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Autores: Fernández, Juana, (Autor de correspondencia); Vitas, Ana Isabel; et al.
ISSN 1385-8947  Vol. 334  2018  págs. 650 - 656
Barley malt and sloe are two raw materials used in the production of beer and pacharan (a Spanish spirit drink), respectively. These organic wastes have been used as substrate of anaerobic digestion to assess the effect of temperature (35 degrees C and 55 degrees C) and thermal pretreatment (80 degrees C for 1.5 h). Viable microbiological isolates have also been identified through metabolic tests and a kinetic model which includes biogas generation and volatile solids (VS) removal has been proposed. Temperature studies on barley malt yielded higher productivities at 55 degrees C (the ratio of produced biogas volume per VS consumed was 119% higher than that at 35 degrees C), but similar VS removal (0.9% less elimination at 55 degrees C). On the other hand, sloe digestion was more effective at 35 degrees C (biogas/VS-consumed ratio 252% higher than that at 55 degrees C), while VS elimination can be considered the same. Attending to the effect of thermal pretreatment on productivity, barley malt showed no improvement while sloe was enhanced (144% at 35 degrees C and 160% at 55 degrees C). Kinetic modelling fits to the experimental results, showing differences in maximum specific growth rate of biomass according with the temperature conditions. In all cases the adjustment was good (R-2 > 0.96). Microbiological characterization identified bacterial population, both strict and facultative anaerobes.
Autores: Treu, L. ; Kougias, P. G., (Autor de correspondencia); et al.
ISSN 0960-8524  Vol. 264  2018  págs. 140 - 147
Microbial dynamics in an upgrading biogas reactor system undergoing a more than two years-period at stable operating conditions were explored. The carbon dioxide generated during biomass degradation in the first reactor of the system was converted to methane into the secondary reactor by addition of external hydrogen. Considering the overall efficiency, the long-term operation period resulted in an improved biogas upgrading performance (99% methane content). However, a remarkable accumulation of acetate was revealed, indicating the enhancement of homoacetogenic activity. For this reason, a shift in the anaerobic digestion microbiome was expected and evaluated by 16S rRNA amplicon analysis. Results demonstrated that the most abundant archaeal species identified in the first time point, Candidatus Methanoculleus thermohydrogenotrophicum, was replaced by Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus, becoming dominant after the community adaptation. The most interesting taxonomic units were clustered by relative abundance and six main long-term adaptation trends were found, characterizing functionally related microbes (e.g. homoacetogens).