Nuestros investigadores

Cristobal Pagan Canovas

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: Antovic, M., (Autor de correspondencia); Pagán Cánovas, Cristóbal;
ISSN 0271-5309  Vol. 58  2018  págs. 11 - 23
We relate improvisation in epic singing to cognitive linguistics, postulating that oral formulas are acquired analogous to phrasal patterns in language. Singers' use of reporting phrases in six performances of a South-Slavic epic reveals (1) a "prototypical" construction; (2) a difference in its use between audio recording and dictation; (3) a motivation behind its variations lying not in metrical conditions alone, but also in meaning and function. When sung, introductions containing monosyllabic function words prevail, which remains stable across different singers, the same singer through time, and variations in the narrative. When dictated, few monosyllabic items are used. Analysis of the poems' plot suggests that these function words do not just fill in metrical slots, but rather affect narrative structure. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Autores: Steen, F. F.; Hougaard, A.; Joo, J.; et al.
ISSN 2199-174X  Vol. 4  Nº 1  2018 
Research into the multimodal dimensions of human communication faces a set of distinctive methodological challenges. Collecting the datasets is resource-intensive, analysis often lacks peer validation, and the absence of shared datasets makes it difficult to develop standards. External validity is hampered by small datasets, yet large datasets are intractable. Red Hen Lab spearheads an international infrastructure for data-driven multimodal communication research, facilitating an integrated cross-disciplinary workflow. Linguists, communication scholars, statisticians, and computer scientists work together to develop research questions, annotate training sets, and develop pattern discovery and machine learning tools that handle vast collections of multimodal data, beyond the dreams of previous researchers. This infrastructure makes it possible for researchers at multiple sites to work in real-time in transdisciplinary teams. We review the vision, progress, and prospects of this research consortium.
Autores: Pagán Cánovas, Cristóbal; Valenzuela, J.;
ISSN 2199-174X  Vol. 3  Nº 1  2017 
There is little doubt that spatial information underlies a great deal of our processing of temporal information. Research on the ways in which timelines are associated with specific grammatical constructions has just started, and has brought forward new challenges for construction grammar. A true multimodal construction grammar cannot be developed using the same tools and mechanisms applied so far, but will require instead a fresh approach and a careful rethinking of the whole communicative process. It is our belief than in this transition from a narrow conception of linguistic communication to a broader and more complete view of communication "in the wild", multimodal construction grammar will play an important role.
Autores: Piata, A.; Pagán Cánovas, Cristóbal;
ISSN 0963-9470  Vol. 26  Nº 1  2017  págs. 18 - 33
Autores: Pagán Cánovas, Cristóbal;
ISSN 0341-7638  Vol. 45  Nº 2  2016  págs. 117 - 139
Research on image schemas in language and cognition (containment, path, blockage, etc.) is largely based on de-contextualized linguistic expressions. This results in a view of image schemas as somehow detached from experience, constituting source domains for fixed conceptual projections from the concrete to the abstract. By showcasing creative examples of the poetics of containment throughout the long diachrony of Greek poetry, this article proposes that image schemas reflect the early attentional preferences of the human mind. These central features of image schemas are further selected for their suitability to create ad-hoc, non-perceptual meanings. Templates for conceptual integration involving image schemas also offer coherent patterns of variation, which opportunistically exploit arising connections with culture, context, and goals. Understanding the role of image schemas in meaning construction and verbal art requires the study of both the entrenched patterns and the know-how associated to their usage.
Autores: Pagán Cánovas, Cristóbal; Antovic, Mihailo;
ISSN 0271-5309  Vol. 47  2016  págs. 66 - 74
Autores: Pagán Cánovas, Cristóbal; Valenzuela, J.; Santiago, J.;
ISSN 1931-3896  Vol. 9  Nº 4  2015  págs. 385 - 393
Metaphor and simile research has traditionally focused on the projection of content from vehicle to topic, thereby revealing new meaning in the topic. We show that the meaning of vehicles also changes during figurative language understanding. Participants read a poem that likens the temporal self to a snake being divided by a machete, and were asked to draw the snake. Against prototypical snake drawings, their snakes showed central characteristics of timelines: they were straight and oriented toward the right. These results suggest that figurative language understanding, and possibly all language understanding, is an integrative and creative process of the kind proposed by blending theory. The results also suggest that entrenched conventional patterns for mapping and integrating conceptual structures, such as the timeline, can play a central role in the meaning of highly creative figurative language
Autores: Pagán Cánovas, Cristóbal; Valenzuela Manzanares, J.;
ISSN 1662-5161  Vol. 8  Nº 261  2014 
From the nineties, the semantic postulates of Conceptual Metaphor Theory (CMT) have been used to develop the Neural Theory of Language (NTL). In NTL, conceptual metaphors are replaced by neural mappings, combinations of simple neural circuits that carry out conceptual mappings. The major function of all this neural binding is the reuse of sensorimotor brain mechanisms for new roles in language and reasoning. In blending as in neural reuse, a given item, once identified as potentially useful, is integrated into the network under construction. If necessary and possible, the item is adjusted for optimization in its new function. If it works, the item is kept in the network, although it still remains available for its older functions. Networks and their components are discarded and entrenched in a dynamic, extremely agile process. What is going on here is not direct transfer of structure, but rather the construction of a new whole with old pieces. The novel properties are not borrowed from the structures being reused, but result from their performance in a new network
Autores: Mandler, J. M.; Pagán Cánovas, Cristóbal;
ISSN 1866-9808  Vol. 6  Nº 4  2014  págs. 510 - 532
In this theoretical paper we propose three different kinds of cognitive structure that have not been differentiated in the psychological and cognitive linguistic literatures. They are spatial primitives, image schemas, and schematic integrations. Spatial primitives are the first conceptual building blocks formed in infancy, image schemas are simple spatial stories built from them, and schematic integrations use the first two types to build concepts that include non-spatial elements, such as force and emotion. These different kinds of structure have all come under the umbrella term of 'image schemas'. However, they differ in their content, developmental origin, imageability, and role in meaning construction in language and in thought. The present paper indicates how preverbal conceptualization needs to be taken into account for a complete understanding of image schemas and their uses. It provides examples to illustrate this influence, the most important of these being the primacy of imageable spatial information
Autores: Pagán Cánovas, Cristóbal; Jensen, M.;
ISSN 0963-9470  Vol. 22  Nº 1  2013  págs. 45 - 59
Conceptual Integration theorists have recently revised the time is space conceptual metaphor, and proposed a more complex structure of mappings. The result of that network of mappings is a particular event of motion through space, conditioned by its goal to represent time. Coulson and Pagán Cánovas (forthcoming) have studied the timeline as a material anchor for this time-space blend. The timeline facilitates navigation of the time-space blend by presenting temporal relations directly as spatial relations. Through the analysis of Kavafis¿ simile of life as a row of candles and Manrique¿s metaphor of life as a river, we show that poetic texts can rely on the timeline to build powerful affective meanings
Autores: Pagán Cánovas, Cristóbal; Teuscher, U.;
ISSN 0929-0907  Vol. 20  Nº 3  2012  págs. 546 - 569
ICS We analyze conceptual patterns shared by Michael Ende's novel about time, 'Momo', and examples of time conceptualization from psychology, sociology, economics, conventional language, and real social practices. We study three major mappings in the materialization of time: time as money in relation with time banking, time units as objects produced by an internal clock, and time as a substance that flows. We show that binary projections between experiential domains are not enough to model the complexity of meaning construction in these widely successful examples. To account for the intricacies of time materialization in context, we use generic integration templates, models for conceptual templates based on Fauconnier and Turner's blending theory. The interplay of such detailed patterns with pragmatic and cultural factors, including diachronic aspects, is crucial to identify the cognitive models at work, and the factors that guide their instantiations as a variety of surface products. The blending model for the spatialized time can be refined and extended to the materialization of time
Autores: Pagán Cánovas, Cristóbal; Turner, Mark;
Libro:  The Conversation Frame: Forms and Functions of Fictive Interaction
2016  págs. 45 - 62
In this chapter, we seek to show that the human mind can create blended discourse, or fictive communication, because it is able to do advanced conceptual blending. Thanks to advanced blending, human beings can integrate unrelated experiences and concepts into new mental wholes with novel properties. We analyze how instances of fictive communication are made possible by generic templates for conceptual blending. Fictive communication is a blending pattern combining several generic templates, most of which were not originated in relation to discourse. Fictive communication inherits the whole structure of fictive interaction, which involves fictivity, compression patterns, and an interaction frame that includes counterfactuality. Complex, classic blended joint attention is added, and the interaction frame selected is the one for communication.
Autores: Pagán Cánovas, Cristóbal; Antovic, Mihailo;
Libro:  Oral Poetics and Cognitive Science
2016  págs.  79 - 98
The notions of construction and formula are, respectively, the main currencies of cognitive grammar and the theory of oral-formulaic composition in performance. Even though they originated independently, both formulas and constructions are defined as form-meaning-function patterns, and, as such, represent the central theoretical constructs in their respective fields. In this chapter we propose a connection between these two research traditions, in the hope this will open up new vistas for scholars in oral poetics, cognitive linguistics, and cognitive science. To examine how connecting these two approaches may provide new insights, we first compare the frameworks of construction grammar and the Parry-Lord theory of oral composition in performance, paying particular attention to the (often problematic) definitions of the concepts of oral formula and grammatical construction, showing that the two are based on very similar foundations. We then go on to suggest how both approaches can complement one another, outlining the connections between some of their major interests and recent developments. Finally, we illustrate our ideas with an analysis of a formula highlighted by Albert Lord in The Singer of Tales, using the methodological apparatus of construction grammar.
Autores: Pagán Cánovas, Cristóbal; Antovic, Mihailo;
Libro:  Oral poetics and cognitive science
2016  págs. 1 - 11
Autores: Pagán Cánovas, Cristóbal;
Libro:  Metaphor and Metonymy across Time and Cultures
2015  págs. 295 - 318
Autores: Antovic, M., (Editor); Pagán Cánovas, Cristóbal, (Editor)
What can oral poetic traditions teach us about language and the human mind? Oral Poetics has produced insights relevant not only for the study of traditional poetry, but also for our general understanding of language and cognition: formulaic style as a product of rehearsed improvisation, the thematic structuring of traditional narratives, or the poetic use of features from everyday speech, among many others. The cognitive sciences have developed frameworks that are crucial for research on oral poetics, such as construction grammar or conversation analysis. The key for connecting the two disciplines is their common focus on usage and performance. This collection of papers explores how some of the latest research on language and cognition can contribute to advances in oral studies. At the same time, it shows how research on verbal art in its natural, oral medium can lead to new insights in semantics, pragmatics, or multimodal communication. The ultimate goal is to pave the way towards a Cognitive Oral Poetics, a new interdisciplinary field for the study or oral poetry as a window to the mind