Revistas
Revista:
PHYSICA ASTATISTICAL MECHANICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS
ISSN:
03784371
Año:
2023
Vol.:
625
Págs.:
128992
A simple method to estimate percolation thresholds pc in lattice models is presented. The technique is based on the calculation of the probabilities RXL(p) for finding a percolating cluster of type X [X could be horizontal (H), vertical (V), average (A), intersection (I), or union (U)] on a finite lattice of side length L at concentration p of occupied sites. The functions RXL(p) are obtained by numerical simulations. Then, (1) effective percolation thresholds pXc ,r (L) are estimated from the condition RXL (p) = r (where r is a parameter ranging between 0 and 1); and (2) the percolation threshold in the thermodynamic limit is determined by extrapolating the effective percolation thresholds to infinite L.The methodology presented herein contains and extends the classical scheme developed by Yonezawa, Sakamoto and Hori, offering a more complete and versatile theoretical/simulation framework to calculate percolation thresholds. The approach is validated by successfully comparing with wellknown results obtained for the problem of random site percolation on square lattices. Taking advantage of the behavior of the curves of pX,r c (L) for different values of the parameter r, more general scaling relations are proposed for the effective percolation thresholds. Finally, the technique is applied to model experimental data of clogging transitions in a twodimensional silo with a vibrated base. & COPY; 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Revista:
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS
ISSN:
00319007
Año:
2023
Vol.:
131
N°:
9
Págs.:
098201
Contrary to the proven beneficial role that placing an obstacle above a silo exit has in clogging prevention, we demonstrate that, when the system is gently shaken, this passive element has a twofold effect in the clogging destruction process. On one side, the obstacle eases the destruction of weak arches, a phenomenon that can be explained by the pressure screening that it causes in the outlet proximities. But on the other side, we discover that the obstacle presence leads to the development of a few very strong arches. These arches, which dominate in the heavy tailed distributions of unclogging times, correlate with configurations where the number of particles contacting the obstacle from below are higher than the average; hence suggesting that the obstacle acts as an anchoring point for the granular packing. This finding may help one to understand the ambiguous effect of obstacles in the bottleneck flow of other systems, such as pedestrians evacuating a room or active matter in general
Revista:
COMMUNICATIONS PHYSICS
ISSN:
23993650
Año:
2022
Vol.:
5
N°:
1
Págs.:
4
Placing an obstacle in front of a bottleneck has been proposed as a sound alternative to improve the flow of discrete materials in a wide variety of scenarios. Nevertheless, the physical reasons behind this behavior are not fully understood and the suitability of this practice has been recently challenged for pedestrian evacuations. In this work, we experimentally demonstrate that for the case of inert grains discharging from a silo, an obstacle above the exit leads to a reduction of clog formation via two different mechanisms: i) an alteration of the kinematic properties in the outlet proximities that prevents the stabilization of arches; and ii) an introduction of a clear anisotropy in the contact fabric tensor that becomes relevant when working at a quasistatic regime. Then, both mechanisms are encompassed using a single formulation that could be inspiring for other, more complex, systems.
The mechanisms underlying clogging of granular materials exiting a container have been widely studied, but findings have been sometimes contradictory for other systems or active matter in general. The authors experimentally analyze the effect of an obstacle to prevent silo clogging, finding that the obstacle has a dual role altering both the kinematic properties of the system and the distribution of contact orientations
Revista:
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS
ISSN:
00319007
Año:
2021
Vol.:
127
N°:
14
Págs.:
148002
The existence of a transition from a clogged to an unclogged state has been recently proposed for the flow of macroscopic particles through bottlenecks in systems as diverse as colloidal suspensions, granular matter, or live beings. Here, we experimentally demonstrate that, for vibrated granular media, such a transition genuinely exists, and we characterize it as a function of the outlet size and vibration intensity. We confirm the suitability of the "flowing parameter" as the order parameter, and we find out that the resealed maximum acceleration of the system should be replaced as the control parameter by a dimensionless velocity that can be seen as the square root of the ratio between kinetic and potential energy. In all the investigated scenarios, we observe that, for a critical value of this control parameter Sc, there seems to be a continuous transition to an unclogged state. The data can be resealed with this critical value, which, as expected, decreases with the orifice size D. This leads to a phase diagram in the SD plane in which clogging appears as a concave surface.
Revista:
THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL CONFERENCES
ISSN:
21016275
Año:
2021
Vol.:
249
Págs.:
03009
Flowing grains can clog an orifice by developing arches, an undesirable event in many cases. Several strategies have been put forward to avoid this. One of them is to vibrate the system in order to undo the clogging. Nevertheless, the time taken to break an arch under a constant vibration has a distribution displaying a heavy tail. This can lead to a situation where the average breaking time is not well defined. Moreover, it has been observed in some experiments that these tails tend to flatten for very long times, exacerbating the problem. Here we will review two conceptual frameworks that have been proposed to understand the phenomenon and discuss their physical implications.
Nacionales y Regionales
Título:
Comportamiento colectivo emergente en sistemas de muchas partículas (EmerCol)
Código de expediente:
PID2020114839GBI00
Investigador principal:
Iker Zuriguel Ballaz, Raúl Cruz Hidalgo
Financiador:
AGENCIA ESTATAL DE INVESTIGACION
Convocatoria:
2020 AEI PROYECTOS I+D+i (incluye Generación del conocimiento y Retos investigación)
Fecha de inicio:
01/09/2021
Fecha fin:
31/08/2024
Importe concedido:
175.450,00€
Otros fondos:
