Nuestros investigadores

José Antonio Alfaro Tanco

. Universidad de Navarra
Líneas de investigación
Innovacion abierta - Open Innovation, Investigación en accion - Action research, Relaciones Universidad Empresas - University-firm relationships, Gestión de la cadena de suministros - Supply Chain Management, Innovación social - Social innovation
Índice H
4, (WoS, 13/12/2017)
4, (Scopus, 08/01/2018)

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: Kamann, D.-J.F.; Alfaro, José Antonio; Sebrek, S. S.;
ISSN 1753-8440  Vol. 12  Nº 1  2019  págs. 56 - 87
This paper shows the evolution of traceability management from 1990-2017 using 124 articles. It lists 73 journals by name, classified in 12 fields of science. We find a dominance of food journals, with journals in supply chain management and IT in a stable second and third position. Articles are coded for nine possible topics and divided into two categories: theoretical and empirical. An increasing Berry index for the nine topics shows an increased dispersion across the various topics. Out of the 43 case studies, 36 relate to the food industry, although more recent publications also deal with other sectors. Various relevant theories are discussed and observed bottlenecks are discussed as well as future potential, like using systems thinking with big data analysis as an enabler.
Autores: Arredondo, C. R.; Alfaro, José Antonio;
ISSN 2254-6235  Vol. 8  Nº 1  2019  págs. 62 - 80
The aim of this research is to identify the factors that influence the implementation of supply chain management (SCM) strategy in Latin America countries. More specifically, we focus on the study of the degree of SCM strategy involvement into the design of business strategy through the analysis of the following aspects: organization culture, incentive programs for managers, internal alignment, and segmentation. These aspects are evaluated at a firm level of analysis in order to understand how the internal organization gives way to a correct SCM implementation. The authors use a Delphi Methodology on a panel of 13 Latin American experts in SCM and logistics in order to validate a set of SCM constructs that represent different aspects of integration and that should be presented as SCM strategy aspects in the definition of the business strategy of the firm. As a result, the differences in the experts¿ opinions regarding the proposed constructs clearly indicate that even the constructs have to be included into the SCM strategy, there is still much to be defined in terms of SCM strategy and how SCM participates in the Business Strategy and, thus clear guidelines must be proposed to enable its proper operationalization. To deepen the phenomenon of SCM as a fundamental part of the strategy of the company and thus analyze in detail the conditions that must be taken within the organization for its further operationalization are a still pending innovative approach in the matter. This
Autores: Alfaro, José Antonio;
ISSN 1361-2026  Vol. 22  Nº 2  2018  págs. 240 - 251
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to show how 3D digital technology can bring value to the fashion industry by analysing the specific benefits it offers along the value chain. Additionally, the authors show some of the challenges ahead identified for both software and fashion firms. Design/methodology/approach - The authors present by means of a case study the experience of an haute couture designer who used 3D digital technology-in collaboration with a recognised 3D software company-for developing his first luxury footwear collection. Findings - The enhancement of creativity and a better communication with suppliers are just some of the benefits identified in the case study from the use of 3D digital technology. In addition, challenges such as the development of a digital culture or the need for technology simplification are drawn from the case. Practical implications - Apart from the benefits and challenges drawn from the case study, which can be useful to practitioners in this industry, the authors also identify the collaboration through which the experience took place as an interesting practice to implement as a previous step of a digital transformation strategy. Originality/value - Despite the growing interest the fashion industry is showing in the use of new digital technologies, academic research on this topic is still scarce. Therefore, the case study presented in this paper adds value to the literature showing how 3D technology can help fashion from concept to consumer.
Autores: Oltra, M. J.; Flor, M. L.; Alfaro, José Antonio, (Autor de correspondencia)
ISSN 1463-7154  Vol. 24  Nº 3  2018  págs. 814 - 836
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between the use of open innovation (OI) practices and firm performance, and the role of organizational mechanisms (OMs) (formalization and decentralization) as moderator variables. Design/methodology/approach - The authors build a theoretical framework to define a set of hypotheses that are then verified in an empirical study. These theoretical propositions are tested by using the data gathered from a survey addressed to 244 firms in Spanish low- and medium-technology industries. Findings - With regard to inbound practices, the practices oriented to cooperate with partners in a R&D context have a positive influence. The results show that outbound practices, either by direct generation of revenues from licensing payments or, more indirectly, through the indirect marketing and technical benefits that can stem from revealing have a positive effect on firm performance. Coupled practices, which are related to participation in clusters and innovation networks, have the highest impact on firm performance. In the industrial context examined, decentralization exerts a positive effect which enhances the effect of outbound practices meanwhile formalization reduces their positive effect. Practical implications - This study helps practitioners in low- and medium-technology firms to determine which OI practices are most beneficial to firm performance and how formalization and decentralization can influence the relationship between OI and firm performance. Originality/value - This study helps determine the influence of OI practices in terms of inbound, outbound and coupled types through an analysis of low- and medium-technology firms. The OI literature is enriched by the types herein of the role of OMs, which includes an analysis of how formalization and decentralization moderate the influence of OI practices on firm performance.
Autores: Vidal Durango, J. V.; Martínez Carazo, P. C.; Alfaro, José Antonio;
ISSN 1989-9068  Vol. 8  Nº Special Issue  2017  págs. 125 - 139
Existe una cantidad significativa de técnicas de creatividad y apoyo al prototipado que han sido aplicadas con éxito en la industria. Sin embargo, la carencia de evidencia empírica sobre su utilización en sistemas educativos motiva el presente trabajo cuyo objetivo principal consiste en divulgar los resultados de una experiencia de innovación docente para la consolidación de una cultura de I+D+i, mediante la cual se evaluaron las preferencias de utilización de las técnicas de creatividad y prototipado en grupos de innovación preuniversitarios, integrados por estudiantes, docentes y asesores externos. Para ello se tomó una muestra de 60 grupos que desarrollaron 60 proyectos de innovación en diferentes líneas y modelos análogos de gestión de la innovación tecnológica, evaluándose la frecuencia de uso y combinación de técnicas. Los resultados de la experiencia muestran diferencias de uso en relación al modelo de gestión y a la línea de desarrollo seleccionada por los grupos, asimismo, se observó que las técnicas de creatividad más utilizadas fueron lluvias de ideas y Phillps 66, mientras que para prototipado fueron TRIZ y QFD para prototipos tangibles y Desing Thinking y Metodología ágil para prototipos de servicios.
Autores: Chamas, E.; Caldart, A.; Alfaro, José Antonio;
ISSN 2254-6235  Nº 271  2017  págs. 66 - 76
En América Latina ha tenido lugar recientemente un más que interesante proceso de creación de startups de tecnología, el cual ha dado como resultado el surgimiento de un importante número de grandes empresas del sector. En este artículo se analiza cómo estas consiguen compatibilizar su estrategia con las limitaciones institucionales de la región.
Autores: Andrés Mejía-Villa; Alfaro, José Antonio;
ISSN 1989-9068  Vol. 8  2017  págs. 191 - 203
This study pretends to highlight the usefulness of developing action research (AR) projects as a way to develop a set of integrated studies based on a dual contribution: academic and managerial ones. The concept of AR Project goes one step ahead in terms of AR methodology as an extended case study. We describe an specific AR Project associated to a doctoral theses in the field of innovation intermediation. As main results, we have learned from this experience that (1) the relationship between researchers and practitioners must be collaborative and based on trust and commitment, (2) an AR Project is broader and more complex than a case study, (3) the diffusion of research results must be differentiated for practitioners and academics, and finally, (4) the AR Project is an open and collaborative innovation practice.
Autores: Rodríguez, María Isabel; Alfaro, José Antonio; Sandulli, F.;
ISSN 1463-7154  Vol. 23  Nº 6  2017  págs. 1196 - 1215
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore the relevant factors that influence the implementation of innovation contests, an open innovation (OI) practice that has been extensively reported in the literature as a managerial tool for external knowledge search. The authors focus the study on the context of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Design/methodology/approach - The approach is a retrospective case study. This methodology allows an in-depth view into a Spanish SME that successfully undertook two new product development processes thanks to the deployment of innovation contests. Findings - The main context factors influencing innovation contests as managerial tool are ambidexterity, technological and marketing turbulence and intermediaries, among others. Regarding design factors, this work highlights the role of attraction and facilitation. Additionally, the repetitive implementation of innovation contests creates a corporate culture that promotes OI activities. Practical implications - Managers will understand that they can use innovation contests as a managerial tool, and knowing the factors that need to be taken into account when implementing an innovation contest will help SMEs managers to make better use of this practice. Originality/value - This case study enriches the literature of both innovation contests and topics relevant to SMEs. Based on a theoretical framework of the design factors that influence the implementation of innovation contests, the authors propose a research framework that incorporates those context factors in association with an SME.
Autores: Prieto, Julieth Vanessa; Alfaro, José Antonio; Mejia-Villa, A.; et al.
ISSN 0959-6526  Vol. 135  2016  págs. 806 - 818
This study analyzes the importance of ecolabels as an eco-innovation tool that can contribute to the sustainable design, production and consumption of products. Our research has a dual objective. The first is to build a theoretical framework that explains the relationship between ecolabels and eco-innovation, their determinants (demand, supply; and institutional and political influences) and the dimensions that arise from them. Second, according to this framework, a systematic literature review was carried out to identify the trends and opportunities in ecolabeling as a multidimensional topic, from empirical, geographical and sectorial perspective. The main contributions of this paper are a proposal for cyclical ecolabeling innovation process, an understanding of the ecolabeling dimensions according to the studies analyzed, and ecolabel performance in the market. Additionally, the systematic literature review revealed that ecolabels have been mainly explored in food sectors and, developed countries, and researchers tend to assess their performance from the dimension of market dynamics. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Autores: Rodríguez, María Isabel; Alfaro, José Antonio;
ISSN 1698-5117  Nº 50  2016  págs. 142 - 157
Este articulo tiene como objetivo general el análisis de las prácticas de innovación abierta que pueden ser implementadas por PYMEs proveedoras de servicios en el sector de automoción. Para ello, ilustramos, a través de los resultados de un estudio de casos múltiple, su utilidad para satisfacer las necesidades cambiantes del mercado y seguir siendo competitivos. Finalmente describimos en detalle una de estas prácticas que puede contribuir a la sistematización del proceso de desarrollo de nuevos productos: los co-desarrollos.
Autores: Rodríguez, María Isabel; Alfaro, José Antonio; Sandulli, F.;
ISSN 2340-6585  Vol. 3  Nº 1  2015  págs. 1 - 12
Open innovation represents a research field into the business organization area. Though, there are many researchers and practitioners from different areas and sectors that consider that OI is a wide and diffuse concept. This research encompasses into the open innovation literature, but it is focused on the automotive sector, and more specifically, in the providers of services of Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs). Our study has a double objective: on the one hand, to illustrate which open innovation practices are implemented by OEMs¿ suppliers. We show the agents that participate in each of them, and the objectives that the providers have got with its implementation. On the other hand, we highlight the factors that are most relevant to put into practice these open innovation practices for those firms whose main customers are OEMs. In order to get these objectives, we have carried out a multiple case study with seven suppliers from different departments of OEMs. Our findings show that the most common practice these firms implement is the joined development, even they have found relevant performance with regional innovation cluster, innovation contest, inward and outward licensing of IP, joint venture and lead user method. This research permits obtaining a set of conclusions that may be helpful for both the researchers interested in OI and those managers and practitioners that implement OI practices in order to be more fruitful for their firms.
Autores: Avella Camarero, L.; Alfaro, José Antonio;
ISSN 1476-7503  Vol. 12  Nº 2  2014  págs. 193 - 207
This research identifies Action Research as a methodology that can play an important role in enhancing the contribution of universities to the improvement of business competitiveness through Operations Management research. We propose that a Business Chair, defined as an agreement between a university and a business organization, can be a useful tool in research projects based on Action Research methodology. We analyze a set of Business Chairs in the field of Operations Management in Spanish universities. We draw up a set of research questions aiming to determine the degree to which Action Research methodology is used in the Chairs analyzed, and to define the key factors for the successful implementation of Action Research projects
Autores: Alfaro, José Antonio; Rodríguez, Victoria María; Amorrortu-Gervasio, I.;
Revista: EDUCADE
ISSN 2173-478X  Vol. 5  2014  págs. 19 - 31
Autores: Alfaro, José Antonio; Avella Camarero, L.;
ISSN 2254-6235  Vol. 2  Nº 2  2013  págs. 60 - 72
Autores: González-Benito, J.; Lannelongue, G.; Alfaro, José Antonio;
ISSN 0020-7543  Vol. 51  Nº 13  2013  págs. 3849 - 3863
Autores: Alfaro, José Antonio; Mejía, A.; Recalde, Mónica; et al.
Este estudio ha sido elaborado por el grupo de investigación «Innovation Decisions in the Business Environment» de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales de la Universidad de Navarra, bajo el proyecto «Las asociaciones empresariales como agentes impulsores de la innovación estratégica en las empresas de Navarra: análisis y propuestas de mejora», financiado por la Fundación Caja Navarra



Trabajo Fin de Grado (Empresa). 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales.

Quality Management (F. ECONÓMICAS). 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales.

Trabajo Fin de Grado (Empresa). 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales.