supl. 1  2018  págs. S129 - S129
Autores: Jurado, M.; Idoate, Miguel Ángel; et al.
Revista: JOURNAL OF MEDICAL CASE REPORTS
ISSN 1752-1947  Vol. 11  Nº 1  2017  págs. 115
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy is considered the most appropriate treatment for metastatic uterine sarcoma, despite its limited efficacy. No other treatment has been conclusively proved to be a real alternative, but some reports suggest that anti-hormonal therapy could be active in a small subset of patients. We report the case of a patient with metastatic uterine carcinosarcoma with positive hormonal receptors and a complete pathological response. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old white woman presented to our emergency room with hypovolemic shock and serious vaginal bleeding. After stabilization, she was diagnosed as having a locally advanced uterine carcinosarcoma with lymph nodes and bone metastatic disease. In order to control the bleeding, palliative radiotherapy was administered. Based on the fact that positive hormone receptors were found in the biopsy, non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor therapy with letrozole was started. In the following weeks, her general status improved and restaging imaging tests demonstrated a partial response of the primary tumor. Ten months after initiating aromatase inhibitor therapy, she underwent a radical hysterectomy and the pathological report showed a complete response. After completing 5 years of treatment, aromatase inhibitor therapy was stopped. She currently continues free of disease, without further therapy, and maintains a normal and active life. CONCLUSIONS: This case shows that patients with uterine carcinosarcoma and positive hormone receptors may benefit from aromatase inhibitor therapy. A multidisciplinary strategy that includes local therapies such as radiation and/or surgery should be considered the mainstay of treatment. Systemic therapies such as hormone inhibitors should be taken into consideration and deserve further clinical research in the era of precision medicine.
Autores: Sola, Jesús Javier; Diaz-Gonzalez, JA; et al.
Revista: BRITISH JOURNAL OF CANCER
ISSN 0007-0920  Vol. 115  Nº 6  2016  págs. 655-663
Preoperative chemoradiation increases the likelihood of achieving favourable histopathological features that correlate with a 5-year OS>70% in GC patients.
Autores: Rodríguez, María Cristina; Alegre, Manuel; Díez, María de las Nieves; et al.
Revista: BMC MEDICAL EDUCATION
ISSN 1472-6920  Vol. 16  Nº 1  2016  págs. 47
The formal quality of the MIR exam items has improved over the last five years with regard to testwiseness. A more detailed revision of the items submitted, checking systematically for the presence of technical flaws, could improve the validity and discriminatory power of the exam, without increasing its difficulty.
Autores: Álvarez-Cienfuegos, Francisco Javier; Baixauli, J; Rotellar, Fernando; et al.
Revista: CLINICAL AND TRANSLATIONAL ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1699-048X  Vol. 18  Nº 7  2016  págs. 714-721
Our results suggest that cellular mucin pools are an indicator of an aggressive phenotype and harbingers of a worse prognosis.
Autores: Cambeiro, Felix Mauricio; Martínez, Fernando; Rodríguez-Spiteri, Natalia; et al.
Revista: BRACHYTHERAPY
ISSN 1538-4721  Vol. 15  Nº 4  2016  págs. 485 - 494
Purpose: To assess the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of free-hand intraoperative multicatheter breast implant (FHIOMBI) and perioperative high-dose-rate brachytherapy (PHDRBT) in early breast cancer. Methods and Materials: Patients with early breast cancer candidates for breast conservative surgery (BCS) were prospectively enrolled. Patients suitable for accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) (low or intermediate risk according GEC-ESTRO criteria) received PHDRBT (3.4 Gy BID × 10 in 5 days). Patients not suitable for APBI (high risk patients according GEC-ESTRO criteria) received PHDRBT boost (3.4 Gy BID × 4 in 2 days) followed by whole breast irradiation. Results: From June 2007 to November 2014, 119 patients were treated and 122 FHIOMBI procedures were performed. Median duration of FHIOMBI was 25 minutes. A median of eight catheters (range, 4-14) were used. No severe intraoperative complications were observed. Severe early postoperative complications (bleeding) were documented in 2 patients (1.6%), wound healing complications in 3 (2.4%), and infection (mastitis or abscess) in 2 (1.6%). PHDRBT was delivered as APBI in 88 cases (72.1%) and as a boost in 34 (27.8%). The median clinical target volume T was 40.8 cc (range, 12.3-160.5); median D90 was 3.32 Gy (range, 3.11-3.85); median dose homogeneity index was 0.72 (range, 0.48-0.82). With a median followup of 38.4 months (range, 8.7-98.7) no local, elsewhere, or regional relapses were observed; there was only one distant failure in PHDRBT boost. No major (acute or late) RTOG grade 3 or higher were documented in any of the 119 patients treated with PHDRBT. Cosmetic outcome in APBI patients was excellent or good in (87.0%) and fair or poor in (11.9%) while in boost patients was excellent or good in (76.4%) and fair in (23.5%). Conclusion: The FHIOMBI-PHDRBT program does not add complications to conservative surgery. It allows precise selection of APBI patients and offers excellent results in disease control and cosmetics. It also offers logistic advantages because it dramatically shortens the time of local treatment and avoids further invasive procedures.
Autores: Baixauli, J; Rodríguez, Javier; et al.
Revista: CLINICAL AND TRANSLATIONAL ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1699-048X  Vol. 18  Nº 9  2016  págs. 909-914
Combined treatment for LARC obtains a 5-year OS rounding 90 %. Follow-up based on thoracic-abdominal CT scan allows an early diagnosis of metastatic lesions. Surgical resection of metastases, regardless of their location, greatly increases the patient's survival rate.
Autores: Cambeiro, Felix Mauricio; Moreno, Marta; et al.
Revista: BRACHYTHERAPY
ISSN 1873-1449  Vol. 15  Nº 2  2016  págs. 127 - 135
Purpose: To compare rectal toxicity, urinary toxicity, and nadir+2 PSA relapse-free survival (bRFS) in two consecutive Phase II protocols of high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy used at the authors institution from 2001 to 2012. Methods and Materials: Patients with National Comprehensive Cancer Network high risk and very high risk prostate cancer enrolled in studies HDR4 (2001-2007, n = 183) and HDR2 (2007-2012, n = 56) were analyzed. Patients received minipelvis external beam radiation therapy/intensity-modulated external radiotherapy to 54 Gy and 2 years of androgen blockade along with HDR brachytherapy. HDR4 protocol consisted of four 4.75 Gy fractions delivered in 48 hours; the HDR2 protocol delivered two 9.5 Gy fractions in 24 hours. Average 2-Gy equivalent dose (¿/ß = 1.2) prostate D90 doses for the HDR4 and HDR2 groups were 89.8 Gy and 110.5 Gy, respectively (p = 0.0001). Both groups were well balanced regarding risk factors. Prior transurethral resection of the prostate was more frequent in the HDR2 group (p = 0.001). Results: After a median followup of 7.4 years (range, 2-11.2), there was no difference in adverse grade ¿ 2 rectal events (HDR4 = 10.4% vs. HDR2 = 12.5%; p = ns) or grade ¿3 (HDR4 = 2.2% vs. HDR2 = 3.6%; p = ns). No differences in urinary grade ¿2 adverse events (HDR4 = 23% vs. HDR2 = 26.8%; p = ns) or grade ¿3 (HDR4 = 7.7% vs. HDR2 = 8.9%; p = ns) were detected. The 7-year bRFS for HDR4 and HDR2 protocols was 88.7% and 87.8%, respectively (p = ns). Conclusions: HDR4 and HDR2 protocols produce similar results in terms of toxicity and bRFS at the intermediate time point of 7 years.
Autores: Álvarez-Cienfuegos, Francisco Javier; Baixauli, J; et al.
Revista: REVISTA ESPAÑOLA DE ENFERMEDADES DIGESTIVAS
ISSN 1130-0108  Vol. 107  Nº 6  2015  págs. 340-346
With a mean follow-up of 70.06 months, local recurrence was 4.8% and distant recurrence 25.5%. No differences were found in the histopathologic prognostic factors across the three groups studied depending on distance (cm) from the anal margin. Involvement of the circumferential resection margin (CRM+) was significantly greater in tumors in the distal third of the rectum (8.5%; p = 0.04). 67 patients (13.4%) showed a complete pathologic response. DSF at 5 and 10 years was significantly lower in patients with tumors affecting the distal third as compared to the middle third of the rectum (61.9% vs. 57.7%; p = 0.04). Tumors at this distal location resulted in a significantly higher incidence of lung metastases (p = 0.016).
Autores: Martínez-Monge, Rafael; Santisteban, Marta; et al.
Revista: BRACHYTHERAPY
ISSN 1538-4721  Vol. 14  Nº 4  2015  págs. 565 - 570
To determine whether the time to loading (TTL) affects locoregional control. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Locoregional control status was determined in 301 patients enrolled in several perioperative high-dose-rate brachytherapy (PHDRB) prospective studies conducted at the University of Navarre. The impact of the time elapsed from catheter implantation to the first PHDRB treatment (TTL) was analyzed. Patients treated with PHDRB alone (n = 113), mainly because of prior irradiation, received 32 Gy in eight twice-a-day treatments or 40 Gy in 10 twice-a-day treatments for negative or close/positive margins, respectively. Patients treated with PHDRB + external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) (n = 188) received 16 Gy in four twice-a-day treatments or 24 Gy in six twice-a-day treatments for negative or close/positive margins followed by 45 Gy of EBRT in 25 treatments. RESULTS: After a median followup of 6.5 years (range, 2-13.6+), 113 patients have failed (37.5%), 65 in the PHDRB-alone group (57.5%) and 48 in the combined PHDRB + EBRT group (25.5%). Patients who started PHDRB before Postoperative Day 5 had a 10-year locoregional control rate of 66.7% and patients who started PHDRB on Postoperative Day 5 or longer had a 10-year locoregional control rate of 51.8% (p = 0.009). Subgroup analysis detected that this difference was only observed in the recurrent cases treated with PHDRB alone (Subset 2; n = 99; p = 0.004). No correlation could be detected between locoregional control rate and TTL in the other patient subsets although a trend toward a decreased locoregional control rate after a longer TTL was observed when they were grouped together (p = 0.089). CONCLUSIONS: Patients should start PHDRB as soon as possible to maximize locoregional control especially in those recurrent cases treated with PHDRB alone. The time effect in other disease scenarios is less clear.
Autores: Álvarez-Cienfuegos, Francisco Javier; Rotellar, Fernando; Baixauli, J; et al.
Revista: ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1068-9265  Vol. 22  Nº 3  2015  págs. 916-923
The presence of PLVI is a more powerful prognostic factor than TRG in LARC patients treated with neoadjuvant CRT followed by surgery. PLVI denotes an aggressive phenotype, suggesting that these patients may benefit from adjuvant systemic therapy.
Autores: Gil, Ignacio; et al.
Revista: RADIATION ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1748-717X  Vol. 10  Nº 1  2015  págs. Article number 25
Background: Stereotactic ablative body radiation (SABR) is a novel and sophisticated radiation modality that involves the irradiation of extracranial tumors through precise and very high doses in patients with oligometastatic lung disease and primary lung tumors. Case presentation: A 52-year-old female with subclinical idiopathic interstitial lung disease (ILD) and oligometastatic lung disease from squamous urethral cancer who was treated with SABR for a metastatic lesion located in the right lower pulmonary lobe. The patient received a hypo-fractionated course of SABR. A 3D-conformal multifield technique was used with six coplanar and one non-coplanar statics beams. A 48Gy total dose in three fractions over six days was prescribed to the 95% of the PTV. The presence of idiopathic ILD and other identifiable underlying lung conditions were not taken into account as a constraint to prescribe a different than standard total dose or fractionation schedule. Six months after the SABR treatment, a CT-scan showed the presence of a pneumomediastinum with air outside the bronchial tree and within the subcutaneous tissue without co-existing pneumothorax. To our knowledge, this is the first case of pneumomediastinum appearing 6months after SABR treatment for a lung metastasis located in the perihiliar/central tumors region as defined by the RTOG protocols as the proximal bronchial tree. Conclusion: Radiation oncologist should be aware of the potential risk of severe lung toxicity caused by SABR in patients with ILD, especially when chemotherapy-induced pulmonary toxicity is administered in a short time interval.
Autores: Arbea, Leire, (Autor de correspondencia); Aristu, José Javier;
Revista: CURRENT COLORECTAL CANCER REPORTS
ISSN 1556-3804  Vol. 11  Nº 6  2015  págs. 345 - 351
Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) as neoadjuvant treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) patients has been explored by some authors since 2006. Dosimetrical analyses and clinical outcomes have been published in recent years. Although there are encouraging dosimetrical results, there are no solid clinical data supporting the routine use of IMRT for preoperative treatment of LARC patients. In this article, we analyze the published dosimetrical and clinical data and current evidence for the use of IMRT in LARC patients. We hypothesize the role of IMRT to treat rectal cancer patients in the current technological age. The small bowel dose reduction that could lead to a reduction in GI toxicity and encourage higher rates of compliance, the potential dose escalation to the target volume, and the integration with higher doses of chemotherapy and its potential implications to optimize clinical outcomes in terms of toxicity and efficacy are discussed.
Autores: Cambeiro, Felix Mauricio, (Autor de correspondencia); Aristu, José Javier; Moreno, Marta; et al.
Revista: BRACHYTHERAPY
ISSN 1873-1449  Vol. 14  Nº 1  2015  págs. 62 - 70
Purpose: To assess the toxicity and efficacy of salvage wide resection (SWR) with intraoperative electron beam radiation therapy (IOERT) or perioperative high-dose-rate brachytherapy (PHDRB) in previously unirradiated patients (PUP) vs. previously irradiated patients (PIP) with isolated local recurrence of soft tissue sarcomas (STS) of the extremities and the superficial trunk. Methods and Materials: PUP received SWR and IOERT/PHDRB with external beam radiation therapy. PIP received SWR and IOERT/PHDRB only. Results: Fifty patients were analyzed retrospectively. PUP (. n= 24; 48%) received IOERT (. n= 13) or PHDRB (. n= 11). PIP (. n= 26; 52%) received IOERT (. n= 10) or PHDRB (. n= 16). Reintervention because of complications was not required in PUP. Nine of 26 (34%) PIP required reintervention (. p= 0.01). After a median followup of 3.7years (range, 0.2-18.3), the 5-year rates of locoregional control, distant control, and overall survival were 54%, 66%, and 56%, respectively. Five-year locoregional control was higher in PUP than in PIP (81% vs. 26%, p= 0.01) and in the extremity locations compared with trunk locations (68% vs. 28%, p= 0.001). Five-year overall survival was superior in unifocal vs. multifocal presentations (70% vs. 36%, p= 0.03) and for tumor sizes <4 vs. ¿4cm (74% vs. 50%, p= 0.05). Conclusions: Prior irradiation is the main determinant of locoregional control in patients with isolated local recurrence of STS. The locoregional control rates in PUP were similar to those described in primary STS. In PIP, SWR+IOERT/PHDRB reirradiation yielded modest locoregional control rates and was associated with significant morbidity, especially in PHDRB cases.
Autores: Rodríguez, María Cristina; Díez, María de las Nieves; Alegre, Manuel; et al.
Revista: ATENCION PRIMARIA
ISSN 0212-6567  Vol. 48  Nº 3  2015  págs. 210 - 212
Autores: Álvarez-Cienfuegos, Francisco Javier; Rotellar, Fernando; Baixauli, J; et al.
Revista: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY
ISSN 0732-183X  Vol. 33  Nº 3 S  2015  págs. 695
Autores: Aldaz, Azucena; Chopitea, Ana; et al.
Revista: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1969-2420  Vol. 32  Nº 3  2014  págs. S356
Autores: Baixauli, J; et al.
Revista: DISEASES OF THE COLON AND RECTUM
ISSN 0012-3706  Vol. 56  Nº 4  2013  págs. 416-421
Patients with low third locally advanced rectal cancer with a poor response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (high y-pathological stage or low tumor regression grade) are at high risk of recurrence. Intense surveillance and the design of alternative therapeutic approaches aimed to lower the distant failure rate seem warranted.
Autores: Castañón, Eduardo; Lopez, I.; et al.
Revista: JOURNAL OF TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE
ISSN 1479-5876  Vol. 11  2013 
Background: Inhibitor of DNA binding 1 (Id1) and 3 (Id3) genes have been related with the inhibition of cell differentiation, cell growth promotion and tumor metastasis. Recently, Id1 has been identified as an independent prognostic factor in patients with lung adenocarcinoma, regardless of the stage. Furthermore, Id1 may confer resistance to treatment (both, radiotherapy and chemotherapy). Methods: We have studied, using monoclonal antibodies for immunohistochemistry, the Id1 and Id3 tumor epithelial expression in 17 patients with stage III-N2 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy. Results: Id1 expression is observed in 82.4% of the tumors, whereas Id3 expression is present in 41.2% of the samples. Interestingly, Id1 and Id3 expression are mutually correlated (R = 0.579, p = 0.015). In a subgroup analysis of patients with the most locally advanced disease (T4N2 stage), co-expression of Id1 and Id3 showed to be related with a worse overall survival (45 vs 6 months, p = 0.002). A trend towards significance for a worse progression free survival (30 vs 1 months, p = 0.219) and a lower response rate to the treatment (RR = 50% vs 87.5%, p = 0.07) were also observed. Conclusions: A correlation between Id1 and Id3 protein expression is observed. Id1 and Id3 co-expression seems associated with a poor clinical outcome in patients with locally advanced NSCLC treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy.
Autores: Arbea, Leire; Martínez-Monge, Rafael; Diaz-Gonzalez, JA; et al.
Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS
ISSN 0360-3016  Vol. 83  Nº 2  2012  págs. 587-593
PURPOSE: To validate tolerance and pathological complete response rate (pCR) of a 4-week preoperative course of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with concurrent capecitabine and oxaliplatin (CAPOX) in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with T3 to T4 and/or N+ rectal cancer received preoperative IMRT (47.5 Gy in 19 fractions) with concurrent capecitabine (825 mg/m(2) b.i.d., Monday to Friday) and oxaliplatin (60 mg/m(2) on Days 1, 8, and 15). Surgery was scheduled 4 to 6 weeks after the completion of chemoradiation. Primary end points were toxicity and pathological response rate. Local control (LC), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) were also analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 100 patients were evaluated. Grade 1 to 2 proctitis was observed in 73 patients (73%). Grade 3 diarrhea occurred in 9% of the patients. Grade 3 proctitis in 18% of the first 50 patients led to reduction of the dose per fraction to 47.5 Gy in 20 treatments. The rate of Grade 3 proctitis decreased to 4% thereafter (odds ratio, 0.27). A total of 99 patients underwent surgery. A pCR was observed in 13% of the patients, major response (96-100% of histological response) in 48%, and pN downstaging in 78%. An R0 resection was performed in 97% of the patients. After a median follow-up of 55 months, the LC, DFS, and OS rates were 100%, 84%, and 87%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative CAPOX-IMRT therapy (47.5 Gy in 20 fractions) is feasible
Autores: Baixauli, J; et al.
Revista: CIRUGIA ESPAÑOLA
ISSN 0009-739X  Vol. 90  Nº Especial Congreso  2012  págs. 194-194
Autores: Baixauli, J; et al.
Revista: CIRUGIA ESPAÑOLA
ISSN 0009-739X  Vol. 90  Nº Especial Congreso  2012  págs. 193-194
Autores: Diaz-Gonzalez, JA; Rodríguez, Javier; Hernández, José Luis; et al.
Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS
ISSN 0360-3016  Vol. 80  Nº 3  2011  págs. 698-704
PURPOSE: To analyze the rate of pathologic response in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer treated with preoperative chemotherapy with and without chemoradiation at our institution. METHODS AND MATERIALS: From 2000 to 2007 patients were retrospectively identified who received preoperative treatment for gastric cancer (cT3-4/ N+) with induction chemotherapy (Ch) or with Ch followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (45 Gy in 5 weeks) (ChRT). Surgery was planned 4-6 weeks after the completion of neoadjuvant treatment. Pathologic assessment was used to investigate the patterns of pathologic response after neoadjuvant treatment. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients were analyzed. Of 61 patients, 58 (95%) underwent surgery. The R0 resection rate was 87%. Pathologic complete response was achieved in 12% of the patients. A major pathologic response (<10% of residual tumor) was observed in 53% of patients, and T downstaging was observed in 75%. Median follow-up was 38.7 months. Median disease-free survival (DFS) was 36.5 months. The only patient-, tumor-, and treatment-related factor associated with pathologic response was the use of preoperative ChRT. Patients achieving major pathologic response had a 3-year actuarial DFS rate of 63%. CONCLUSIONS: The patterns of pathologic response after preoperative ChRT suggest encouraging intervals of DFS. Such a strategy may be of interest to be explored in gastric cancer.
Autores: Arbea, Leire; Diaz-Gonzalez, JA; Subtil, José Carlos; et al.
Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS
ISSN 0360-3016  Vol. 81  Nº 2  2011  págs. 439 - 444
Purpose: The main goals of preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CHRT) in rectal cancer are to achieve pathological response and to ensure tumor control with functional surgery when possible. Assessment of the concordance between clinical and pathological responses is necessary to make decisions regarding alternative conservative procedures. The present study evaluates the patterns of response after a preoperative CHRT regimen, and the value of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in assessing response. Methods and Materials: A total of 51 EUS-staged T3 to T4 and/or N0 to N+ rectal cancer patients received preoperative CHRT (intensity-modulated radiation therapy and capecitabine/oxaliplatin (XELOX) followed by radical resection. Clinical response was assesed by EUS. Rates of pathological tumor regression grade (TRG) and lymph node (LN) involvement were determined in the surgical specimen. Clinical and pathological responses were compared, and the accuracy of EUS in assessing response was calculated. Results: Twenty-four patients (45%) achieved a major pathological response (complete or >95% pathological response (TRG 3+/4)). Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of EUS in predicting pathological T response after preoperative CHRT were 77.8%, 37.5%, 60%, and 58%, respectively. The EUS sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value for nodal staging were 44%, 88%, 88%, and 44%, respectively. Furthermore, EUS after CHRT accurately predicted the absence of LN involvement in 7 of 7 patients (100%) with major pathological response of the primary tumor. Conclusion: Preoperative IMRT with concomitant XELOX induces favorable rates of major pathological response. EUS has a limited ability to predict primary tumor response after preoperative CHRT, but it is useful for accurately determining LN status. EUS may have a potential value in identifying patients with a very low risk of LN involvement in association with a good pathological response as potential candidates for conservative local surgical protocols. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Autores: Subtil, José Carlos; Sola, Jesús Javier; et al.
Revista: DISEASES OF THE COLON AND RECTUM
ISSN 0012-3706  Vol. 54  Nº 9  2011  págs. 1141 -6
Endoscopic ultrasound allows prediction of involved lymph nodes in 75% of the cases; however, 1 in 5 patients are missclassified as uN0 after neoadjuvant treatment. In our point of view, this percentage is too high to rely only on this diagnostic modality
Autores: Aramendía, José Manuel; Espinos, Jaime; et al.
Revista: CANCER CHEMOTHERAPY AND PHARMACOLOGY
ISSN 0344-5704  Vol. 65  Nº 3  2010  págs. 457 - 465
Purpose Capecitabine is effective against metastatic breast cancer (MBC). We hypothesized that sequential treatment with dose-dense epirubicin/cyclophosphamide (EC) and docetaxel/capecitabine would be active and tolerable in the adjuvant/neoadjuvant setting. Methods In this prospective phase II clinical trial patients with HER2-negative and node-positive or locally advanced tumors were eligible to receive four cycles of EC (100/600 mg/m2) every 2 weeks with G-CSF on days 3¿10, followed by four cycles of docetaxel/capecitabine (75/1,000 mg/m2 b.i.d., days 1¿14) every 3 weeks. Results Fifty-five patients were enrolled with median age of 49, and 80% had hormone receptor-positive disease. The median tumor size was 2.5 cm, with a median of two axillary nodes involved. Seventy-five percent of the first 20 patients had grade 2/3 hand-foot syndrome (HFS). Dose reduction of capecitabine to 800 mg/m2 reduced the grade 2/3 HFS incidence to 31% in the remaining patients. No grade 4/5 toxicities were observed. All 20 patients treated preoperatively responded, with 5 (25%) pathologic complete responses and 3 additional pT0N1 tumors. At a median follow-up of 48 (range 28¿60) months, the event-free and overall survival rates are 91 and 98%, respectively. Conclusions Sequential treatment with dose-dense EC followed by docetaxel/capecitabine, using a lower capecitabine dose than that approved for MBC, has an acceptable toxicity profile and encouraging activity when used as neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment of breast cancer.
Autores: Martínez-Monge, Rafael; Aramendía, José Manuel; et al.
Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GYNECOLOGICAL CANCER
ISSN 1048-891X  Vol. 20  Nº 1  2010  págs. 133 - 140
Objectives: This study was undertaken to determine the tolerability of a 7-week schedule of external beam radiation therapy, high-dose-rate brachytherapy, and weekly cisplatin and paclitaxel in patients with locally advanced carcinoma of the cervix. Methods: Twenty-nine patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stages IB2 to IVa cervical cancer were treated with 40 mg/m2 per week of intravenous (i.v.) cisplatin and 50 mg/m2 per week of i.v. paclitaxel combined with 45 Gy of pelvic external beam radiation therapy and 30 Gy of high-dose-rate brachytherapy. Results: Eleven patients (37.9%) were able to complete the 6 scheduled cycles of chemotherapy. The median number of weekly chemotherapy cycles administered was 5 (range, 2-7). Thirty-five (20.1%) of 174 cycles of chemotherapy were not given because of toxicity. The median dose intensity of cisplatin was 31 mg/m2 per week (95% confidence interval [CI], 25.2-36.8); that of paclitaxel was 44 mg/m2 per week (95% CI, 39.9-48.3). Twenty-two patients (78.6%) were able to complete the planned radiation course in less than 7 weeks. Median radiation treatment length was 45 days (95% CI, 43.4-46.6). After a median follow-up of 48 months, 7 patients (24.1%) experienced severe (Radiation Therapy Oncology Group grade 3 or higher) late toxicity. No fatal events were observed. Seven patients have failed, 1 locally and 6 at distant sites. The 8-year local/pelvic control rate was 95.7%, and the 8-year freedom from systemic failure rate was 76.1%. Eight-year actuarial disease-free survival and overall survival were 63.1% and 75.9%, respectively. Conclusions: This study demonstrated unacceptable toxicity of combining the stated doses of concurrent cisplatin and paclitaxel chemotherapy with definitive radiotherapy for patients with advanced cervical cancer. Additional phase I/II trials are recommended to clearly establish the recommended phase II dose for these drugs.
Autores: Arbea, Leire; Subtil, José Carlos; et al.
Revista: DISEASES OF THE COLON AND RECTUM
ISSN 0012-3706  Vol. 53  Nº 4  2010  págs. 629-630
Autores: González, Álvaro; García-del-Barrio, MA; Arbea, Leire; et al.
Libro:  Guía inmunotoxicidad: diagnóstico y manejo de los efectos secundarios asociados a inmunoterapia en oncología
2019  págs. 204 - 210