RADIOTHERAPY AND ONCOLOGY
159 - 164
Background: Wound healing complications (WHC), osteoradionecrosis (ORN), and nerve damage (ND) are common adverse effects in adult patients with soft tissue sarcomas of the extremities and the superficial trunk treated with surgery and perioperative high dose rate brachytherapy (PHDRB) alone or combined with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT).
Rationale: Analysis of the treatment factors contributing to these complications can potentially minimize their occurrence and severity.
Patients: A total of 169 patients enrolled in two parallel prospective studies were included in this analysis. Previously Unirradiated cases (Group 1; n = 139) were treated with surgical resection, 16-24 Gy of PHDRB and 45 Gy of EBRT. Adjuvant chemotherapy was given to selected patients with high-grade tumors. Previously irradiated cases (Group 2; n = 30) were treated with surgical resection and 32-40 Gy of PHDRB without further EBRT.
Methods: Patient factors, tumor factors, surgical factors, PHDRB factors and EBRT factors were analyzed using Cox univariate and multivariate analysis.
Results: In Previously Unirradiated cases, WHC, ORN and ND occurred in 38.8%, 5.0% and 19.4%. Multivariate analysis indicated that WHC increased with CTV size (p = 0.02) and CTV2cm3 Physical dose (p = 0.02). ORN increased with Bone2cm3 EQD2 ¿ 67 Gy(p = 0.01) and ND was more frequent in patients with TV100DVH-based dose (tissue volume encompassed by the 100% isodose) ¿ 84 Gy (p < 0.01). In Previously Irradiated cases, WHC, ORN and ND occurred in 63.3%, 3.3% and 23.3%. Multivariate analysis showed that WHC was more frequent in patients with Skin2cm3Lifetime EQD2 ¿ 84 Gy (p = 0.01) and ND was more frequent after CTVD90 Physical Doses ¿ 40 Gy (p < 0.01).
Conclusions: WHC in Previously Unirradiated patients can be minimized by using a more conservative CTV definition together with a meticulous implant technique and planning aimed to minimize hyperdose CTV2cm3 areas. In Previously Irradiated patients WHC may be mimimized considering Lifetime EQD2 Skin2cm3 doses. ORN can be reduced by using the Bone2cm3 EQD2 constraint. ND occurs more frequently in patients with large tumors receiving high treated volume doses, but no specific constraints can be recommended due to the lack of peripheral nerve definition during brachytherapy planning.
Objective: The aim of the study is to describe the morphology associated with the development of osteoarthritis (OA) in three different age groups. These data will contribute to defining the morphology associated with early and late hip OA. Methods: We studied 400 hips in 377 patients who had undergone primary THA due to idiopathic OA. Three groups were compared: group 1 (n = 147), younger patients, aged up to 60 years; group 2 (n = 155), patients aged between 61 and 74 years; and group 3 (n = 98), aged 75 or over. Five independent researchers measured the hip angles and the mean values were used to build a database. Results: No differences between groups in sex distribution and BMI were detected. Less coverage of the head (extrusion index), higher Tonnis angle, lower Wiberg and alpha angles characterized early OA hips. These differences increased with age, being greater between group 2 and group 3 (p < 0.01). However, significant differences were still present in the comparison between group 1 and group 2 (p < 0.01)). No differences were detected between group 2 and group 3. Conclusion: Elevated acetabular angle, head extrusion and decreased Wiberg angle characterize hip osteoarthritis at younger ages and should be the focus of hip preservation surgery in terms of osteoarthritis prevention. Pincer-type FAI (higher Wiberg and lower Tonnis angle) and higher alpha angle (CAM) are correlated with the development of later OA. These results shed doubt on applying the hip preservation surgery concept in terms of osteoarthritis prevention in FAI, especially in Pincer-type FAI patients.
Several studies have shown that double mobility (DM) cups reduce postoperative dislocations. Does the cemented dual mobility cup reduce dislocations in a specific cohort of elder patients with a high dislocation risk? Our hypothesis is that this implant is optimal for elder patients because it reduces early dislocation. We have retrospectively reviewed elder patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA) with cemented double mobility cup between March 2009 and January 2018. The inclusion criteria were patients (>75 years) who were operated on for primary THA (osteoarthritis or necrosis) with a cemented dual mobility cup and a high-risk instability (at least two patient-dependent risk factors for instability). The exclusion criteria were revision surgeries or hip fracture. In all the cases, the same surgical approach was performed with a Watson Jones modified approach in supine position. We have collected demographic data, instability risk factors. Patients were classified using the Devane's score, Merle d'Aubigne score and the patient's likelihood of falling with the Morse Fall Scale. Surgical and follow-up complications were collected from their medical history. Sixty-eight arthroplasties (68 patients) were included in the study. The median age was 81.7 years (SD 6.4), and the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score showed a distribution: II 27.94%, III 63.24% and IV 8.82%. Devane's score was less than five in all of the cases. At least two patient-dependent risk factors for instability (87% had three or more) were present in each case. The median follow-up time was 49.04 months (SD 22.6). Complications observed were two cases of infection and one case of aseptic loosening at 15 months which required revision surgery. We did not observe any prosthetic dislocation. The cemented dual mobility cup is an excellent surgical option on primary total hip arthroplasties for elder patients with high-risk instability.
Nacionales y Regionales
Periostio mimético: mecanismos de reparación ósea y potencial terapéutico
Código de expediente:
Froilán Granero Moltó
INSTITUTO DE SALUD CARLOS III
2020 AES Proyectos de investigación
Fecha de inicio: