Nuestros investigadores

Enrique Baquero Martín

Biología Ambiental
Facultad de Ciencias. Universidad de Navarra
Máster en Biodiversidad, Paisajes y Gestión Sostenible
Facultad de Ciencias. Universidad de Navarra
Líneas de investigación
Taxonomía del grupo Collembola; Taxonomy of Collembola taxon (Arthropoda, Hexapoda, Insecta), Biología Aplicada, Zoología Aplicada; Applied Biology, Applied Zoology
Índice H
13, (Google Scholar, 16/10/2020)
8, (WoS, 16/10/2020)
8, (Scopus, 16/10/2020)

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Baquero Martín, Enrique (Autor de correspondencia); Ledesma, E.; et al.
ISSN 0044-5231  Vol. 285  2020  págs. 81 - 96
The material for this study was obtained after intensive sampling in the colluvial milieu souterrain superficiel (mesovoid shallow substratum, or MSS) of the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park using 33 subterranean sampling devices (SSD). The data were obtained from the first extraction of the traps between May and October of 2015. This paper presents the results for the Poduromorpha taxon, which was part of the total Collembola captured. Of the 17 species captured in this study, 11 had previously been cited in Guadarrama, four are new references, and two new species. Friesea ortunoi Jordana and Baquero sp. nov. is characterised as having seven eyes, tibiotarsus as having one clavate chaetae and only two spiniform chaetae on Abd VI. Schaefferia sendrai Jordana and Baquero sp. nov. is characterised as having six eyes, seven sensilla on Ant IV, a bi- or tri-lobed apical vesicle on the antennal tip, claws with internal tooth and lateral (posterior) tooth, dens with six chaetae and retinaculum with 5 + 4 teeth (asymmetrically). Based on the results of the study of the group of species of Xenylla Tullberg, 1869 that appeared, Xenylla xavieri Gama, 1959 is separated from Xenylla lotharingiae Thibaud, 1963 and a brief description of the latter is provided. The comparative study of the Schaefferia Absolon, 1900 species related to the new species found in the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park led to the description of two new species: Schaefferia fjellbergi Jordana and Baquero sp. nov. and Schaefferia babenkoi Jordana and Baquero sp. nov., accepting the previous descriptions. The mesovoid shallow substratum (MSS) was revealed as an important habitat for the richness of the Collembola species. Furthermore, the findings showed the value of MSS as an indicator of the richness of the Collembola species. As many as 3000-4000 specimens were gathered in one sample device SSD. Among all specimens, the most abundant was Hypogastrura meridionalis Steiner, 1955 (77.7 %) and the least abundant was Xenylla schillei Borner, 1903 (11.5 %). (C) 2020 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Autores: Ledesma, E., (Autor de correspondencia); Jimenez-Valverde, A., (Autor de correspondencia); Baquero Martín, Enrique; et al.
Revista: ZOOLOGY
ISSN 0944-2006  Vol. 141  2020  págs. 1 - 8
The determinants of biodiversity patterns in the subterranean habitat called Mesovoid Shallow Substratum (MSS) are not well-understood. In this study, thirty-three scree slopes at high altitudes were selected across the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park in central Spain to investigate the effect of ten environmental variables on the abundance and species diversity of the spider and springtail assemblages from the colluvial MSS. In each locality, a multiperforated PVC tube with a pitfall trap inside was buried up to 1 m deep, and generalized linear models and Mantel tests were used to analyze the effect of mainly climate- and habitat-related variables on the diversity patterns of both taxa. A total of 1143 individual spiders belonging to 54 species and 40 811 springtail individuals belonging to 62 species were collected. The analyses indicated that cold temperatures and the presence of forest cover on the surface significantly enhance richness and abundance in the two taxa. Environmental similarity also had a small positive effect on faunistic similarity. However, the effects of temperature and habitat detected on spider richness and abundance were stronger than on springtails, whereas the reverse was found regarding faunistic similarity. These results indicate that subterranean dwellers respond differently to the same environmental factors, which in turn, points to a different degree of affinity for the MSS.
Autores: Martín Gómez, César; Zuazua Ros, Amaia; Bermejo-Busto, J.; et al.
ISSN 2095-2635  Vol. 8  Nº 1  2019  págs. 17 - 31
The strategies for thermal regulation and environmental control found in nature are countless. In this article, a parallelism between animals and building energy systems is defined in order to identify and emphasize the immediate opportunities that biomimicry offers for future research. The motivation was the need to find alternative solutions to tackle problems mainly in the efficiency of heating, ventilation and cooling systems. Due to the wide range of possibilities offered by animals, this study is largely limited to the strategies that cold-blooded animals have developed through evolutionary adaptation to the environment. The method used for the analysis is based on a solution-based approach. Firstly, different animal thermoregulation strategies are defined (biological domain). Then the strategy is analyzed and classified into three categories. This classification is essential in order to formulate the parallelism with building systems (transfer phase). The final step is to identify the potential implementation (technological domain). This approach has been seen to be useful in creating new research opportunities based on biomimicry. In addition, suitable solutions arising from multidisciplinary team research are presented as promising answers to the challenges that building energy systems face nowadays.
Autores: Vedia Jiménez, Iván; Almeida, D.; Rodeles, A. A.; et al.
Revista: WATER
ISSN 2073-4441  Vol. 11  Nº 3  2019  págs. 1 - 17
The signal crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus Dana, 1852 is a successful invasive species in the Iberian Peninsula. This is of particular conservation concern, as fish fauna is highly endemic and also threatened within this ecoregion. The aim of this study was to analyze behavioral interactions and trophic overlap between signal crayfish and native fishes in Iberian rivers (northern Spain). Video cameras were used to record fish "dominance/evasion" after spatial encounters with crayfish. Diet composition and isotopic signatures (¿13C and ¿15N) were compared to evaluate the niche overlap. Fish were dominant in 25% of the encounters with juvenile crayfish, whereas this percentage was only 4% with adult crayfish. Observations showed a high fish "evasion" response for Pyrenean stone loach Barbatula quignardi (B¿cescu-Me¿ter, 1967) (>30%). Dietary results showed a high trophic overlap between signal crayfish with the pelagic Pyrenean minnow Phoxinus bigerri Kottelat, 2007 and the benthic loach. However, the isotopic niche overlap was low, with brown trout Salmo trutta L., 1758 showing the highest area (only 0.1 ¿2). Overall, our findings suggest that interferences may occur with native species for food (i.e., benthic invertebrates). Consequently, measures should be applied to control invasive crayfish in Iberian rivers.
Autores: Galicia Paredes, David (Autor de correspondencia); Amezcua Martínez, Ana Belén; Baquero Martín, Enrique; et al.
ISSN 2535-0897  Vol. 3  2019  págs. 1 - 2
In business, the "long-tail economy" refers to a market strategy where the gravity center shifts from a few high-demand products to many, varied products focused on small niches. Commercialization of individually low-demand products can be profitable as long as their production cost is low and, all taken together, they aggregate into a big chunk of the market. Similarly, in the "business" of biodiversity data acquisition, we can find several mainstream products that produce zillions of bits of information every year and account for most of the budget allocated to increase our primary data-based knowledge about Earth's biological diversity. These products play a crucial role in biodiversity research. However, along with these large global projects, there is a constellation of small-scale institutions that work locally, but whose contribution to our understanding of natural processes should not be dismissed. These information datasets can be collectively referred to as the "long-tail biodiversity data".
Autores: Cipola, N.G.; Arbea, J.; Baquero Martín, Enrique; et al.
Revista: ZOOTAXA
ISSN 1175-5326  Vol. 4458  Nº 1  2018  págs. 1 - 66
Here we present a survey of Seira fauna from Iberian Peninsula and Canary Islands, including the description of three new species from Spain: Seira barrai sp. nov., Seira betica sp. nov. and Seira burgersi sp. nov., the latter with unprece-dented antennal morphology for Seira. Five species from Western Europe are redescribed and their dorsal detailed chaetotaxy is revealed for the first time: S. domestica (Nicolet), S. dinizi Gama, S. ferrarii Parona, S. mantis Zeppelini & Bellini and S. pini Jordana & Arbea, the first two from type locality, and the latter two based on analysis of the type material. A note on chaetal interpretation of the first abdominal segment for Seira is presented. An identification key to 31 species with known dorsal chaetotaxy from Western Palearctic region is also provided, including a discussion on dense macrochaetotaxy present in Palearctic and Oriental species and its reduction in species from others biogeographic regions.
Autores: Elizalde Gaztea, X.; Baquero Martín, Enrique; Biurrun Aramayo, R.; et al.
ISSN 1131-8988  Vol. 296  2018  págs. 38 - 41
El control biológico es un proceso por el cual se reduce la presencia e incidencia de las plagas en los cultivos a través de la acción de organismos beneficiosos, los cuales depredan, parasitan o infectan a los organismos nocivos. Una banda florida es una formación vegetal lineal que se ubica junto al cultivo y que está compuesta por varias especies con una gran capacidad de producir flores. Su finalidad es atraer y aportar alimento a los insectos polinizadores, depredadores y parasitoides con el objetivo de conseguir una mejor polinización y potenciar el control biológico de plagas en los cultivos próximos. El control biológico es un proceso por el cual se reduce la presencia e incidencia de las plagas en los cultivos a través de la acción de organismos beneficiosos, los cuales depredan, parasitan o infectan a los organismos nocivos. Una banda florida es una formación vegetal lineal que se ubica junto al cultivo y que está compuesta por varias especies con una gran capacidad de producir flores. Su finalidad es atraer y aportar alimento a los insectos polinizadores, depredadores y parasitoides con el objetivo de conseguir una mejor polinización y potenciar el control biológico de plagas en los cultivos próximos.
Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique; Jordana Butticaz, Rafael
Revista: ZOOTAXA
ISSN 1175-5326  Vol. 4461  Nº 2  2018  págs. 151 - 195
This paper examines a single genus of springtails (Collembola, Entomobryidae, Entomobrya) across the Canary Islands archipelago. A great sampling effort carried out more than 20 years ago, and over several years, allows us to present the distribution of the genus with the presence of 17 species, some better represented by their abundance than others. In addition to some species present in continental Europe or elsewhere in the world, or those already reported for the Canary Islands (e.g., E. multifasciata (Tullberg, 1871), E. nigrocincta Denis, 1923, E. palmensis Jordana & Baquero, 2010, E. quinquelineata Börner, 1901 and E. unostrigata Stach, 1930), 12 new species have been detected and described, representing 71% of the total species found. All new species have been named in honour of important persons to the history of the Canary Islands, including some leaders. A combination of colouring patterns and other morphological characteristics that are easy to observe in most specimens (Katz et al. 2015a, b) have been used for the identification of the specimens, as is usual for the genus (Christiansen 1958), in addition to the dorsal macrochaetotaxy formula proposed by Jordana & Baquero (2005). Without this formula, many specimens could not have been identified or distinguished from already described species because the colourations ¿in many cases¿show ranges so broad as not to be diagnostic. In some species, the range of colouration can range from totally clear to totally dark,
Autores: Barjadze , S; Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Baquero Martín, Enrique; et al.
Revista: ZOOTAXA
ISSN 1175-5326  Vol. 4526  Nº 1  2018  págs. 29 - 40
Two new species of Plutomurus, P. pichkhaiai sp. nov. from Garakha and Letsurtsume caves and P. shurubumuensis sp. nov. from Shurubumu Cave (Chkhorotsku district, Western Georgia) are described, and illustrated. The new species are very similar to P. kelasuricus from the Tsebelda karst massif formation in Apkhazeti, Georgia, but differ in having two inner spine-like chaetae on the inner edge of the hind tibiotarsus (only one in P. kelasuricus) and in occupying different, isolated cave formations separated by a geographic distance of nearly a 100 km. A key to the species of Plutomurus with 6 prelabral chaetae is provided.
Autores: Seminario-Córdova, R.; Baquero Martín, Enrique; Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; et al.
Revista: ZOOTAXA
ISSN 1175-5326  Vol. 4532  Nº 1  2018  págs. 44 - 56
This paper documents the collembolan fauna of the Campanet cave, in the province of Mallorca (Balearic Islands). Sampling was carried out using pitfall traps baited with beer and checked every 15 days. The cave fauna included the following species: Coecobrya tenebricosa, Disparrhopalites patrizi, Entomobrya pazaristei, Neelus murinus and Dicyrtomina ornata. In addition, two new species were found and are described here: Pseudosinella grauae sp. nov. and Oncopodura siquierae sp. nov. The former is characterised by an unpigmented body, eyes absent, dorsal chaetotaxy R0R1R2001/31/0101+2, with accessory chaeta `s¿ on Abd IV; all claws with three teeth; posterior chaetae on labial triangle as M1, M2, r, E, L1, L2, all ciliated except for r, a smooth microchaetae and smooth remaining anterior labial chaetae. O. siquierae sp. nov is typified by an unpigmented body; eyes absent; PAO as a single small vesicle; Ant IV with four distal leaf¿shaped sensilla and a basal pointed cylindrical chaeta; dens with one proximal inner spine, one distal inner tooth and a large disto-external hook¿like spine; and mucro with four teeth, the basal one distinctly pointed.
Autores: Bermejo-Busto, J.; Martín Gómez, César; Zuazua Ros, Amaia; et al.
ISSN 0378-7788  Vol. 134  2017  págs. 25 - 36
Finding new solutions for energy recovery in buildings is crucial to diminish the energy consumption. Some proposals may unveil innovative products to solve this challenge. However, reinventing and reformulating the configuration of available solutions might be another way to find an inventive answer to the energetic problem. The main aim of this article is to check if several cores connected in a cascade layout and installed in two different rooms can provide a better performance making use of energy from exhaust air. This study was inspired by the rete mirabile of tuna. This strategy proposed by nature has been translated into building services. Thanks to this reinterpretation, a new configuration of heat recovery ventilators (HRVs) has been simulated with CFD software. The results obtained show that up to 44.5% of energy could be saved with the new configuration making it a promising solution and a foreseeable application for energy recovery in buildings.
Autores: Sendra, A.; Jiménez-Valverde, A.; Gilgado, J. D.; et al.
Revista: ZOOTAXA
ISSN 1175-5326  Vol. 4291  Nº 1  2017  págs. 61 - 80
Although Iberian subsurface terrestrial habitats have been sampled for a half century, they remain poorly known. During the last five years much more sampling of these subsurface habitats has been made, mainly in scree slopes (also called colluvial Mesovoid Shallow Substratum habitats, MSS) but also in alluvial debris of temporal watercourses (alluvial MSS). In our study, diplurans, a basal hexapod group, were extracted from two hundred traps installed in 69 locations in the mountain ranges of six different regions of the Iberian Peninsula, from north to south: Cantabrian, Pyrenees, Iberic System, Central System, Prebaetic and Penibaetic Mountains. A total of 1251 specimens in fifteen dipluran species: thirteen described Campodeidae, one described Japygidae and one new Campodea species inhabiting the alluvial MSS habitats of the watercourses of Prebaetic Mountains. A few populations of these dipluran species show troglobiomorphic features as a consequence of the mediumsized voids of the MSS habitats, such as Campodea grassii Silvestri, 1912, collected in a scree slope connected with a deep subterranean system in Penyas Roset, Prebaetic Mountains. Most species found in MSS habitats are endogean or epiedaphic species living in the area, but this is not the case in Sierra de Guadarrama, where three species (Campodea propinqua Silvestri, 1932, Campodea neusae Sendra & Moreno, 2006 and Campodea zuluetai Silvestri, 1932) unknown in the soil of these mountains have appeared in these
Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique (Autor de correspondencia); Ledesma, E.; Gilgado, J. D.; et al.
Revista: PLOS ONE
ISSN 1932-6203  Vol. 12  Nº 12  2017  págs. e0189205
Two new species of the genus Orchesella Templeton, 1836 have been identified following intensive sampling in the Colluvial Milieu Souterrain Superficiel (Mesovoid Shallow Substratum, or MSS) of the Sierra de Guadarrama using Subterranean Sampling Devices (SSD). The data were obtained from the first extraction of the traps between May and October of 2015. During a study of the Collembola taxon, 32 different genera (61 species) were identified. The highest representative genus presence in almost all traps was Orchesella, with two new species. One of the two species described had been misidentified until this study was carried out, indicating that their preferential habitat had not been sampled; the second species had never been identified. The community of the Orchesella species in the Colluvial MSS was investigated, leading to the conclusion that this environment has its own assemblage of characteristic species. The opportunity to study specimens that belong to five species of the genus Orchesella, including three previously recollected, has allowed for obtaining reliable information regarding their macrochaetotaxy. A part of this chaetotaxy is proposed as a useful diagnostic tool for the species of the genus. In conclusion, it can be affirmed that this study has demonstrated that the Colluvial Mesovoid Shallow Substratum (Colluvial MSS) has its own fauna, and it supports the hypothesis that it constitutes a new biotope, at least for Collembola.
Autores: Vedia Jiménez, Iván; Galicia Paredes, David; Baquero Martín, Enrique; et al.
ISSN 1323-1650  Vol. 68  Nº 5  2017  págs. 900 - 908
The identification of habitat requirements of invasive species is essential to evaluate their spread and to assess the vulnerability of recipient ecosystems. We studied the distribution and abundance of the invasive signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) in 43 sites in northern Spain and analysed the relationships with several abiotic and biotic parameters of the aquatic ecosystems. Our results indicated that the abundance of signal crayfish was positively associated with vegetation cover and negatively associated with boulders. Also, its abundance was positively correlated with water temperature, organic matter, cations (e.g. sodium), anions (e.g. sulfates) and abundance of some native fish species (Parachondrostoma miegii and Luciobarbus graellsii). We concluded that the habitat of signal crayfish is among salmonid stretches (headwaters) with cold waters and low proportion of organic debris, and among cyprinid stretches (low waters) with warmer waters which it inhabits with another invasive crayfish, the red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii). Our analysis indicated that the presence of signal crayfish is limited in the uppermost stretches by lower water temperatures and a lower proportion of organic debris. The existence of a natural environmental limiting factor in upstream reaches facilitates the conservation of aquatic ecosystems and native fauna.
Autores: Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Barranco, P.; Amezcua Martínez, Ana Belén; et al.
ISSN 1280-9551  Vol. 39  Nº 1  2017  págs. 103 - 115
Two new species of cavernicolous Collembola belonging to genera Pygmarrhopalites Vargovitsh, 2009 and Pseudosinella Schäffer, 1897 from ¿Cueva del Saliente¿ (Almería, Spain) are described: Pygmarrhopalites crepidinis Jordana & Baquero, n. sp. is characterized by trichobothria A, B and C forming a straight line towards posterior end; Ant. IV with five subsegments; all claws with inner tooth, all empodia with corner tooth, and empodial filaments surpassing tip of corresponding claw; anterior lobe of tenaculum with two apical chaetae; dens with 3, 2, 1,¿, 1 anterior chaetae, and one external posterior spine. Pseudosinella najtae Jordana & Baquero, n. sp. is characterized by the absence of eyes; chaetotaxy R0R1R2011/10/0100+2, Abd. IV accessory chaeta s absent, all claws with four teeth, paired teeth at different level (41 and 52% of claw length from basis), all empodia with serrate external edge, labrum with all chaetae ciliated; labium posterior without M1, with M2rEL1L2, r smooth microchaetae; remaining of labial chaetae (both posterior and anterior) ciliated. In addition one other species was found in the same cave: Troglopedetes absoloni (Bonet, 1931). The explorations of this cave have been carried out by the second author. The ¿Cueva del Saliente¿ is part of a study on cave fauna in Andalusia. In this cave a total of 4453 specimens (38 taxa) have been captured during an annual sampling period (October 2012 to August 2013).
Autores: Zuazua Ros, Amaia (Autor de correspondencia); Martín Gómez, César; Bermejo-Busto, Javier; et al.
ISSN 1996-3599  Vol. 9  Nº 3  2016  págs. 343 - 357
This paper is comprehended in the study of the application of the biomimicry science in building services and energy management, taking as a reference the case of tuna. Tuna generates heat in the muscles, organs and tissues of the inner area of its body (dark muscles). This heat is distributed in the periphery in order to maintain constant body temperature. From this biological reality, researchers analyse the possibility of altering the heating demand of an office on the basis of the heat conservation strategy applied by tuna, merely modifying the working-spaces. For this purpose, an existing office building with high architectonical quality parameters has been chosen and different scenarios have been defined in order to perform the energy simulations. The case studies correspond to the variations in the floor layout and occupancy density distribution. Besides, they are studied in three European cities with different climate. The evaluation of results is mainly focused on the heating demand since tuna strategy comprises the heat management. It is shown that the arrangement of high thermal load locals affects the heating demand of the building, being more efficient the tuna distribution in order to lower the demand.
Autores: Vedia Jiménez, Iván; Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael; Oscoz Escudero, Javier; et al.
ISSN 2044-2041  Vol. 6  Nº 1  2016  págs. 54 - 64
Environmental conditions and host features that influence the abundance of an exotic branchiobdellidan were studied. One of the most widespread invasive crayfish species in Europe is the signal crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana, 1825). Along with this invasive crayfish, other alien species that live on the crayfish¿s body surface, such as bacteria, algae, fungi and invertebrates, were introduced. One of these symbiont species is a branchiobdellidan worm, Xironogiton victoriensis (Gelder and Hall, 1990). Because a previous study identified this exotic branchiobdellidan in 3 different and spatially separate populations of the red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852), an investigation into the factors affecting its abundance was necessary. We sampled 1817 sites between 2005 and 2013 in the Ebro Basin (Spain), and the distributions of X. victoriensis and P. leniusculus were represented and interpreted. Furthermore, we sampled 2914 crayfish from 43 Spanish localities to investigate the influence of environmental conditions and host features (sex, body size, body condition, density and ecdysis) on the abundance of X. victoriensis. The abundance of the branchiobdellidan was higher in the largest individuals and in those showing the best body condition. The crayfish body condition (or welfare) increased significantly with the branchiobdellidan infestation, suggesting that mutualism is the biological relationship between X. victoriensis and P. leniusculus. Although 91.04% of the adult signal crayfish were infested with X. victoriensis, only 59.3% of the juveniles were infested. Nonmolted crayfish had higher branchiobdellidan abundance than that of recently molted host specimens; however, the abundance of the symbiont did not differ between sexes and host densities. Finally, biochemical oxygen demand, phosphates, coliforms, and potassium were positively related with the branchiobdellidan abundance. The relationships between some environmental variables and the abundance of branchiobdellidans have not been previously well studied, and these findings will be important for risk assessments and models predicting the spread of exotic branchiobdellidans.
Autores: Barjadze, S.; Baquero Martín, Enrique; Soto-Adames, F.N.; et al.
Revista: ZOOTAXA
ISSN 1175-5326  Vol. 4126  Nº 1  2016  págs. 77 - 96
Two new species of the genus Plutomurus, P. revazi sp. nov. from Prometheus and Satsurblia caves and P. eristoi sp. nov. from Satevzia Cave are described, illustrated and differentiated from other morphologically closely related species. A high variability in the number of teeth in the claw, unguiculus and mucro of P. revazi sp. nov. demonstrate that these characters are not useful for species diagnosis. However, dorsal chaetotaxy was shown to be stable character for this purpose. Analysis of DNA sequences for the COI and 28S genes is congruent with species-level groups delimited by chaetotaxy, and provide additional support for chaetotaxy as the most reliable morphological character system to distinguish species in Plutomurus. A key to species of the genus Plutomurus found in Georgia is provided, which for the first time includes characters of the macrochaetotaxy.
Autores: Bermejo Busto, Javier; Martín Gómez, César; Zuazua Ros, Amaia; et al.
Revista: DYNA (ESPAÑA)
ISSN 0012-7361  Vol. 91  Nº 5  2016  págs. 507 - 511
The article proposes new ways of work to redesign previous Peltier cells prototypes using biomimetic methodologies. Biomimicry can be a source of fresh ideas to solve contemporary problems. Also in terms of energy saving and efficiency, animals can be of aid. Ectotherms, animals that depend on external factors to be in a range of `living temperature¿, have developed strategies to survive and adjust their metabolism regarding the environment and weather conditions. Social insects are ectotherm animals. One specimen of these species cannot be autonomous and would die if he is out of his nest for a long or even short time. Previous studies made about bees behaviour in beehives show up an automated and accurate work to maintain nest temperature. Strategies such as the heat shield or stigmergy have been translated to obtain better control of the air cavity and a decentralized computational control of the equipment.
Autores: Elizalde Gaztea, X.; Biurrun Aramayo, R.; Baquero Martín, Enrique; et al.
ISSN 1131-8988  Vol. 270  2015  págs. 13 - 13
Históricamente su principal plaga es la mosca de la cereza, Rhagoletis cerasi, principalmente en el vallle de Etxauri. En 2011 se detecta por primera vez la presencia de adultos de D. suzukii en "MercaIruña", una central de abastos de fruta en Pamplona.
Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique (Autor de correspondencia); Jordana Butticaz, Rafael
ISSN 2386-7183  Vol. 36  2015  págs. 1 - 11
Se presenta el Taxón Collembola (Arthropoda, Hexapoda). Los colémbolos tienen algunas características que nos permiten aparentemente reconocerlos como insectos salvo por la ausencia de alas y la presencia de apéndices abdominales (quedará claro más adelante que los colémbolos no son insectos, sino una Clase al nivel de los Insecta dentro de la Superclase Hexapoda, incluida a su vez en el Subphylum Pancrustacea, Phylum Arthropoda, Superphylum Ecdysozoa).
Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique; Mandal, G.; Jordana Butticaz, Rafael
Revista: ZOOTAXA
ISSN 1175-5326  Vol. 4027  Nº 1  2015  págs. 1 - 41
Collections made during March-April, 2010, October-November, 2010 and 2011 from different districts of Himachal Pradesh, India, by the Apterygota section of the Zoological Survey of India contained new species of Entomobryoidea. Localities sampled were Solan, Shimla, Kullu, Bilaspur, Kagra, Chamba and Sirmaur districts of Himachal Pradesh. Collections were mainly made using an aspirator from leaf litter, mosses, under stones, flowering garden plants and river embankments, wetlands and rotting logs. Sixteen species were found, belonging to genera: Entomobrya, Himalanura, Homidia, Sinella, Willowsia, Lepidocyrtus (Acrocyrtus), Lepidocyrtus (Cinctocyrtus), Seira, Drepanosira and Salina. Twelve of these have been described as new species.
Autores: Vedia Jiménez, Iván; Oscoz Escudero, Javier; Rueda, J.; et al.
ISSN 2044-2041  Vol. 5  Nº 1  2015  págs. 89 - 92
Invasive alien species present a global threat to biodiversity, particularly where pathogens and symbionts are involved. Branchiobdellidans are clitellate annelids with an obligate ectosymbiotic association primarily on astacoidean crayfish. There are several examples of branchiobdellidan species adopting a geographically exotic host where endemic and exotic crayfishes cohabit the same water body. The first records of a western North American branchiobdellidan, Xironogiton victoriensis, adopting the eastern North American crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, in 2 river basins in Spain provide further evidence of the ectosymbionts¿ tolerance to adopt an exotic host. Given worldwide translocations of these and other commercial crayfish species, limnologists and agency managers need to be alert for further introductions of X. victoriensis and other branchiobdellidans. Impacts of these exotic ectosymbionts on habitat and biota at a new location are unknown, as are their consequences on native biodiversity.
Autores: Guadarrama Cetina, José Manuel; Mongruel, A.; Medici, M.-G. ; et al.
ISSN 1292-8941  Vol. 37  Nº 11  2014  págs. 109
Some tenebrionind beetles inhabiting the Namib desert are known for using their body to collect water droplets from wind-blown fogs. We aim to determine whether dew water collection is also possible for desert insects. For this purpose, we investigated the infra-red emissivity, and the wetting and structural properties, of the surface of the elytra of a preserved specimen of Physasterna cribripes (Tenebrionidæ) beetle, where the macro-structure appears as a series of ¿bumps¿, with ¿valleys¿ between them. Dew formation experiments were carried out in a condensation chamber. The surface properties (infra-red emissivity, wetting properties) were dominated by the wax at the elytra surface and, to a lower extent, its micro-structure. We performed scanning electron microscope on histological sections and determined the infra-red emissivity using a scanning pyrometer. The emissivity measured (0.95±0.07 between 8¿14¿m) was close to the black body value. Dew formation occurred on the insect¿s elytra, which can be explained by these surface properties. From the surface coverage of the condensed drops it was found that dew forms primarily in the valleys between the bumps. The difference in droplet nucleation rate between bumps and valleys can be attributed to the hexagonal microstructure on the surface of the valleys, whereas the surface of the bumps is smooth. The drops can slide when they reach a critical size, and be collected at the insect's mouth.
Autores: Soto-Adames, F. N.; Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Baquero Martín, Enrique
ISSN 1536-2442  Vol. 14  Nº 1  2014  págs. 278
Genera in subfamily Paronellinae have been grouped into five tribes, in part based on chaetotaxy. Tribes Bromacanthini, Paronellini, and Troglopedetini are characterized by having rounded scales and reduced or no macrochaetae, and although Bromacanthini harbors two well-differentiated genera, the core genera in tribes Paronellini and Troglopedetini form a homogeneous group where even generic diagnoses were, until recently, unclear. The genera assigned to Troglopedetini (Troglopedetes Absolon, Trogolaphysa Mills, and Cyphoderopsis Carpenter) harbor many species with reduced eyes number, whereas the tribe Paronellini (genera Paronella Schött, Dicranocentruga Wray and Campylothorax Schött) includes species with 6¿8 eyes. Recent analyses of the chaetotaxy of Trogolaphysa and Cyphoderopsis suggest that these genera represent specialized forms related to species in Paronellini. The taxonomy of Troglopedetes, the type genus of Troglopedetini, is based almost exclusively on claw and mucro shape and dorsal macrochaetae pattern, and few details of the complete dorsal chaetotaxy of the species are known. This contribution presents a comparative analysis of the complete dorsal chaetotaxy of two species of Troglopedetes from Spain (one new to science), two new species of Trogolaphysa from the Dominican Republic and Martinique, and Campylothorax sabanus with the purpose of identifying aspects of the chaetotaxy that could provide diagnostic characters for the separation of Trogolaphysa and Troglopedetes, and a new diagnosis for tribe Troglopedetini. The analysis shows that neither the number of chaetae nor its organization or pattern of macrochaeta provides diagnostic differences between Trogolaphysa and Troglopedetes. It is also concluded that the separation of Paronellini and Troglopedetini is not justified. Troglopedetini is here synonymized with Paronellini, and a new diagnosis of Paronellini is provided.
Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique; Mangal, G.; Jordana Butticaz, Rafael
ISSN 0015-4040  Vol. 97  Nº 4  2014  págs. 1554 - 1587
The present study of collembolan fauna is based on collections made during Aug-Sep 2008 from Ladakh district of Jammu and Kashmir, India, as a part of the "Cold Desert Expedition" of Zoological Survey of India. Ladakh, which means "land of many passes", is in northwestern India, bordering on China (Xinjiang and Tibet), and on its northwest it borders on Pakistan. The collembolans were collected from different parts of Ladakh district. The collections were mainly made through aspirators from leaf litter, mosses, under stones, a flower garden, agricultural fields, an embankment of a river, wetland and sand dunes. For the genera Corynothrix and Himalanura, an artic-alpine disjunction was found. Lepidocyrtus (Allocyrtus) lepidornatus was referred for a third time after 2 previous references from Philippines and Borneo. Seven new species belonging to Entomobryidae family are described: Entomobrya diskitensis sp. nov., E. ladakhi sp. nov., E. choudhurii sp. nov., E. mehtai sp. nov., Himalanura baijali sp. nov., Seira nidarensis sp. nov. and S. hazrai sp. nov.
Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique; Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Mandal, G.
ISSN 1864-6417  Vol. 85  Nº 3  2013  págs. 171 - 180
During preparation of `Capbryinae & Entomobryini¿ (Jordana 2012) for the series Synopses on Palaearctic Collembola (Volume 7, Part 1), many specimens were studied from museums within and outside the study area. Even so some important collections could either not be found or borrowed at the time. One was the Baijal¿s collection,which was rediscovered in the Zoological Survey of India. In the present paper we present the results of our examination of paratypes of the four species of Entomobryadescribed by this author from the Indian Himalayan region. The original descriptions of these species were limited but adequate for that time, and the age of the specimens did not allow observation of all the details necessary for a complete description as currently required, including macrochaetotaxy. Here descriptions of these species are given in more detail , especially regarding the distribution of the macrochaetotaxy, currently considered necessary for the identification of species. The species studied are: Entomobrya kultinalensis Baijal, 1958, Entomobrya longistictaBaijal, 1958, Entomobrya nigrita Baijal, 1958 and Entomobryarohtangensis Baijal, 1958.
Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique
ISSN 1134-6094  Nº 51  2012  págs. 370
Autores: Santamaría Ulecia, Jesús Miguel; Moraza Zorrilla, María Lourdes; Elustondo Valencia, David; et al.
ISSN 1582-9596  Vol. 11  Nº 6  2012  págs. 1159 - 1169
Mites and springtails are important members of soil mesofauna and have been proven to be good bioindicators of airborne pollutants. We studied the surrounding area of a steel mill located in a mountain valley of North Spain. Previous studies had documented the existence of a pollution gradient in this area due to the emissions of the factory, thus providing an interesting site to investigate the potential effects of pollutants (heavy metals and nitrogen) on soil biodiversity. The density of Acari and Collembola significantly decreased with the increase in concentration of Cr, Mn, Zn, Cd and Pb. Mites appeared to be more sensitive to heavy metal pollution than springtails. Likewise, the density of these microarthropoda was lower in those soils exhibiting higher nitrogen content. The species composition of the community of Acari and Collembola changed according to heavy metal pollution. Significant differences in abundance, species richness and diversity were observed between the communities of the sampling sites. Some species were exclusive of the less polluted sites, while other appeared in the most contaminated ones. This different response of soil mesofauna to pollutants suggests that some mite or springtail species could be used as bioindicators of heavy metal pollution.
Autores: Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Fadrique, F.; Baquero Martín, Enrique
Revista: Zootaxa (Print Edition)
ISSN 1175-5326  Nº 3502  2012  págs. 49 - 71
Three new species of cavernicolous Collembola belonging to genera Pygmarrhopalites and Oncopodura from five caves at El Maestrazgo (Teruel, Spain) are described: Pygmarrhopalites maestrazgoensis sp. nov., P. cantavetulae sp. nov. and Oncopodura fadriquei Jordana & Baquero sp. nov. In addition five other species have been found in the same caves: Heteromurus nitidus (Templeton, 1836), Pseudosinella encrusae Gisin & Gama, 1969 (second record of the species), Megalothorax minimus Willem, 1900, Protaphorura aconae Arbea & Jordana 1994 (second record of the species), and Schaefferia decemoculata (Stach, 1939) (sensu: Thibaud 1970). The explorations of cave fauna in these cavities has been carried out by the "Associacio Catalana de Bioespeleologia" under the sponsorship of CEMAT (Centro de Estudios del Maestrazgo Turolense).
Autores: Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Baquero Martín, Enrique; Reboleira, S.; et al.
Revista: Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews
ISSN 1874-9828  Vol. 5  Nº 1  2012  págs. 35 - 85
Autores: Santolamazza, S.; Baquero Martín, Enrique; Cordero, A.
ISSN 1343-8786  Vol. 14  Nº 3  2011  págs. 366 - 369
Very little is known about the incidence of egg parasitoids in odonates, perhaps because Odonata eggs are well protected by stems or leaves, sometimes below water. In Central Italy (Pontecorvo, Frosinone Province) two damselflies, Calopteryx haemorrhoidalis and Platycnemis pennipes, occur in high densities. In August 2007 we collected 30 stems of the aquatic plant Potamogeton sp. used as substrate for oviposition and incubated eggs in the laboratory. Most stems (24 for C. haemorrhoidalis and 23 for P. pennipes) contained Odonata eggs. Parasitoids emerged from 12 stems, with a mean parasitism of 2% for C. haemorrhoidalis and 6% for P. pennipes, and a maximum of 14% and 50%, respectively. Furthermore, we observed egg-laying of 19 females of C. haemorrhoidalis and 11 of P. pennipes, and marked the stems where oviposition was observed. Clutches remained in the river for five days and were then collected and incubated. Parasitoids emerged from 11 of 30 stems, with an average parasitism of 8% for C. haemorrhoidalis and 3% for P. pennipes (maximums of 50% and 29%, respectively). All parasitoids belonged to the family Mymaridae, and were identified as Anagrus (Anagrus) obscurus Förster, 1861, sensuSoyka, 1955. This is the first time that this species is described as an egg parasitoid of odonates, and that the egg parasitoid of C. haemorrhoidalis and P. pennipes is identified. Our data suggest that egg parasitism might be a significant selective factor for both odonates in the studied locality, affecting female oviposition behavior.
Autores: Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Potapov, M.; Baquero Martín, Enrique
ISSN 1864-6417  Vol. 83  Nº 2  2011  págs. 221 - 248
This paper is part of the results of a systematic study of the specimens of Entomobrya and related genera from various European museums and other material obtained from private collections. Various new species from Russia and Armenia were identified: Entomobrya karasukensis n. sp., Entomobrya tuvinica n. sp., Entomobrya pseudolanuginosa n. sp., Entomobrya stebaevae n. sp., Entomobrya kuznetsovae n. sp., Entomobrya brinevi n. sp., Entomobrya primorica n. sp., Entomobrya kabardinica n. sp., Entomobrya taigicola n. sp., Entomobryoides sotoadamesi n. sp. and Prodrepanura altaica n. sp. from Russia, and Entomobrya armeniensis n. sp. from Armenia. For the identification and description of these species we used the set of characters proposed by Jordana and Baquero (2005).
Autores: Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Schulz, H.J.; Baquero Martín, Enrique
ISSN 1864-6417  Vol. 83  Nº 2  2011  págs. 249 - 264
The systematic study of specimens of Entomobrya from various European museums, private collections and other samplings, allows us to describe several species new of the genus. Specimens from Germany, deposited at the Senckenberg Museum of Natural History Görlitz (SMNG), identified as new species as result of this study, are described: Entomobrya dungeri n. sp., Entomobrya germanica n. sp., Entomobrya saxoniensis n. sp., Entomobrya schulzi Jordana & Baquero n. sp. and Entomobrya dorsolineata n. sp.
Autores: Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Giuga, L.; Baquero Martín, Enrique
Revista: Redia
ISSN 0370-4327  Vol. 94  Nº 4  2011  págs. 35 - 38
Autores: Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Baquero Martín, Enrique
ISSN 1864-6417  Vol. 82  Nº 3  2010  págs. 351 - 356
The systematic study of Entomobrya specimens from different museums in the Palaearctic region and material obtained from other collections allowed some new species of the genus to be revealed. Entomobrya iraqensis n. sp. is described from Mosul, Iraq. For the identification and description of the species, the set of characters proposed by Jordana and Baquero (2005) was used.
Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique; Arbea, J.; Jordana Butticaz, Rafael
ISSN 1864-6417  Vol. 82  Nº 3  2010  págs. 285 - 300
New species of the genera Entomobrya and Mesentotoma from the Mediterranean Palaearctic region are described: Entomobrya akritohoriensis n. sp. from Greece, Entomobrya luqueensis n. sp. and Entomobrya vergarensis n. sp. from Spain, Entomobrya transversalis n. sp. from Morocco and Mesentotoma hispanica n. sp. from Spain. A new name is proposed for Folsomia potapovi Jordana & Baquero 2008 nec Babenko 2007.
Autores: Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Baquero Martín, Enrique
ISSN 1864-6417  Vol. 82  Nº 3  2010  págs. 357 - 366
Autores: Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Baquero Martín, Enrique
ISSN 1864-6417  Vol. 82  Nº 3  2010  págs. 367 - 381
Three species of Homidia, (H. rosannae n. sp., H. sotoi n. sp. and H. yoshiii n. sp.) found among misidentified specimens of the Yoshii¿s Collection at ¿Muséum d'histoire naturelle de la Ville de Genève¿ (MHNG), are described. The similar colour pattern of many species of Entomobryini makes it difficult to identify some specimens, but the use of macrochaetotaxy (Jordana & Baquero, 2005) allows differentiate the species and, for this paper, the description of these three new ones. A comparative chaetotaxy of Homidia Japanese species and a key is given.
Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique; Arbea, J.; Jordana Butticaz, Rafael
ISSN 1864-6417  Vol. 82  Nº 3  2010  págs. 277 - 284
A new species of Entomobrya from an urban park in the surroundings of Beijing, China is described. For the differentiation of Entomobrya cheni n. sp. the set of characters proposed by Jordana and Baquero (2005) has been used and compared with all described species. This character set is compared to that other species belonging to the genus Entomobrya.
Autores: Pons Izquierdo, Juan José; Santamaría Ulecia, Jesús Miguel; Ariño Plana, Arturo; et al.
Libro:  Tecnologías de la Información Geográfica: perspectivas multidisciplinares en la sociedad del conocimiento
2018  págs. 414 - 423
La calidad del aire urbano es un aspecto muy relevante para el bienestar de los ciudadanos y está cada vez más presente en el debate social y político. Para contar con una atmósfera saludable en nuestras ciudades, resulta necesario disponer de información detallada sobre cómo se distribuye la contaminación en cada punto de la ciudad y no solo en torno a las cabinas de control de calidad del aire. En este contexto, se inscribe el proyecto LIFE+ RESPIRA (2014-2017), concebido como una iniciativa de ciencia ciudadana, en la que cerca de 150 ciclistas voluntarios han recorrido el área metropolitana de Pamplona a lo largo de dos años, equipados con captadores geolocalizados de diferentes tipos de contaminantes atmosféricos (CO , NOX, O3 y partículas en suspensión). A lo largo de ese tiempo, los voluntarios han recorrido unos 47.000 km en bicicleta, contribuyendo a obtener casi 150 millones de medidas en más de 4 millones de posiciones geolocalizadas a lo largo de las calles de la ciudad y sus alrededores, cubriendo la mayoría de las situaciones estacionales, horarias, climáticas y de tráfico de un año típico. Con toda esa ingente cantidad de información se ha podido realizar gran cantidad de mapas muy detallados de la calidad del aire, que han permitido modelizar el comportamiento de cada contaminante estudiado de acuerdo a las diferentes condiciones que se presentan.
Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique; León Anguiano, Bienvenido
Libro:  El periodismo ante el cambio climático: nuevas perspectivas y retos
2013  págs. 123 - 140
Estudio realizado para conocer el estado de la comunicación de un tema tan importante como el Cambio Climático, considerando sobre todo la valoración por parte de los científicos y de los comunicadores.
Autores: León Anguiano, Bienvenido; Baquero Martín, Enrique
Libro:  Ciencia para la televisión: el documental científico y sus claves
2010  págs. 101-120
Autores: Oscoz Escudero, Javier; Rodeles, A. A.; Miqueleiz Legaz, Imanol; et al.
Es una publicación que muestra las principales especies animales que habitan en la cuenca del río Baztan-Bidasoa. A lo largo de sus doscientas páginas y con el apoyo de cuidadas imágenes, cada especie cuenta con su descripción, con sus datos de distribución, el detalle de su biología y de su estado de conservación, facilitándonos su reconocimiento y aportándonos la información básica que nos va a permitir aprender sobre cada una de ellas.
Autores: Santamaría Ulecia, Jesús Miguel (Editor); Ariño Plana, Arturo; León Anguiano, Bienvenido; et al.
Recoge los principales resultados generados durante la realización del proyecto LIFE+RESPIRA, llevado a cabo en la ciudad de Pamplona (Navarra, España) por un equipo interdisciplinar constituido por más de 30 investigadores pertenecientes a la Universidad de Navarra, el Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT) y Gestión Ambiental de Navarra (GAN-NIK). El libro, que se ha publicado en castellano y en inglés, se ha dividido en 7 capítulos: 1. ¿Ciudades sostenibles? 2. Exposición de los ciudadanos a la contaminación atmosférica 3. Papel de la vegetación urbana en la calidad del aire 4. Modelos de alta resolución para evaluar la calidad del aire 5. Impactos de la contaminación urbana 6. Movilidad y sostenibilidad urbanas 7. Comunicación y educación ambiental. Este libro pretende ser una guía de utilidad para científicos, gestores y ciudadanos, aportando un conjunto de herramientas que permitan mejorar la calidad de vida de nuestras ciudades. Además, quiere rendir un homenaje a todos los voluntarios ciclistas que han participado en dicho proyecto y que son los verdaderos artífices del mismo, ya que gracias a su dedicación incondicional durante más de dos años, han proporcionado una cantidad ingente de datos sobre la calidad del aire de la ciudad de Pamplona.
Autores: Santamaría Ulecia, Jesús Miguel (Editor); Ariño Plana, Arturo; León Anguiano, Bienvenido; et al.
This book collects the main outcomes that were generated during the implementation of the LIFE+RESPIRA project (LIFE13 ENV/ES/000417), carried out in the city of Pamplona, Navarra, Spain. The research was conducted by a cross-functional team made up of more than 30 researchers belonging to three entities: The University of Navarra, the Centre for Energy, Environmental and Technological Research (CIEMAT) and Environmental Management of Navarra (GAN-NIK).
Autores: Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael; Baquero Martín, Enrique; Oscoz Escudero, Javier; et al.
Los ríos son los principales vertebradores del paisaje y su presencia condiciona el desarrollo de las poblaciones vegetales y animales, incluidas las humanas. Son ecosistemas complejos de una gran diversidad y riqueza. Sus condiciones ambientales particulares hacen que la flora y fauna asociadas sean también peculiares. Es el agua, indudablemente, la que condiciona esa biodiversidad. En este libro trataremos de acercarnos a la fauna presente en el municipio de Pamplona asociada a los ríos, a lo que denominamos en términos generales la fauna acuática.
Autores: Escala Urdapilleta, María Carmen; Galicia Paredes, David; Baquero Martín, Enrique; et al.
En esta guía quedan recogidos todos los grupos de mamíferos que tienen presencia en el entorno de Pamplona, así como sus principales características.
Autores: Echarri Iribarren, Fernando; Baquero Martín, Enrique
Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique; Moraza Zorrilla, María Lourdes; Ariño Plana, Arturo; et al.
Autores: Echarri Iribarren, Fernando; Baquero Martín, Enrique; Belasko Ortega, M.;
Guía para trabajar la educación ambiental en la montaña



Management of natural and protected areas. 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Ciencias.

Métodos en diversidad animal. 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Ciencias.

Trabajo de Fin de Grado (Gr. Biología). 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Ciencias.

Biodiversidad animal aplicada (F.Ciencias). 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Ciencias.

Trabajo Fin de Grado (Gr.CCAA). 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Ciencias.

Ecología I (F.Ciencias). 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Ciencias.

Organización y Gestión de Proyectos. 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Ciencias.

Trabajo de Fin de Grado (Gr. Biología). 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Ciencias.

Adquisición y análisis de datos de biodiversidad (MC2). 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Ciencias.

Ecología II (F.Ciencias) . 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Ciencias.