Nuestros investigadores

Aurora Monge Barrio

Construcción, Instalaciones y Estructuras
Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura. Universidad de Navarra
Líneas de investigación
Estrategias para la mitigación y adaptación arquitectónica al cambio climático., Rehabilitación sostenible de edificios, barrios y ciudades., Componentes industrializados y sostenibles para edificios., Certificación ambiental. Monitorización, calibración y simulación energética de edificios., Arquitectura para la población vulnerable. Envejecimiento. Pobreza energética. Accesibilidad.

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: Gamero Salinas, Juan Carlos (Autor de correspondencia); Kishnani, N.; Monge Barrio, Aurora; et al.
ISSN 0378-7788  Vol. 230  2021  págs. 110544
Autores: Gamero Salinas, Juan Carlos (Autor de correspondencia); Monge Barrio, Aurora; Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana
ISSN 0360-1323  Vol. 171  2020  págs. 106664
Cities with hot tropical climate suffer generally from warm conditions during all year long, which could result on buildings 'overheating' or high energy consumption by cooling. This paper is the first of its kind in Central America, region that lacks studies regarding thermal performance of buildings. This study develops an overheating risk assessment to twelve dwellings of Tegucigalpa, Honduras, with a warm tropical climate, based on 41-day field study measurements of indoor air temperatures during its hottest season of the year. The aim of the study was to find if overheating risk differed depending on the building typology, single-family (SD) or apartment-type (AT), and based on the latter, to what extent roof exposure to solar gains and material properties, such as u-values and thermal mass, are parameters that influence the risk of overheating. The adopted methodology followed CIBSE TM52 Overheating Risk Methodology, and EN15251 and ASHRAE 55 adaptive thermal comfort approaches. Overheating risk was found to vary depending on the residential building typology. Dwellings with high roof exposure and high u-values in roof were found to be 'overheating' more. Following CIBSE TM52 methodology, some AT and SD dwellings experienced hours of exceedance above 3% of occupied hours, reaching up to 12.5% (61 h) and 20.3% (133 h) of occupied hours, respectively. Passive strategies such as improving roof properties (e.g. low u-values), shading and night ventilation may be necessary to reduce the risk of overheating in Tegucigalpa and similar tropical contexts where air conditioning is less affordable.
Autores: Juaristi Gutiérrez, Miren (Autor de correspondencia); Loonen, R. ; Isaia, F. ; et al.
ISSN 2210-6707  Vol. 60  2020  págs. 102232
Mainstream design approaches for low-energy buildings make use of highly-insulated building envelopes. However, if facades are always blocking energy exchange, the climatic resources surrounding the built environment might remain untapped or issues like overheating could arise. By reducing energy demand or improving indoor comfort, adaptive opaque facades are considered a promising sustainable alternative. The usual approach for designing adaptive facades relies on detailed simulations of specific facade components. Such technology-oriented approaches tend to be incompatible with the early-stage design process and do rarely make a conscious analysis of the potential climatic resources, which could result in sub-optimal facade adaptation strategies. This paper presents a new methodological approach called Dynamic Climate Analysis (DCA) and shows that it is possible to narrow down the preferable adaptive opaque facade responses at early design stages by extracting relevant transient information from weather files. Users only define the location, geometry and placement of the facade. It was concluded that DCA represents a broadly useful early-stage design decision support because of its ability to estimate the proportion of preferred adaptive thermal behaviours without proposing defined technological solutions. Therefore, DCA is an effective approach to test the potential application of upcoming responsive technologies in specific built contexts.
Autores: Juaristi Gutiérrez, Miren (Autor de correspondencia); Konstantinou, T. ; Gómez-Acebo Temes, Tomás; et al.
ISSN 2071-1050  Vol. 12  Nº 23  2020  págs. 10118
Adaptive Opaque Facades (AOF) is an innovative concept with potential to achieve low carbon energy buildings. However, so far AOF are not integrated in the construction industry. One remarkable issue that designers have when dealing with alternative low-carbon technologies, such as AOF, is the absence of previous built experiences and the lack of specialised technical knowledge. Design roadmaps can be convenient solutions to guide pioneer low carbon technology applications. This work presents a roadmap to assist the performance-based early-stage design process of Adaptive Opaque Facades. Previous research developed new approaches and tools to assist on the construction definition of AOF, so that their adaptive thermal performance was considered when specific design decisions needed to be made. The roadmap presented in this paper organises the implementation sequence of each methodological approach and tools in dierent design stages, which aims to provide a holistic design approach for AOF. The usability of the roadmap was validated in a workshop called ¿Performance-based Design and Assessment of Adaptive Facades¿ with master students representing the target group of this roadmap. Even though these students had never heard about AOF before, they could successfully design, define the early-stage characteristics of an AOF and quantify the thermal performance of their AOF designs. The roadmap was proven to be a useful support, which might make the implementation of AOF more appr
Autores: Luna-Navarro, A., (Autor de correspondencia); Loonen, R. ; Juaristi Gutiérrez, Miren; et al.
ISSN 0360-1323  Vol. 177  2020  págs. 106880
The interest in occupant interaction with building controls and automation systems is growing due to the wider availability of embedded sensing devices and automated or intelligent building components that can integrate building control strategies with occupant-centred data and lead to greater occupant satisfaction and reduction in energy consumption. An area of particular interest is the interaction strategies between occupants and the so called automated facades, such as dynamic shading devices and switchable glazing. Occupant-Facade interactions are often disruptive and source of dissatisfaction because of conflicts between competing requirements, e.g. energy-efficiency and indoor environmental quality. To solve these conflicts, expertise from several disciplines is required, including Behavioural Science and Building Physics, but the absence of common research frameworks impedes knowledge transfer between different fields of expertise. This paper reviews existing multi-disciplinary research on occupant interaction with facades, buildings and automation systems and provides a new classification scheme of Occupant-Facade interaction. The scheme is based on an extensive review of interactive scenarios between occupants and facades that are summarised in this paper. The classification scheme was found to be successful in: 1) capturing the multidisciplinary nature of interactive scenarios by clarifying relationships between components; 2) identifying similarities and characteristics among interactive scenarios; 3) understanding research gaps. The classification scheme proposed in this paper has the potential to be a useful tool for the multi-disciplinary research community in this field. The review also showed that more research is needed to characterise the holistic and multi-disciplinary effect of occupant interaction with intelligent building components.
Autores: Juaristi Gutiérrez, Miren; Monge Barrio, Aurora; Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; et al.
ISSN 2213-302X  Vol. 6  Nº 2  2018  págs. 109 - 119
Autores: Shady Attia; Luna-Navarro, Alessandra; Juaristi Gutiérrez, Miren; et al.
ISSN 2213-3038  Vol. 6  Nº 3  2018  págs. 1 - 9
Post-occupancy evaluation is a valuable method of generating information on the performance of adaptive building façades in relation to users. This evaluation technique involves both procedural methods, such as soft-landing, and empirical measuring, such as environmental monitoring or self-reporting techniques including surveys. Several studies have been carried out in recent decades to identify the most appropriate methods for occupant comfort, well-being, productivity, satisfaction, and health assessments in workplaces. Post-occupancy evaluation of adaptive façades can, however, be a challenging task and information on this topic is still scarce and fragmented. The main contribution of this paper is to bring together and classify the post-occupancy evaluation methods for adaptive façades and suggest a framework for their holistic evaluation. Specific recommendations for improving current standards and guidelines are outlined here to enhance occupant satisfaction and environmental conditions in workplaces for future design projects. Finally, we discuss various ongoing trends and research requirements in this field.
Autores: Juaristi Gutiérrez, Miren; Monge Barrio, Aurora; Knaack, Ulrich; et al.
ISSN 2213-3038  Vol. 6  Nº 3  2018  págs. 19 - 33
Today¿s society needs to face challenging targets relating to environment and energy efficiency, and therefore the development of efficient façade systems is essential. Innovative concepts such as Adaptive Building Façades might play a role in the near future, as their dynamic behaviour could optimise the performance of a building. For their successful development, a balance between sophistication and benefit is necessary and the implementation of Smart and Multifunctional Materials in building envelopes could be the key, as they have the ability to repeatedly and reversibly change some of their functions, features, or behaviours over time in response to environmental conditions. However, these materials were predominantly developed for use in other fields, and there is a lack of specific technical information to evaluate their usefulness in façade engineering. The aim of this paper is to collect the critical information about promising responsive materials for use in the design of Adaptive Façades, in order to help designers and technicians in decision-making processes and to scope possible future applications in façades. Investigated materials were analysed from the Building Science standpoint; their weaknesses and threats in the built environment were highlighted, and their technical feasibility was examined through the study of their availability in the current market.
Autores: Juaristi Gutiérrez, Miren (Autor de correspondencia); Gómez-Acebo Temes, Tomás; Monge Barrio, Aurora
ISSN 0360-1323  Vol. 144  2018  págs. 482 - 501
Over the last decades, new concepts of building envelopes have been proposed to achieve environmental targets. Adaptability of transparent components and facade integration of renewable energy harvesters are being widely studied. However, opaque facade components are less developed, even if their performance can be further optimized. When searching responsive technologies to propose new opaque facades, we learned they were usually created for other fields, which hampers their direct application in new envelopes. The successful implementation of these technologies in fa ade industry depends on the fulfilment of diverse requirements, such as durability, security or flexibility in design among others, but this information was not easy to get when they were not developed for the built environment. There is a lack of empirical studies evaluating these characteristics for adaptive technologies, which are mandatory to define the technical specifications of a fa ade. However, literature review provides a great amount of qualitative information and this study uses it for its analysis in order to gain insights into the degree of accomplishments of aforementioned requirements. Analysed technologies were kinetic elements, shifting thermal behaviour elements, dynamic components and systems. Overall, they still need to face several technical challenges for their suitable fa ade application. The novel visual analysis proposed in this paper is an useful tool for researchers undertaking this task, as it allows a fast and holistic comparison of the potentials and weaknesses of the dynamic technologies. It was concluded that a suitable combination among them could help to achieve the broad functionalities of the facades.
Autores: Monge Barrio, Aurora; Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana
ISSN 0378-7788  Vol. 108  2015  págs. 244 - 256
This research shows the study and analysis of sunspaces behaviour as passive elements of architecture during the summer, taking into account that they are fundamentally passive solar heating elements for winter. This study is carried out through monitoring and energy simulation of six case studies, applying it to summer 2011¿2012 which was extremely hot for the climate zone in which it is located. These results are useful for the study of residential buildings with the forecasts of climate change for Pamplona, especially for an architectural element as sensitive to overheating as is an attached sunspace. The research concludes that attached sunspaces also have a good thermal behavior in summer, even in extreme conditions, as long as they are designed and used properly, and therefore no active cooling system is necessary. This research also explores the energy efficiency and optimized design of the sunspaces for different climate zones in Spain, selected attending mainly to the severity of summer although with different winter conditions.
Autores: Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; Monge Barrio, Aurora; Domingo Irigoyen, Silvia; et al.
ISSN 0378-7788  Vol. 80  2014  págs. 231 - 246
This investigation deals with the thermal performance of two passive solar components. An attached sunspace with horizontal heat storage and another one with vertical thermal storage were designed in order to optimize the use of solar gain, its storage and distribution in an industrialized component. These sunspaces have been tested under real conditions, comparing their thermal performance with two commonly used components in residential buildings in Spain: a window and a double window making up an attached sunspace. Different series of experimental measurements were made in two test-cells exposed to outdoor conditions in Pamplona (Northern Spain). As a result, nine scenarios during winter 2011 and six ones during summer 2012 have been carried out, comparing all the prototypes two by two with different use modes. Resu**lts show that a sunspace with heat storage takes advantage of the solar energy and improves the indoor thermal performance of the adjacent room during winter in a better way than a window or a simple sunspace, and that it has also a better performance in summer. The best results in winter and summer were obtained when an appropriate use of the component is performed, in concordance with outdoor conditions; some thermal control actions for the good performance of these components are suggested.
Autores: Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; Monge Barrio, Aurora
ISSN 0146-6518  Vol. 35  Nº 1  2011  págs. 35 - 44
Autores: Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; Monge Barrio, Aurora; San Miguel Bellod, Jorge; et al.
Libro:  Construction, pathology, rehabilitation, technology and heritage, rehabend 2018.
2018  págs. 1807 - 1815
Autores: Alessandra Luna Navarro; Roiel Loonen; Shady Attia; et al.
Libro:  Conference: Adaptive Facades Network Final Conference
2018  págs. 371-377
Adaptive or Intelligent façades are those that can interact with users and dynamically vary their performance or properties (controlling thermal or solar energy, air flow and/or daylight) in response to changing external conditions and indoor demands. Consequently, adaptive façades could help to ensure occupant comfort, health, well-being and satisfaction, while allowing resource-efficient building operation. However, effective adaptive façade solutions that provide an optimal balance between user comfort, satisfaction and energy efficiency cannot be achieved without knowledge of the multidisciplinary complexity of the user-façade interaction. The main objective of this paper is to preliminary review and analyse the existing literature on user interaction with intelligent buildings, especially with façades, and to propose a conceptual framework to capture the multi-disciplinary and multi-domain complexity of user interaction with adaptive façades. The interaction between adaptive façades and occupants is then modelled as a closed loop of information and action exchange. This paper concludes indicating which are the future research needs to be addressed in order to define what is a satisfactory interaction strategy between occupants and façades.
Autores: Juaristi Gutiérrez, Miren; Monge Barrio, Aurora
Libro:  11th Conference on Advanced Building Skins
2016  págs. 419-428
Adaptive façades have emerged strongly in extreme climate countries, as their behaviour contributes to optimize the energy efficiency of buildings and the well-being of the occupants. Its development in temperate climates could contribute to the achievement of European environmental objectives for 2020 and 2050. These will only be obtained if occupants accept and know how to use buildings, hence the need for in-use assessments of buildings, especially of the most innovative ones. In the literature review, very few postoccupational evaluations or assessments of Adaptive Façades have been found, even less in temperate climates, where the façade must adapt to varied conditions at a short time scale. This article shows the Case Study of an office building, the Media-TIC, located in Barcelona (Spain), which has a Mediterranean Climate with mild winters and warm summers. Media-TIC has two different Adaptive Facades facing southeast and southwest, and the innovative technology consists on inflatable sheets and cushions made of ETFE (Ethylene Tetrafluor Ethylene). The study was conducted with a small sample of occupants distributed in different floors and orientations of the building. The behaviour of the Adaptive Façades, the occupants¿ acceptance in respect to the innovative system and the possibilities for its improvement were analysed.
Autores: Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; Monge Barrio, Aurora; Domingo Irigoyen, Silvia; et al.
Libro:  Rehabend 2016. Euro-american congress. Construction, Pathology, Rehabilitation technology and Heritage management
2016  págs. 1632 - 1640
Autores: Castillejo Celigueta, Ana; Monge Barrio, Aurora; San Miguel Bellod, Jorge; et al.
Libro:  31st International PLEA Conference
2015  págs. 1 - 8
Autores: Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; Monge Barrio, Aurora; Domingo Irigoyen, Silvia; et al.
Libro:  5th Annual International Conference on Architecture
2015  págs. 86 - 87
Autores: Attia, Shady; Favoino, Fabio; Loonen, Roel C.G.M. ; et al.
Libro:  10th Conference on Advanced Building Skins, 3-4 November 2015, Bern, Switserland
2015  págs. 1275 - 1283
The assessment of adaptive facades presents a challenge because there is no established evaluation strategy to systematically reach this goal and many of the available building energy standards and codes have limited applicability for such advanced facades system. This paper reviews current evaluation methods for assessing adaptive facades system through a literature review. It also discusses occupant behaviour, post occupancy evaluation and commissioning issues and presents the procedures. The paper is part of the activities of Working Group 3 in COST Action TU1403 - Adaptive Facades Network. So far we could not find a protocol for assessment of adaptive facades. The reviewed literature is scattered lacking a focus on adaptive facades. There is no agreement on defining what are adaptive facades (sometimes named intelligent, smart, dynamic). We could define specialized technology monitoring techniques to assess the performance of technologies such as fabric-integrated solutions (e.g. electrochromic glazing, phase-change materials, building-Integrated Photovoltaics with heat recovery (BIPV/T, shade shutters) and advanced controls. The review is used to identify gaps in existing assessment methods and helps develop strategies for the holistic evaluation and assessment of adaptive facade systems as part of high performance buildings.
Autores: Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; González Martínez, Purificación; Echeverria Trueba, Juan Bautista; et al.
Libro:  Adaptive Facade Network Europe
Vol. 1  Nº 1  2015  págs. 29
Autores: Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; Domingo Irigoyen, Silvia; González Martínez, Purificación; et al.
Libro:  Rehabend 2014. Congreso Latinoamericano sobre patología de la construcción, tecnología de la rehabilitación y gestión del patrimonio
2014  págs. 1288 - 1295
Autores: Ularqui Aparicio, C; Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; Monge Barrio, Aurora
Libro:  Jornadas Internacionales de Investigación en Construcción. La vivienda: pasado, presente y futuro: resúmenes y actas
2013  págs. 162
Autores: Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; Monge Barrio, Aurora; Domingo Irigoyen, Silvia; et al.
Libro:  39th world conference on housing science. Chanching needs, adaptative buildings, smart cities.
Vol. 1  2013  págs. 525 - 531
Autores: Monge Barrio, Aurora; Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; Domingo Irigoyen, Silvia; et al.
Libro:  Sustainable architecture for a renewable future
2013  págs. 1 - 6
Autores: Domingo Irigoyen, Silvia; Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; Monge Barrio, Aurora; et al.
Libro:  39th world conference on housing science. Chanching needs, adaptative buildings, smart cities
Vol. 2  2013  págs. 309 - 318
Autores: Domingo Irigoyen, Silvia; Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; Monge Barrio, Aurora; et al.
Libro:  Sustainable architectrure for a rerenewable future. PLEA 29th conference 2013
2013  págs. 1 - 6
Autores: Torres Ramo, Joaquín; González Martínez, Purificación; Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; et al.
Libro:  39th world conference on housing science. Chanching needs, adaptative buildings, smart cities.
Vol. 1  2013  págs. 429 - 437
Autores: Monge Barrio, Aurora; Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; Domingo Irigoyen, Silvia; et al.
Libro:  Conference proceedings of 29th conference, Sustainable architecture for a renewbable future.
2013  págs. 1 - 6
Autores: Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; Monge Barrio, Aurora; González Martínez, Purificación; et al.
Libro:  Proyecto CONCLIMAT: industrialización de viviendas bioclimáticas de coste optimizado
2012  págs. 27 - 52
Autores: Domingo Irigoyen, Silvia; Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; Monge Barrio, Aurora; et al.
Libro:  PATORREB 2012. 4º Congreso de patología y rehabilitación de edificios
2012  págs. 147 - 152
Autores: Monge Barrio, Aurora; Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana; Domingo Irigoyen, Silvia; et al.
Libro:  XXXVIII IAHS World Congress on Housing
2012  págs. 414 - 421
Autores: Monge Barrio, Aurora; Sánchez-Ostiz Gutiérrez, Ana
Libro:  Proccedings of the XXXVII IAHS World Congress on Housing
2010  págs. 144 - 145