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Nuestros investigadores
José Antonio Rodríguez García
Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)
Autores: Marcos Jubilar, María (Autor de correspondencia); Orbe Lopategui, Josune; Roncal Mancho, Carmen; et al.
Revista: LIFE
ISSN   2075-1729  Vol.   11    5  2021  págs.   414
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is the main etiology of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), associated to systemic inflammation. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are related to atherosclerosis progression through the SDF1/CXCR4 axis promoting macrophages recruitment within the vascular wall. The goal was to assess new circulatory inflammatory markers in relation to atherosclerosis. METHODS: Measurement of SDF1, MMP12 and CRP in blood samples of 298 prospective patients with cardiovascular risk. To explore atherosclerosis progression, CXCR4/SDF1 axis and MMP12 expression were determined by RT-qPCR and by immunohistochemistry in the aorta of accelerated and delayed atherosclerosis mice models (Apoe-/- and Apoe-/-Mmp10-/-). RESULTS: SDF1, MMP12 and CRP were elevated in patients with clinical atherosclerosis, but after controlling by confounding factors, only SDF1 and CRP remained increased. Having high levels of both biomarkers showed 2.8-fold increased risk of presenting clinical atherosclerosis (p = 0.022). Patients with elevated SDF1, MMP12 and CRP showed increased risk of death in follow-up (HR = 3.2, 95%CI: 1.5-7.0, p = 0.004). Gene and protein expression of CXCR4 and MMP12 were increased in aortas from Apoe-/- mice. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of high circulating SDF1, MMP12 and CRP identified patients with particular inflammatory cardiovascular risk and increased mortality. SDF1/CXCR4 axis and MMP12 involvement in atherosclerosis development suggests that they could be possible atherosclerotic targets.
Autores: Marta-Enguita, J.; Navarro Oviedo, Manuel; Rubio-Baines, I.; et al.
ISSN   1742-2094  Vol.   18    1  2021  págs.   3
Background Inflammatory response plays an important role in many processes related to acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Calprotectin (S100A8/S100A9), released by monocytes and neutrophils, is a key protein in the regulation of inflammation and thrombosis. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association of circulating calprotectin with other inflammatory biomarkers and AIS prognosis, as well as the calprotectin content in stroke thrombi. Methods Among the 748 patients treated at a comprehensive stroke center between 2015 and 2017, 413 patients with confirmed acute ischemic injury were prospectively evaluated. Patients with systemic inflammation or infection at onset were excluded. Plasma calprotectin was measured by ELISA in blood samples of AIS patients within the first 24 h. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were performed to evaluate its association with mortality and functional independence (FI) at 3 months (defined as modified Rankin Scale < 3) and hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after ischemic stroke. Further, S100A9 was localized by immunostaining in stroke thrombi (n = 44). Results Higher calprotectin levels were associated with 3-month mortality, HT, and lower 3-month FI. After adjusting for potential confounders, plasma calprotectin remained associated with 3-month mortality [OR (95% CI) 2.31 (1.13-4.73)]. Patients with calprotectin >= 2.26 mu g/mL were 4 times more likely to die [OR 4.34 (1.95-9.67)]. Addition of calprotectin to clinical variables led to significant improvement in the discrimination capacity of the model [0.91 (0.87-0.95) vs 0.89 (0.85-0.93); p < 0.05]. A multimarker approach demonstrated that patients with increased calprotectin, CRP, and NLR had the poorest outcome with a mortality rate of 42.3% during follow-up. S100A9 protein, as part of the heterodimer calprotectin, was present in all thrombi retrieved from AIS patients. Mean S100A9 content was 3.5% and tended to be higher in patients who died (p = 0.09). Moreover, it positively correlated with platelets (Pearson r 0.46, p < 0.002), leukocytes (0.45, p < 0.01), and neutrophil elastase (0.70, p < 0.001) thrombus content. Conclusions Plasma calprotectin is an independent predictor of 3-month mortality and provides complementary prognostic information to identify patients with poor outcome after AIS. The presence of S100A9 in stroke thrombi suggests a possible inflammatory mechanism in clot formation, and further studies are needed to determine its influence in resistance to reperfusion.
Autores: Manrique Huarte, Raquel; Alvarez de Linera Alperi, Marta (Autor de correspondencia); Parilli, D.; et al.
ISSN   0378-5955  Vol.   404  2021  págs.   108228
Objectives The method of drug delivery directly into the cochlea with an implantable pump connected to a CI electrode array ensures long-term delivery and effective dose control, and also provides the possibility to use different drugs. The objective is to develop a model of inner ear pharmacokinetics of an implanted cochlea, with the delivery of FITC-Dextran, in the non-human primate model. Design A preclinical cochlear electrode array (CI Electrode Array HL14DD, manufactured by Cochlear Ltd.) attached to an implantable peristaltic pump filled with FITC-Dextran was implanted unilaterally in a total of 15 Macaca fascicularis (Mf). Three groups were created (5 Mf in each group), according to three different drug delivery times: 2 hours, 24 hours and 7 days. Perilymph (10 samples, 1¿L each) was sampled from the apex of the cochlea and measured immediately after extraction with a spectrofluorometer. After scarifying the specimens, x-Rays and histological analysis were performed. Results Surgery, sampling and histological analysis were performed successfully in all specimens. FITC-Dextran quantification showed different patterns, depending on the delivery group. In the 2 hours injection experiment, an increase in FITC-Dextran concentrations over the sample collection time was seen, reaching maximum concentration peaks (420-964µM) between samples 5 and 7, decreasing in successive samples, without returning to baseline...
Autores: Sáenz de Pipaon Echarren, Goren; Van Der Bent, M. L.; Martínez-Aguilar, E.; et al.
ISSN   0021-9150  Vol.   331  2021  págs.   E221 - E221
Autores: Valdés Fernández, José (Autor de correspondencia); López-Martínez, T.; Ripalda Cemborain, Purificación; et al.
ISSN   0884-0431  Vol.   36    11  2021  págs.   2203 - 2213
The remodeling of the extracellular matrix is a central function in endochondral ossification and bone homeostasis. During secondary fracture healing, vascular invasion and bone growth requires the removal of the cartilage intermediate and the coordinate action of the collagenase matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13, produced by hypertrophic chondrocytes, and the gelatinase MMP-9, produced by cells of hematopoietic lineage. Interfering with these MMP activities results in impaired fracture healing characterized by cartilage accumulation and delayed vascularization. MMP-10, Stromelysin 2, a matrix metalloproteinase with high homology to MMP-3 (Stromelysin 1), presents a wide range of putative substrates identified in vitro, but its targets and functions in vivo and especially during fracture healing and bone homeostasis are not well defined. Here, we investigated the role of MMP-10 through bone regeneration in C57BL/6 mice. During secondary fracture healing, MMP-10 is expressed by hematopoietic cells and its maximum expression peak is associated with cartilage resorption at 14 days post fracture (dpf). In accordance with this expression pattern, when Mmp10 is globally silenced, we observed an impaired fracture-healing phenotype at 14 dpf, characterized by delayed cartilage resorption and TRAP-positive cell accumulation. This phenotype can be rescued by a non-competitive transplant of wild-type bone marrow, indicating that MMP-10 functions are required only in cells of hematopoietic linage. In addition, we found that this phenotype is a consequence of reduced gelatinase activity and the lack of proMMP-9 processing in macrophages. Our data provide evidence of the in vivo function of MMP-10 during endochondral ossification and defines the macrophages as the lead cell population in cartilage removal and vascular invasion. (c) 2021 The Authors. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR).
Autores: Fernández Montero, Alejandro (Autor de correspondencia); Argemí Ballbé, José María; Rodríguez García, José Antonio; et al.
ISSN   2589-5370  Vol.   37  2021  págs.   100954
Background: Early diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection is essential to reduce disease spread. Rapid antigen tests have not been sufficiently evaluated in asymptomatic patients to be used as massive population screening tools. Methods: Head-to-head evaluation of Roche SARS-CoV-2 Rapid Antigen Test and real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) as SARS-CoV-2 screening tools performed in asymptomatic adults from a semi-closed community in University of Navarra (Spain) from November 2020 to January 2021. Sensitivity, specificity and predictive values were calculated using RT-PCR as reference method. Findings: Roche SARS-CoV-2 Rapid Antigen Test was performed on 2542 asymptomatic adults in a community with a SARS-CoV-2 incidence of 1.93%. It showed a sensitivity of 71.43% (CI 95%: 56.74 -83.42) and a specificity of 99.68% (CI 95%: 99.37 -99.86). Positive Predictive Value was 81.4 (CI 95% 66.6 -91.61) and Negative Predictive Value was 99.44 (CI 95% 99.06 -99.69). Test sensitivity was related to viral load, with higher sensitivity in RT-PCR cycle threshold (Ct) values under 25 (93.75%, CI 95%: 71.96 -98.93), that dropped to 29.41% (CI 95%: 10.31-55.96) in RT-PCR Ct values above 25. Interpretation: This study suggests that rapid antigen tests are less effective in asymptomatic population, when compared with RT-PCR. Further studies are needed to evaluate different options to improve screenings based on rapid antigen test, such as the use of clinical questionnaires to select higher risk-participants, the confirmation of negative results with RT-PCR or the use of repetitive sequential testing. Funding: This research received no external funding. (c) 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Autores: Matilla, L.; Roncal Mancho, Carmen; Ibarrola, J.; et al.
ISSN   1079-5642  Vol.   40    5  2020  págs.   1370 - 1382
Objective: Aortic valve (AV) calcification plays an important role in the progression of aortic stenosis (AS). MMP-10 (matrix metalloproteinase-10 or stromelysin-2) is involved in vascular calcification in atherosclerosis. We hypothesize that MMP-10 may play a pathophysiological role in calcific AS. Approach and Results: Blood samples (n=112 AS and n=349 controls) and AVs (n=88) from patients undergoing valve replacement were analyzed. Circulating MMP-10 was higher in patients with AS compared with controls (P<0.001) and correlated with TNF alpha (tumor necrosis factor alpha; r(S)=0.451; P<0.0001). MMP-10 was detected by immunochemistry in AVs from patients with AS colocalized with aortic valve interstitial cells markers alpha-SMA (alpha-smooth muscle actin) and vimentin and with calcification markers Runx2 (Runt-related transcription factor 2) and SRY (sex-determining region Y)-box 9. MMP-10 expression in AVs was further confirmed by RT-qPCR and western blot. Ex vivo, MMP-10 was elevated in the conditioned media of AVs from patients with AS and associated with interleukin-1 beta (r(S)=0.5045, P<0.001) and BMP (bone morphogenetic protein)-2 (r(S)=0.5003, P<0.01). In vitro, recombinant human MMP-10 induced the overexpression of inflammatory, fibrotic, and osteogenic markers (interleukin-1 beta, alpha-SMA, vimentin, collagen, BMP-4, Sox9, OPN [osteopontin], BMP-9, and Smad 1/5/8; P<0.05) and cell mineralization in aortic valve interstitial cells isolated from human AVs, in a mechanism involving Akt (protein kinase B) phosphorylation. These effects were prevented by TIMP-1 (tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases type 1), a physiological MMP inhibitor, or specifically by an anti-MMP-10 antibody. Conclusions: MMP-10, which is overexpressed in aortic valve from patients with AS, seems to play a central role in calcification in AS through Akt phosphorylation. MMP-10 could be a new therapeutic target for delaying the progression of aortic valve calcification in AS.
Autores: Navarro Oviedo, Manuel; Munoz-Arrondo, R.; Zandio, B.; et al.
ISSN   2045-2322  Vol.   10    1  2020  págs.   10329
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are proteolytic zinc-endopeptidases regulated by tissue Inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs). We evaluated the potential of MMPs and TIMPs as clinical tools for Intracranial Haemorrhage (ICH). Spontaneous non-traumatic ICH patients were recruited from two hospitals: Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra (CHN=29) and Vall d ' Hebron (VdH=76). Plasmatic levels of MMP-1, -2, -7, -9, -10 and TIMP-1 and their relationship with clinical, radiological and functional variables were evaluated. We further studied the effect of TIMP-1 (0.05-0.2mg/Kg) in an experimental tail-bleeding model. In CHN, TIMP-1 was associated with admission-hematoma volume and MMP-7 was elevated in patients with deep when compared to lobar hematoma. In VdH, admission-hematoma volume was associated with TIMP-1 and MMP-7. When data from both hospitals were combined, we observed that an increase in 1ng/ml in TIMP-1 was associated with an increase of 0.14ml in haemorrhage (combined beta =0.14, 95% CI=0.08-0.21). Likewise, mice receiving TIMP-1 (0.2mg/Kg) showed a shorter bleeding time (p<0.01). Therefore, the association of TIMP-1 with hematoma volume in two independent ICH cohorts suggests its potential as ICH biomarker. Moreover, increased TIMP-1 might not be sufficient to counterbalance MMPs upregulation indicating that TIMP-1 administration might be a beneficial strategy for ICH.
Autores: Moreno Ajona, David; Irimia Sieira, Pablo (Autor de correspondencia); Rodríguez García, José Antonio; et al.
ISSN   1471-2261  Vol.   20    1  2020  págs.   93
Background Major adverse cardiovascular events are the main cause of morbidity and mortality over the long term in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy. There are few reports assessing the prognostic value of markers of inflammation in relation to the risk of cardiovascular disease after carotid endarterectomy. Here, we aimed to determine whether matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-7, MMP-9 and MMP-10), tissue inhibitor of MMPs (TIMP-1) and in vivo inflammation studied by F-18-FDG-PET/CT predict recurrent cardiovascular events in patients with carotid stenosis who underwent endarterectomy. Methods This prospective cohort study was carried out on 31 consecutive patients with symptomatic (23/31) or asymptomatic (8/31) severe (> 70%) carotid stenosis who were scheduled for carotid endarterectomy between July 2013 and March 2016. In addition, 26 healthy controls were included in the study. Plasma and serum samples were collected 2 days prior to surgery and tested for MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-7, MMP-9, MMP-10, TIMP-1, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate. F-18-FDG-PET/CT focusing on several territories' vascular wall metabolism was performed on 29 of the patients because of no presurgical availability in 2 symptomatic patients. Histological and immunohistochemical studies were performed with antibodies targeting MMP-10, MMP-9, TIMP-1 and CD68. Results The patients with carotid stenosis had significantly more circulating MMP-1, MMP-7 and MMP-10 than the healthy controls. Intraplaque TIMP-1 was correlated with its plasma level (r = 0.42 P = .02) and with F-18-FDG uptake (r = 0.38 P = .05). We did not find any correlation between circulating MMPs and in vivo carotid plaque metabolism assessed by F-18-FDG-PET. After a median follow-up of 1077 days, 4 cerebrovascular, 7 cardiovascular and 11 peripheral vascular events requiring hospitalization were registered. Circulating MMP-7 was capable of predicting events over and above the traditional risk factors (HR = 1.15 P = .006). When the model was associated with the variables of interest, the risk predicted by F-18-FDG-PET was not significant. Conclusions Circulating MMP-7 may represent a novel marker for recurrent cardiovascular events in patients with moderate to severe carotid stenosis. MMP-7 may reflect the atherosclerotic burden but not plaque inflammation in this specific vascular territory.
Autores: Marta Enguita, J. ; Navarro Oviedo, Manuel; Rubio Baines, Íñigo; et al.
ISSN   1747-4930  Vol.   15    1_SUPPL  2020  págs.   491 - 491
Autores: Saenz-Pipaon, G.; San Martín Úriz, Patxi; Planell, N.; et al.
ISSN   2001-3078  Vol.   9    1  2020  págs.   1729646
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with a high risk of cardiovascular events and death and is postulated to be a critical socioeconomic cost in the future. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have emerged as potential candidates for new biomarker discovery related to their protein and nucleic acid cargo. In search of new prognostic and therapeutic targets in PAD, we determined the prothrombotic activity, the cellular origin and the transcriptomic profile of circulating EVs. This prospective study included control and PAD patients. Coagulation time (Procoag-PPL kit), EVs cellular origin and phosphatidylserine exposure were determined by flow cytometry in platelet-free plasma (n = 45 PAD). Transcriptomic profiles of medium/large EVs were generated using the MARS-Seq RNA-Seq protocol (n = 12/group). The serum concentration of the differentially expressed gene S100A9, in serum calprotectin (S100A8/A9), was validated by ELISA in control (n = 100) and PAD patients (n = 317). S100A9 was also determined in EVs and tissues of human atherosclerotic plaques (n = 3). Circulating EVs of PAD patients were mainly of platelet origin, predominantly Annexin V positive and were associated with the procoagulant activity of platelet-free plasma. Transcriptomic analysis of EVs identified 15 differentially expressed genes. Among them, serum calprotectin was elevated in PAD patients (p < 0.05) and associated with increased amputation risk before and after covariate adjustment (mean follow-up 3.6 years, p < 0.01). The combination of calprotectin with hs-CRP in the multivariate analysis further improved risk stratification (p < 0.01). Furthermore, S100A9 was also expressed in femoral plaque derived EVs and tissues. In summary, we found that PAD patients release EVs, mainly of platelet origin, highly positive for AnnexinV and rich in transcripts related to platelet biology and immune responses. Amputation risk prediction improved with calprotectin and was significantly higher when combined with hs-CRP. Our results suggest that EVs can be a promising component of liquid biopsy to identify the molecular signature of PAD patients.
Autores: Mora Gutiérrez, Jose María; Rodríguez García, José Antonio; Fernández Seara, María Asunción; et al.
ISSN   2045-2322  Vol.   10    1  2020 
Matrix metalloproteinases have been implicated in diabetic microvascular complications. However, little is known about the pathophysiological links between MMP-10 and the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in diabetic kidney disease (DKD). We tested the hypothesis that MMP-10 may be up-regulated in early stage DKD, and could be down-regulated by angiotensin II receptor blockade (telmisartan). Serum MMP-10 and TIMP-1 levels were measured in 268 type 2 diabetic subjects and 111 controls. Furthermore, histological and molecular analyses were performed to evaluate the renal expression of Mmp10 and Timp1 in a murine model of early type 2 DKD (db/db) after telmisartan treatment. MMP-10 (473¿±¿274¿pg/ml vs. 332¿±¿151; p¿=¿0.02) and TIMP-1 (573¿±¿296¿ng/ml vs. 375¿±¿317; p¿<¿0.001) levels were significantly increased in diabetic patients as compared to controls. An early increase in MMP-10 and TIMP-1 was observed and a further progressive elevation was found as DKD progressed to end-stage renal disease. Diabetic mice had 4-fold greater glomerular Mmp10 expression and significant albuminuria compared to wild-type, which was prevented by telmisartan. MMP-10 and TIMP-1 are increased from the early stages of type 2 diabetes. Prevention of MMP-10 upregulation observed in diabetic mice could be another protective mechanism of RAS blockade in DKD.
Autores: Marcos Jubilar, María; Orbe Lopategui, Josune; Roncal Mancho, Carmen; et al.
ISSN   0214-9168  Vol.   31    4  2019  págs.   152 - 159
Introduction: Monocytes play an important role in atherosclerotic progression having both pro and anti-inflammatory effects depending on different circulating monocyte subpopulations. The objective of this study is to characterize these subpopulations and their association with cardiovascular risk factors. Methods: Transversal study including 102 selected patients, mean age: 65 years-old (range 41-86), 69% males. A set of specific antibodies against classical monocytes (Mont, CD14+CD16- CD300e+HLADR+), intermediate (Mon2, CD14+CD16+CD300e+HLADR+) and nonclassical (Mon3, CD14 CD16+CD300e+HLADR+) was assayed. Three groups of patients were included: 17 asymptomatic with more than one cardiovascular risk factor (group 1), 56 subjects asymptomatic but with vascular pathology assessed by ultrasound or microalbuminuria (group 2) and 19 patients with a previous atherothrombotic event (group 3). The cardiovascular risk was determined by Framingham and REGICOR scores. Results: An association between study groups and the percentage of Mon1 and Mon2 was observed (ANOVA, p <.05), being independent of age and sex for Mon2. Likewise Mont and Mon2 subpopulations were associated with cardiovascular adverse events (beta=0.86, p=.02 beta-0.1 p=.002, respectively), independently of age and sex in the case of Mon2. Moreover the percentage of Mon3 was associated with the presence of several cardiovascular risk factors ((3 = 0.21, p =.04) in the univariate analysis. In addition, there was a correlation between the levels of Mon1 and Mon2 and leukocytes (r =0.7, p <.001 and r =0.26, p =.01, respectively). Conclusions: The analysis of monocyte subpopulations may be clinically useful to stratify the inflammatory profile related to the different cardiovascular risk groups.
Autores: Sáenz de Pipaon Echarren, Goren; Orbe Lopategui, Josune; Aguilar, E. M.; et al.
ISSN   0021-9150  Vol.   287  2019  págs.   E141 - E141
Autores: Arrieta, V.; Sadaba, J. R.; Alvarez, V. ; et al.
ISSN   1137-6627  Vol.   42    2  2019  págs.   199 - 208
Aortic stenosis is one of the most common heart valve diseases, as well as one of the most common causes of heart failure in the elderly. Currently, there are no medical therapies to prevent or slow the progression of the disease. When symptoms develop alongside severe aortic stenosis, there is a poor prognosis unless aortic valve replacement is performed. Aortic stenosis is a heterogeneous disease with a complex pathophysiology involving structural and biological changes of the valve, as well as adaptive and maladaptive compensatory changes in the myocardium and vasculature in response to chronic pressure overload. Galectin-3 serves important functions in numerous biological activities including cell growth, apoptosis, differentiation, inflammation and fibrosis. With evidence emerging to support the function of Galectin-3, the current review aims to summarize the latest literature regarding the potential of Galectin-3 as therapeutic target in aortic valve and cardiovascular alterations associated with aortic stenosis.
Autores: Lorente, L., (Autor de correspondencia); Martin, M. M. ; Ramos, L.; et al.
ISSN   1471-2377  Vol.   19  2019  págs.   167
Background: Higher circulating levels of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 early after ischemic stroke have been associated with lower survival. The objectives of this study were to determine serum TIMP-1 levels during the first week of a severe cerebral infarction in surviving and non-surviving patients, and whether those levels during the first week could be used as a mortality biomarker for these patients. Methods: We included patients with severe malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMCAI) defined as computer tomography showing ischaemic changes in more than 50% of the middle cerebral artery territory and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) <= 8. We measured serum levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-9 and TIMP-1. End-point study was 30-day mortality. Results: We found higher TIMP-1 concentrations at days 1 (p < 0.001), 4 (p = 0.001), and 8 (p = 0.03) of MMCAI in non-urviving (n = 34) than in surviving (n = 34) patients. We found lower serum MMP-9 concentrations at day 1 (p = 0.03) of MMCAI and no significant differences at days 4 and 8. ROC curve analysis of TIMP-1 concentrations performed at days 1, 4, and 8 of MMCAI showed an area under curve to predict 30-day mortality of 81% (p < 0.001), 80% (p < 0.001) and 72% (p = 0.07) respectively. Conclusions: The new findings of our study were that non-surviving MMCAI patients showed higher serum TIMP-1 levels during the first week of MMCAI that surviving patients, and those levels during the first week of MMCAI could be used as mortality biomarkers.
Autores: Navarro Oviedo, Manuel; Enguita, J. M.; Saldise, M. B.; et al.
ISSN   0390-6078  Vol.   104  2019  págs.   135 - 136
Autores: Navarro Oviedo, Manuel; Roncal Mancho, Carmen; Salicio Castillo, Agustina; et al.
ISSN   1868-4483  Vol.   10    4  2019  págs.   389 - 401
Diabetes is an important risk factor for ischemic stroke (IS). Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) has been associated with less successful revascularization and poor functional outcome in diabetes. We assessed whether a new thrombolytic strategy based on MMP10 was more effective than tPA in a murine IS model of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. Wild-type mice were administered a single dose of streptozotocin (STZ) (180mg/kg) to develop STZ-induced diabetes mellitus. Two weeks later, IS was induced by thrombin injection into the middle cerebral artery and the effect of recombinant MMP10 (6.5 mu g/kg), tPA (10mg/kg) or tPA/MMP10 on brain damage and functional outcome were analysed. Motor activity was assessed using the open field test. Additionally, we studied plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and thrombin-antithrombin complex levels (TAT) by ELISA and oxidative stress and blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity by immunohistochemistry and western blot. MMP10 treatment was more effective at reducing infarct size and neurodegeneration than tPA 24h and 3days after IS in diabetic mice. Locomotor activity was impaired by hyperglycemia and ischemic injury, but not by the thrombolytic treatments. Additionally, TAT, oxidative stress and BBB permeability were reduced by MMP10 treatment, whereas brain bleeding or PAI-1 expression did not differ between treatments. Thrombolytic treatment with MMP10 was more effective than tPA at reducing stroke and neurodegeneration in a diabetic murine model of IS, without increasing haemorrhage. Thus, we propose MMP10 as a potential candidate for the clinical treatment of IS in diabetic patients.
Autores: Lorente, L., (Autor de correspondencia); Martin, M. M.; Ramos, L.; et al.
ISSN   0883-9441  Vol.   51  2019  págs.   117 - 121
Purpose: Previously, higher circulating levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and tissue inhibitor matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 were reported in the first hours after TBI in blood samples from patients with poor prognosis. Thus, the objectives of this study were to determine whether MMP-9 and TIMP-1 levels during the first week of a severe TBI could be used as biomarker predictive of mortality. Methods: We included patients with severe TBI (defined as Glasgow Coma Scale lower than 9), and with Injury Severity Score in non-cranial aspects lower than 9. We determined serum concentrations of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 at days 1, 4 and 8 of TBI. Results: TIMP-1 concentrations at days 1 (p < .001), 4 (p = .001), and 8 (p = .01) of TBI were higher in nonsurviving (n = 34) than in surviving (n = 90) patients. ROC curve analyses showed an area under curve of TIMP-1 concentrations at days 1, 4, and 8 of TBI to predict 30-day mortality of 78% (p < .001), 76% (p <.001) and 71% (p= .02) respectively. Conclusions: The most relevant new findings of our study were that TIMP-1 levels during the first week of a severe TBI were higher in non-surviving than in surviving patients and that could be used as biomarker predictive of mortality. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Autores: Hernandez, M.; Fernández Robredo, Patricia; Recalde Maestre, Sergio; et al.
ISSN   0146-0404  Vol.   60    9  2019 
Autores: Sáenz de Pipaon Echarren, Goren; David, L.; Maillo, A.; et al.
ISSN   0021-9150  Vol.   287  2019  págs.   E65 - E65
Autores: Roncal Mancho, Carmen; Martinez-Aguilar, E.; Orbe Lopategui, Josune; et al.
ISSN   0021-9150  Vol.   287  2019  págs.   E233 - E233
Autores: Roncal Mancho, Carmen; Martinez-Aguilar, E.; Orbe Lopategui, Josune; et al.
ISSN   2045-2322  Vol.   9  2019  págs.   15580
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a major cause of acute and chronic illness, with extremely poor prognosis that remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. Trimethylamine-N-Oxide (TMAO), a gut derived metabolite, has been associated with atherosclerotic burden. We determined plasma levels of TMAO by mass spectrometry and evaluated their association with PAD severity and prognosis. 262 symptomatic PAD patients (mean age 70 years, 87% men) categorized in intermittent claudication (IC, n = 147) and critical limb ischemia (CLI, n = 115) were followed-up for a mean average of 4 years (min 1-max 102 months). TMAO levels were increased in CLI compared to IC (P < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for severity (CLI) rendered a cutoff of 2.26 mu mol/L for TMAO (62% sensitivity, 76% specificity). Patients with TMAO > 2.26 mu mol/L exhibited higher risk of cardiovascular death (sub-hazard ratios >= 2, P < 0.05) that remained significant after adjustment for confounding factors. TMAO levels were associated to disease severity and CV-mortality in our cohort, suggesting an improvement of PAD prognosis with the measurement of TMAO. Overall, our results indicate that the intestinal bacterial function, together with the activity of key hepatic enzymes for TMA oxidation (FMO3) and renal function, should be considered when designing therapeutic strategies to control gut-derived metabolites in vascular patients.
Autores: Reyes, R.; Rodríguez García, José Antonio; Orbe Lopategui, Josune; et al.
ISSN   1071-7544  Vol.   25    1  2018  págs.   750 - 756
The effect of dual delivery of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinase 10 (MMP10) on bone regeneration was investigated in a murine model of calvarial critical-size defect, hypothesizing that it would result in an enhanced bone formation. Critical-size calvarial defects (4 mm diameter) were created in mice and PLGA microspheres preloaded with either BMP-2, MMP10 or a microsphere combination of both were transplanted into defect sites at different doses. Empty microspheres were used as the negative control. Encapsulation efficiency was assessed and in vivo release kinetics of BMP-2 and MMP10 were examined over 14 days. Histological analyses were used to analyze bone formation after four and eightweeks. Combination with MMP10 (30 ng) significantly enhanced BMP-2 (600ng)-mediated osteogenesis, as confirmed by the increase in percentage of bone fill (p < .05) at four weeks. Moreover, it also increased mineral apposition rate (p < .05), measured by double labeling with tetracycline and calceine. MMP10 accelerates bone repair by enhancing BMP-2-promoted bone healing and improving the mineralization rate. In conclusion combination of MMP10 and BMP-2 may become a promising strategy for repair and regeneration of bone defects.
Autores: Purroy López, Ana Isabel; Roncal Mancho, Carmen; Orbe Lopategui, Josune; et al.
ISSN   0021-9150  Vol.   278  2018  págs.   124 - 134
Background and aims: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in atherosclerosis and vascular calcification. Among them, we reported that MMP10 is present in human atheroma, associated with atherosclerosis. However, it remains unclear whether MMP10 is involved in atherogenesis and vascular calcification. Methods: MMP10 was measured in serum from patients with subclinical atherosclerosis and analyzed in carotid endarterectomies by immunostaining. ApoE-deficient mice (Apoe(-/-)) were crossed to MMP10-deficient (Mmp10(-/-)) mice and followed up to 20 months. Plaque area and composition were assessed by histology and immunohistochemistry. Inflammatory markers were measured in atherosclerotic plaques by RT-qPCR, and leukocyte subpopulations were analyzed by flow cytometry. In vitro calcification assays were performed in aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Results: MMP10 serum levels were associated with coronary calcification in subjects with subclinical atherosclerosis. Immunostaining revealed MMP10 expression in human atheromas, spatially associated with calcification areas, and complicated plaques released higher amounts of MMP10 than non-diseased segments. Interestingly, vascular MMP10 expression was confined to the atherosclerotic lesion in Apoe(-/-) mice, and Apoe(-/-) Mmp10(-/-) showed a substantial reduction in atherosclerotic lesion size, macrophage content and plaque calcification. Reduced local and systemic inflammatory markers could be demonstrated in Apoe(-/-) Mmp10(-/-) by gene expression and flow cytometry analysis. Calcium phosphate deposition and vascular calcification markers were downregulated in VSMC from Apoe(-/-) Mmp10(-/-) mice. Conclusions: Delayed plaque progression and altered cellular composition in the absence of MMP10 suggests that MMP10 plays a role in atherosclerosis, favoring inflammation, development and complication of the plaque.
Autores: de Miguel, I.; Orbe Lopategui, Josune; Sanchez-Arias, J. A. ; et al.
ISSN   1948-5875  Vol.   9    5  2018  págs.   428 - 433
In an effort to find novel chemical series as antifibrinolytic agents, we explore alpha-phenylsulfonyl-alpha-spiropiperidines bearing different zinc-binding groups (ZBGs) to target those metalloproteinases involved in the fibrinolytic process: MMP3 and MMP10. Surprisingly, all these new chemical series were inactive against these metalloproteinases; however, several new molecules retained the antifibrinolytic activity in a phenotypic functional assay using thromboelastometry and human whole blood. Further optimization led to compound 38 as a potent antifibrinolytic agent in vivo, three times more efficacious than the current standard-of-care (tranexamic acid, TXA) at 300 times lower dose. Finally, in order to decipher the underlying mode-of action leading to this phenotypic response, an affinity-based probe 39 was successfully designed to identify the target involved in this response: a potentially unknown mechanism-of-action in the fibrinolytic process.
Autores: Rodríguez García, José Antonio; Orbe Lopategui, Josune; Saenz-Pipaon, G.; et al.
ISSN   0049-3848  Vol.   170  2018  págs.   1 - 9
Introduction: Wound healing after myocardial infarction (MI) is mediated by different cell types, secreted proteins, components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and, as increasing evidences suggest, extracellular vesicles (EVs). We aim to determine the dynamics of release and origin of EVs after MI, as well as their biological activity on endothelial cells (ECs). Methods: MI was induced in WT mice and blood and tissues collected at baseline, 3, 15 and 30 days post-ligation for cardiac function (echocardiography) and histological evaluation. Circulating EVs subpopulations were measured by flow cytometry in mouse, and in a small cohort of patients with ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI, n= 6). In vitro, EVs were isolated from a cardiomyocyte cell line (HL1) and their function assayed on ECs. Results: Leukocyte and endothelial EVs increased concomitant to inflammatory and angiogenic processes triggered by ischemia. More strikingly, cardiomyocyte EVs (connexin43+) were detected in STEMI patients and in murine MI, where a significant increase in their levels was reported at day 15 post-ischemia (p < 0.05 vs baseline). In vitro, HL1EVs induced ECs migration (p= 0.05) and proliferation (p < 0.05), but impaired tube formation. These apparent contradictory results could be partially explained by the upregulation of MMP3, and the apoptosis and senescence genes, p53 and p16, induced by HL1EVs on ECs (p < 0.05). Conclusions: MI induces the release of different EVs subpopulations, including those of cardiac origin, in a preclinical model of MI and STEMI patients. In vitro, cardiomyocyte derived EVs are able to modulate endothelial function, suggesting their active role in heart repair after ischemia.
Autores: Roncal Mancho, Carmen; Martinez-Aguilar, E. ; Orbe Lopategui, Josune; et al.
ISSN   0014-2972  Vol.   48    Supl. 1  2018  págs.   121 - 122
Autores: Rodríguez García, José Antonio; Sobrino, T.; López-Arias, E.; et al.
ISSN   2047-9980  Vol.   6    6  2017  págs.   e006042
BACKGROUND: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is an acute neurological disorder with high mortality and no effective treatment. In addition to the initial bleeding event, rebleeding and hematoma expansion are associated with poor outcome in these patients. We studied the effectiveness of the new antifibrinolytic agent CM352, a short-half-life matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor, for achieving early hemostasis and improving functional recovery in a rat model of collagenase-induced ICH. METHODS AND RESULTS: ICH was induced by striatal injection of collagenase, and 1 hour later, rats received an intravenous injection of saline (n=6) or CM352 (1 mg/kg, n=6). Hematoma (basal and after 3 and 24 hours) and lesion (14 days) volumes were quantified on T2-weighted (T2) magnetic resonance images. Neurological and functional recovery was evaluated by using Bederson score and a cylinder test (basal, 24 hours, and 14 days). Early treatment (1 hour) with CM352 was efficient reducing hematoma expansion at 3 hours (P<0.01) and, more markedly, at 24 hours (P<0.01). Decreased bleeding after antifibrinolytic treatment was accompanied by reduced interleukin-6 levels at 3 hours (P<0.05) and smaller lesion volume at 14 days (P<0.01). CM352 drastically reduced sensorimotor impairment (cylinder test) after ICH in rats at 24 hours (P<0.01) and 14 days (P<0.01). Similarly, it also attenuated neurological deficit (Bederson scale) at 24 hours (P<0.01) and 14 days (P<0.01). Interestingly, late (3 hours) CM352 administration also resulted in reduced lesion size and better functional outcome. CONCLUSIONS: CM352, a new antifibrinolytic agent and matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor, effectively prevented hematoma growth and reduced lesion size in ICH in association with improved functional and neurological recovery.
Autores: Roncal Mancho, Carmen; Martínez de Lizarrondo Iriarte, Sara; Salicio Castillo, Agustina; et al.
ISSN   0008-6363  Vol.   113    10  2017  págs.   1219 - 1229
Aims Early reperfusion with tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) is an effective therapeutic strategy to treat acute ischemic stroke, but only 1/3 of tPA-treated patients recover and are free from disability. tPA has also shown neurotoxicity in experimental models of cerebral ischemia. Considering that MMP-10 improves stroke injury, we have examined the therapeutic and protective effect of MMP10 and tPA/MMP10 as clot-dissolving and neuroprotective agent in an experimental model of ischemic stroke and studied in vitro the molecular pathways involved in MMP10-mediated effects. Methods and results Cerebral ischemia was induced by the local injection of thrombin into the middle cerebral artery followed by reperfusion with MMP10 (6.5 mu g/kg) and tPA (10 mg/kg) alone or in combination with MMP10. Cell cultures were also performed to determine the effect of MMP10 and tPA/MMP10 on brain endothelial cells and neurons. tPA/MMP10 significantly reduced the infarct size in the ischemic stroke model compared with tPA alone (P < 0.05). In vitro, MMP10 reduced the tPA-promoted endothelial ionic permeability, preserved the expression of claudin-5 and decreased ERK1/2 activation. Moreover, combination of tPA/MMP10 prevented tPA-mediated neuronal excitotoxicity and calcium influx. These effects were reversed by blocking MMP10 activity with a monoclonal antibody. Conclusion These results show that MMP10, either alone or in combination with tPA, might represent a new strategy for thrombolysis in ischemic stroke, providing higher protection against cerebrovascular damage.
Autores: Martinez-Aguilar, E.; Orbe Lopategui, Josune; Fernández Montero, Alejandro; et al.
ISSN   0741-5214  Vol.   66    5  2017  págs.   1527 - 1533
Objective The prognosis of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by an exceptionally high risk for myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, and death; however, studies in search of new prognostic biomarkers in PAD are scarce. Even though low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) have been associated with higher risk of cardiovascular (CV) complications and death in different atherosclerotic diseases, recent epidemiologic studies have challenged its prognostic utility. The aim of this study was to test the predictive value of HDL-C as a risk factor for ischemic events or death in symptomatic PAD patients. Methods Clinical and demographic parameters of 254 symptomatic PAD patients were recorded. Amputation, ischemic coronary disease, cerebrovascular disease, and all-cause mortality were recorded during a mean follow-up of 2.7 years. Results Multivariate analyses showed that disease severity (critical limb ischemia) was significantly reduced in patients with normal HDL-C levels compared with the group with low HDL-C levels (multivariate analysis odds ratio, 0.09; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.03-0.24). A decreased risk for mortality (hazard ratio, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.21-0.99) and major adverse CV events (hazard ratio, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.16-0.86) was also found in patients with normal vs reduced levels of HDL-C in both Cox proportional hazards models and Kaplan-Meier estimates, after adjustment for confounding factors. Conclusions Reduced HDL-C levels were significantly associated with higher risk for development of CV complications as well as with mortality in PAD patients. These findings highlight the usefulness of this simple test for early identification of PAD patients at high risk for development of major CV events.
Autores: Sobrino, T.; Rodríguez García, José Antonio; Vieites-Prado, A.; et al.
ISSN   0271-678X  Vol.   36    Supl. 1  2016  págs.   58 - 59
Autores: Orbe Lopategui, Josune; Rodríguez García, José Antonio; Sanchez, J. A.; et al.
ISSN   1538-7933  Vol.   13    Supl. 2  2015  págs.   81 - 82
Autores: Orbe Lopategui, Josune; Sánchez-Arias, J. A.; Rabal Gracia, María Obdulia; et al.
ISSN   0022-2623  Vol.   58    5  2015  págs.   2465 - 2488
Growing evidence suggests that matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are involved in thrombus dissolution; then, considering that new therapeutic strategies are required for controlling hemorrhage, we hypothesized that MMP inhibition may reduce bleeding by delaying fibrinolysis. Thus, we designed and synthesized a novel series of MMP inhibitors to identify potential candidates for acute treatment of bleeding. Structure-based and knowledge-based strategies were utilized to design this novel chemical series, ¿-spiropiperidine hydroxamates, of potent and soluble (>75 ¿g/mL) pan-MMP inhibitors. The initial hit, 12, was progressed to an optimal lead 19d. Racemic 19d showed a remarkable in vitro phenotypic response and outstanding in vivo efficacy; in fact, the mouse bleeding time at 1 mg/kg was 0.85 min compared to 29.28 min using saline. In addition, 19d displayed an optimal ADME and safety profile (e.g., no thrombus formation). Its corresponding enantiomers were separated, leading to the preclinical candidate 5 (described in Drug Annotations series, J. Med. Chem. 2015, ).
Autores: Orbe Lopategui, Josune; Rodríguez García, José Antonio; Sánchez-Arias, J. A.; et al.
ISSN   0022-2623  Vol.   58    7  2015  págs.   2941 - 2957
Discovery of potent and safe therapeutics that improve upon currently available antifibrinolytics, e.g., tranexamic acid (TXA, 1) and aprotinin, has been challenging. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) participate in thrombus dissolution. Then we designed a novel series of optimized MMP inhibitors that went through phenotypic screening consisting of thromboelastometry and mouse tail bleeding. Our optimized lead compound, CM-352 (2), inhibited fibrinolysis in human whole blood functional assays and was more effective than the current standard of care, 1, in the tail-bleeding model using a 30¿000 times lower dose. Moreover, 2 reduced blood loss during liver hepatectomy, while 1 and aprotinin had no effect. Molecule 2 displayed optimal pharmacokinetic and safety profiles with no evidence of thrombosis or coagulation impairment. This novel mechanism of action, targeting MMP, defines a new class of antihemorrhagic agents without interfering with normal hemostatic function. Furthermore, 2 represents a preclinical candidate for the acute treatment of bleeding.
Autores: Gómez Rodríguez, Violeta; Orbe Lopategui, Josune; Martínez-Aguilar, E.; et al.
ISSN   0892-6638  Vol.   29    3  2015  págs.   960 - 972
We studied the role of matrix metalloproteinase-10 (MMP-10) during skeletal muscle repair after ischemia using a model of femoral artery excision in wild-type (WT) and MMP-10 deficient (Mmp10(-/-)) mice. Functional changes were analyzed by small animal positron emission tomography and tissue morphology by immunohistochemistry. Gene expression and protein analysis were used to study the molecular mechanisms governed by MMP-10 in hypoxia. Early after ischemia, MMP-10 deficiency resulted in delayed tissue reperfusion (10%, P < 0.01) and in increased necrosis (2-fold, P < 0.01), neutrophil (4-fold, P < 0.01), and macrophage (1.5-fold, P < 0.01) infiltration. These differences at early time points resulted in delayed myotube regeneration in Mmp10(-/-) soleus at later stages (regenerating myofibers: 30 ± 9% WT vs. 68 ± 10% Mmp10(-/-), P < 0.01). The injection of MMP-10 into Mmp10(-/-) mice rescued the observed phenotype. A molecular analysis revealed higher levels of Cxcl1 mRNA (10-fold, P < 0.05) and protein (30%) in the ischemic Mmp10(-/-) muscle resulting from a lack of transcriptional inhibition by MMP-10. This was further confirmed using siRNA against MMP-10 in vivo. Our results demonstrate an important role of MMP-10 for proper muscle repair after ischemia, and suggest that chemokine regulation such as Cxcl1 by MMP-10 is involved in muscle regeneration
Autores: Orbe Lopategui, Josune; Alexandru, N.; Roncal Mancho, Carmen; et al.
ISSN   0049-3848  Vol.   136    2  2015  págs.   445 - 450
BACKGROUND: Thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) plays an important role in coagulation and fibrinolysis. Whereas TAFI deficiency may lead to a haemorrhagic tendency, data from TAFI knockout mice (TAFI-/-) are controversial and no differences have been reported in these animals after ischemic stroke. There are also no data regarding the role of circulating microparticles (MPs) in TAFI-/-. OBJECTIVES: to examine the effect of tPA on the rate of intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) and on MPs generated in a model of ischemic stroke in TAFI-/- mice. METHODS: Thrombin was injected into the middle cerebral artery (MCA) to analyse the effect of tPA (10mg/Kg) on the infarct size and haemorrhage in the absence of TAFI. Immunofluorescence for Fluoro-Jade C was performed on frozen brain slides to analyse neuronal degeneration after ischemia. MPs were isolated from mouse blood and their concentrations calculated by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Compared with saline, tPA significantly increased the infarct size in TAFI-/- mice (p<0.05). Although plasma fibrinolytic activity (fibrin plate assay) was higher in these animals, no macroscopic or microscopic ICH was detected. A positive signal for apoptosis and degenerating neurons was observed in the infarct area, being significantly higher in tPA treated TAFI-/- mice (p<0.05). Interestingly, higher numbers of MPs were found in TAFI-/- plasma as compared to wild type, after stroke (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: TAFI deficiency results in increased brain damage in a model of thrombolysis after ischemic stroke, which was not associated with bleeding but with neuronal degeneration and MP production.
Autores: García Irigoyen, Oihane; Latasa Sada, María Ujué; Carotti, S.; et al.
ISSN   0270-9139  Vol.   62    1  2015  págs.   166 - 178
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) participate in tissue repair after acute injury, but also participate in cancer by promoting a protumorigenic microenvironment. Previously, we reported on a key role for MMP10 in mouse liver regeneration. Herein, we investigated MMP10 expression and function in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced mouse hepatocarcinogenesis. MMP10 was induced in human and murine HCC tissues and cells. MMP10-deficient mice showed less HCC incidence, smaller histological lesions, reduced tumor vascularization, and less lung metastases. Importantly, expression of the protumorigenic, C-X-C chemokine receptor-4 (CXCR4), was reduced in DEN-induced MMP10-deficient mice livers. Human HCC cells stably expressing MMP10 had increased CXCR4 expression and migratory capacity. Pharmacological inhibition of CXCR4 significantly reduced MMP10-stimulated HCC cell migration. Furthermore, MMP10 expression in HCC cells was induced by hypoxia and the CXCR4 ligand, stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF1), through the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 pathway, involving an activator protein 1 site in MMP10 gene promoter. CONCLUSION: MMP10 contributes to HCC development, participating in tumor angiogenesis, growth, and dissemination. We identified a new reciprocal crosstalk between MMP10 and the CXCR4/SDF1 axis contributing to HCC progression and metastasis. To our knowledge, this is the first report addressing the role of a MMP in hepatocarcinogenesis in the corresponding genetic mouse model.
Autores: García Irigoyen, Oihane; Latasa Sada, María Ujué; Carotti, S.; et al.
ISSN   0168-8278  Vol.   62    Supl. 2  2015  págs.   S242
Autores: Martínez-Aguilar, E.; Gómez-Rodríguez, V.; Orbe Lopategui, Josune; et al.
ISSN   0741-5214  Vol.   61    2  2015  págs.   428 - 435
Objective: Peripheral arterial disease ( PAD) is associated with poor prognosis in terms of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) contribute to vascular remodeling by degrading extracellular matrix components and play a role in atherosclerosis as demonstrated for MMP-10 (stromelysin-2). This study analyzed MMP-10 levels in PAD patients according to disease severity and CV risk factors and evaluated the prognostic value of MMP-10 for CV events and mortality in lower limb arterial disease after a follow-up period of 2 years. Methods: MMP-10 was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 187 PAD patients and 200 sex-matched controls. Results: PAD patients presented with increased levels of MMP-10 (702 +/- 326 pg/mL control vs 946 +/- 473 pg/mL PAD; P < .001) and decreased levels of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase 1 (312 +/- 117 ng/mL control vs 235 +/- 110 ng/mL PAD; P <.001) compared with controls. Among PAD patients, those with critical limb ischemia (n = 88) showed higher levels of MMP-10 (1086 6 478 pg/mL vs 822 6 436 pg/mL; P < .001) compared with those with intermittent claudication (n = 99), whereas the MMP-10/tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase 1 ratio remained similar. The univariate analysis showed an association between MMP-10, age (P = .015), hypertension (P = .021), and ankle-brachial index (P = .006) in PAD patients that remained significantly associated with PAD severity after adjustment for other CV risk factors. Patients with the highest MMP-10 tertile had an increased incidence of all-cause mortality and CV mortality (P < .03). Conclusions: Our results suggest that MMP-10 is associated with severity and poor outcome in PAD.
Autores: Lorente, L.; Martin, M. M.; Ramos, L.; et al.
ISSN   1471-2377  Vol.   15  2015  págs.   111
BACKGROUND: In the last years, circulating matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-9 levels have been associated with functional outcome in ischemic stroke patients. However the prognostic value of circulating levels of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 and MMP-10 in functional outcome of ischemic stroke patients has been scarcely studied. In addition, to our knowledge, serum MMP-9, MMP-10 and TIMP-1 levels in patients with malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMCAI) for mortality prediction have not been studied, and these were the objectives of this study. METHODS: This was a multicenter, observational and prospective study carried out in six Spanish Intensive Care Units. We included patients with severe MMCAI defined as Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) lower than 9. We measured circulating levels of MMP-9, MMP-10, TIMP-1, in 50 patients with severe MMCAI at diagnosis and in 50 healthy subjects. Endpoint was 30-day mortality. RESULTS: Patients with severe MMCAI showed higher serum levels of MMP-9 (p = 0.001), MMP-10 (p < 0.001), and TIMP-1 (p = 0.02) than healthy subjects. Non-surviving MMCAI patients (n = 26) compared to survivor ones (n = 24) showed higher circulating levels of TIMP-1 (p < 0.001), MMP-10 (p = 0.02) and PAI-1(p = 0.02), and lower MMP-9 levels (p = 0.04). Multiple binomial logistic regression analysis showed that serum TIMP-1 levels > 239 ng/mL are associated with 30-day mortality (OR = 5.82; 95% CI = 1.37-24.73; P = 0.02) controlling for GCS and age. The area under the curve for TIMP-1 as predictor of 30-day mortality was 0.81 (95% CI = 0.67-0.91; P < 0.001). We found an association between circulating levels of TIMP-1 and MMP-10 (rho = 0.45; P = 0.001), plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 (rho = 0.53; P < 0.001), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha (rho = 0.70; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The most relevant and new findings of our study, were that serum TIMP-1 levels in MMCAI patients were associated with mortality, and could be used as a prognostic biomarker of mortality in MMCAI patients.
Autores: Lorente, L.; Martín, M. M.; Solé-Violán, J.; et al.
Revista: PLOS ONE
ISSN   1932-6203  Vol.   9    4  2014  págs.   e94318
Objective: Higher circulating levels of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 at the time of severe sepsis diagnosis have been reported in nonsurviving than in surviving patients. However, the following questions remain unanswered: 1) Does TIMP-1/MMP-9 ratio differ throughout the first week of intensive care between surviving and nonsurviving patients? 2) Is there an association between TIMP-1/MMP-9 ratio and sepsis severity and mortality during such period? 3) Could TIMP-1/MMP-9 ratio during the first week be used as an early biomarker of sepsis outcome? 4) Is there an association between TIMP-1/MMP-9 ratio and coagulation state and circulating cytokine levels during the first week of intensive care in these patients? The present study sought to answer these questions. Methods: Multicenter, observational and prospective study carried out in six Spanish Intensive Care Units (ICUs) of 295 patients with severe sepsis. Were measured circulating levels of TIMP-1, MMP-9, tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-10 and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 at day 1, 4 and 8. End-point was 30-day mortality. Results: We found higher TIMP-1/MMP-9 ratio during the first week in non-surviving (n = 98) than in surviving patients (n = 197) (p<0.01). Logistic regression analyses showed that TIMP-1/MMP-9 ratio at days 1, 4 and 8 was associated with mortality. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves showed that TIMP-1/MMP-9 ratio at days 1, 4 and 8 could predict mortality. There was an association between TIMP-1/MMP-9 ratio and TNF-alpha, IL-10, PAI-1 and lactic acid levels, SOFA score and platelet count at days 1, 4 and 8. Conclusions: The novel findings of our study were that non-surviving septic patients showed persistently higher TIMP-1/MMP-9 ratio than survivors ones during the first week, which was associated with severity, coagulation state, circulating cytokine levels and mortality; thus representing a new biomarker of sepsis outcome.
Autores: Bobadilla Muñoz, Miriam; Sáinz Amillo, Neira; Rodríguez García, José Antonio; et al.
Revista: STEM CELL
ISSN   1945-4570  Vol.   32    2  2014  págs.   447 - 461
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of endopeptidases that are involved in the degradation of extracellular matrix components, have been implicated in skeletal muscle regeneration. Among the MMPs, MMP-2 and MMP-9 are upregulated in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a fatal X-linked muscle disorder. However, inhibition or overexpression of specific MMPs in a mouse model of DMD (mdx) has yielded mixed results regarding disease progression, depending on the MMP studied. Here, we have examined the role of MMP-10 in muscle regeneration during injury and muscular dystrophy. We found that skeletal muscle increases MMP-10 protein expression in response to damage (notexin) or disease (mdx mice), suggesting its role in muscle regeneration. In addition, we found that MMP-10-deficient muscles displayed impaired recruitment of endothelial cells, reduced levels of extracellular matrix proteins, diminished collagen deposition, and decreased fiber size, which collectively contributed to delayed muscle regeneration after injury. Also, MMP-10 knockout in mdx mice led to a deteriorated dystrophic phenotype. Moreover, MMP-10 mRNA silencing in injured muscles (wild-type and mdx) reduced muscle regeneration, while addition of recombinant human MMP-10 accelerated muscle repair, suggesting that MMP-10 is required for efficient muscle regeneration. Furthermore, our data suggest that MMP-10-mediated muscle repair is associated with VEGF/Akt signaling. Thus, our findings indicate that MMP-10 is
Autores: Orbe Lopategui, Josune; Rodríguez García, José Antonio; Sanchez, J. A.; et al.
ISSN   0008-6363  Vol.   103    Supl. 1  2014  págs.   P230
Autores: Orbe Lopategui, Josune; Rodríguez García, José Antonio; Sanchez, J. A.; et al.
ISSN   0065-7727  Vol.   248  2014 
Autores: Bobadilla Muñoz, Miriam; Sáinz Amillo, Neira; Abizanda Sarasa, Gloria María; et al.
ISSN   1547-3287  Vol.   23    12  2014  págs.   1417-1427
The CXCR4/SDF1 axis participates in various cellular processes, including cell migration, which is essential for skeletal muscle repair. Although increasing evidence has confirmed the role of CXCR4/SDF1 in embryonic muscle development, the function of this pathway during adult myogenesis remains to be fully elucidated. In addition, a role for CXCR4 signaling in muscle maintenance and repair has only recently emerged. Here, we have demonstrated that CXCR4 and stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF1) are up-regulated in injured muscle, suggesting their involvement in the repair process. In addition, we found that notexin-damaged muscles showed delayed muscle regeneration on treatment with CXCR4 agonist (AMD3100). Accordingly, small-interfering RNA-mediated silencing of SDF1 or CXCR4 in injured muscles impaired muscle regeneration, whereas the addition of SDF1 ligand accelerated repair. Furthermore, we identified that CXCR4/SDF1-regulated muscle repair was dependent on matrix metalloproteinase-10 (MMP-10) activity. Thus, our findings support a model in which MMP-10 activity modulates CXCR4/SDF1 signaling, which is essential for efficient skeletal muscle regeneration.
Autores: García Irigoyen, Oihane; Carotti, S.; Latasa Sada, María Ujué; et al.
ISSN   1478-3223  Vol.   34    7  2013  págs.   e257 - e270
Background & Aims Upon tissue injury, the liver mounts a potent reparative and regenerative response. A role for proteases, including serine and matrix metalloproteinases ( MMPs), in this process is increasingly recognized. We have evaluated the expression and function of MMP10 (stromelysin-2) in liver wound healing and regeneration. Methods The hepatic expression of MMP10 was examined in two murine models: liver regeneration after two-thirds partial hepatectomy (PH) and bile duct ligation (BDL). MMP10 was detected in liver tissues by qPCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The effect of growth factors and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) agonists on MMP10 expression was studied in cultured parenchymal and biliary epithelial cells and macrophages respectively. The role of MMP10 was evaluated by comparing the response of Mmp10+/+ and Mmp10¿/¿ mice to PH and BDL. The intrahepatic turnover of the extracellular matrix proteins fibrin (ogen) and fibronectin was examined. Results MMP10 mRNA was readily induced after PH and BDL. MMP10 protein was detected in hepatocytes, cholangiocytes and macrophages. In cultured liver epithelial cells, MMP10 expression was additively induced by transforming growth factor-ß and epidermal growth factor receptor ligands. TLR4 ligands also stimulated MMP10 expression in macrophages. Lack of MMP10 resulted in increased liver injury upon PH and BDL. Resolution of necrotic areas was impaired, and Mmp10¿/¿ mice showed increased fibrogenesis and defective turnover of fibrin (ogen) and fibronectin. Conclusions MMP10 expression is induced during mouse liver injury and participates in the hepatic wound healing response. The profibrinolytic activity of MMP10 may be essential in this novel hepatoprotective role.
Autores: Lorente, L.; Martin, M.; Plasencia, F.; et al.
ISSN   1466-609X  Vol.   17    3  2013  págs.   R94
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have found higher circulating levels of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 in nonsurviving septic patients than in surviving septic patients, and an association between the 372 T/C genetic polymorphism of TIMP-1 and the risk of developing certain diseases. However, the relationship between genetic polymorphisms of TIMP-1, circulating TIMP-1 levels and survival in patients with severe sepsis has not been examined, and this was the objective of the study. METHODS: This multicentre, prospective, observational study was carried out in six Spanish ICUs. We determined the 372 T/C genetic polymorphism of TIMP-1 (rs4898), serum levels of TIMP-1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, MMP-10, TNF¿, IL-10 and plasma plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). Survival at 30 days from ICU admission was the endpoint assessed. The association between continuous variables was carried out using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient or Spearman's rho coefficient. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to determine the association between the 372 T/C genetic polymorphism and survival 30 days from ICU admission. RESULTS: Of 275 patients with severe sepsis, 80 had genotype CC, 55 had genotype CT and 140 had genotype TT of the 372 T/C genetic polymorphism of TIMP-1. Patients with the T allele showed higher serum levels of TIMP-1 than patients without the T allele (P=0.004). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the T allele was associated with higher mortality at 30 days (odds ratio=2.08; 95% confidence interval=1.06 to 4.09; P=0.03). Survival analysis showed that patients with the T allele presented lower 30-day survival than patients without the T allele (¿2=5.77; P=0.016). We found an association between TIMP-1 levels and levels of MMP-9 (¿=-0.19; P=0.002), MMP-10 (¿=0.55; P<0.001), TNF¿ (¿=0.56; P<0.001), IL-10 (¿=0.48; P<0.001) and PAI-1 (¿=0.49; P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The novel findings of our study are that septic patients with the T allele in the 372 T/C genetic polymorphism of TIMP-1 showed higher serum TIMP-1 levels and lower survival rate. The determination of the 372 T/C genetic polymorphism of TIMP-1 thus has prognostic implications and could help in the selection of patients who may benefit from modulation of the MMP/TIMP balance.
Autores: Rodríguez García, José Antonio (Autor de correspondencia); Sobrino T.; Orbe Lopategui, Josune; et al.
ISSN   1538-7933  Vol.   11    8  2013  págs.   1464 - 1473
Background: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) mediate tissue injury during stroke but also neurovascular remodeling and we have shown that MMP-10 is involved in atherothrombosis. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between proMMP-10 and clinical outcome, assessing inflammatory and proteolytic markers, in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Methods: We prospectively studied 76 patients with ischemic stroke treated with tPA within the first 3 h from symptom onset, compared with 202 non-tPA-treated ischemic stroke patients and 83 asymptomatic subjects. Stroke severity was assessed with the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) and severe brain edema were diagnosed by cranial CT. Good functional outcome was defined as a modified Rankin scale score ¿ 2 at 90 days. Serum levels of MMP-9, proMMP-10, TIMP-1, tumor necrosis factor-¿ (TNF¿), interleukin-6 and cellular fibronectin were measured at admission. The effect of TNF¿ on endothelial proMMP-10 was assessed in vitro. Results: Serum proMMP-10 concentration in ischemic stroke patients, non-treated or treated with t-PA, which was higher than age-matched healthy subjects (P < 0.0001), was independently associated with higher infarct volume, severe brain edema, neurological deterioration and poor functional outcome at 3 months (all P < 0.05), but not with HT. proMMP-10 levels were also independently and positively associated with circulating levels of TNF¿ (P < 0.0001), which induced its endothelial expression in vitro, both mRNA and protein. MMP-9, however, was only associated with HT and severe edema (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: Increased serum proMMP-10 after acute ischemic stroke, associated with TNF¿, is a new marker of brain damage and poor outcome.
Autores: Martínez de Lizarrondo Iriarte, Sara; Roncal Mancho, Carmen; calvayrac, o; et al.
Revista: Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis and vascular biology (Print)
ISSN   1079-5642  Vol.   32    6  2012  págs.   1477 - 1487
Autores: Lorente, L; Martin, M; Varo Cenarruzabeitia, Nerea; et al.
Revista: Critical care medicine
ISSN   0090-3493  Vol.   15    2  2011  págs.   1 - 8
Autores: Orbe Lopategui, Josune; Barrenetxe, J; Rodríguez García, José Antonio; et al.
Revista: Circulation
ISSN   0009-7322  Vol.   124    25  2011  págs.   2909 - 2919
BACKGROUND: The fibrinolytic and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) systems cooperate in thrombus dissolution and extracellular matrix proteolysis. The plasminogen/plasmin system activates MMPs, and some MMPs have been involved in the dissolution of fibrin by targeting fibrin(ogen) directly or by collaborating with plasmin. MMP-10 has been implicated in inflammatory/thrombotic processes and vascular integrity, but whether MMP-10 could have a profibrinolytic effect and represent a promising thrombolytic agent is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: The effect of MMP-10 on fibrinolysis was studied in vitro and in vivo, in MMP-10-null mice (Mmp10(-/-)), with the use of 2 different murine models of arterial thrombosis: laser-induced carotid injury and ischemic stroke. In vitro, we showed that MMP-10 was capable of enhancing tissue plasminogen activator-induced fibrinolysis via a thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor inactivation-mediated mechanism. In vivo, delayed fibrinolysis observed after photochemical carotid injury in Mmp10(-/-) mice was reversed by active recombinant human MMP-10. In a thrombin-induced stroke model, the reperfusion and the infarct size in sham or tissue plasminogen activator-treated animals were severely impaired in Mmp10(-/-) mice. In this model, administration of active MMP-10 to wild-type animals significantly reduced blood reperfusion time and infarct size to the same extent as tissue plasminogen activator and was associated with shorter bleeding time and no intracranial hemorrhage. This effect was not observed in thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor-deficient mice, suggesting thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor inactivation as one of the mechanisms involved in the MMP-10 profibrinolytic effect. CONCLUSIONS: A novel profibrinolytic role for MMP-10 in experimental ischemic stroke is described, opening new pathways for innovative fibrinolytic strategies in arterial thrombosis.
Autores: Páramo Fernández, José Antonio; Orbe Lopategui, Josune; Rodríguez García, José Antonio
ISSN   1138-0381  Vol.   95    Extra 1  2010  págs.   445 - 449
Autores: Coll, B.; Rodríguez García, José Antonio; Craver, L.; et al.
ISSN   0085-2538  Vol.   78    12  2010  págs.   1275 - 1280
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD). As matrix metalloproteinases have a major role in atherosclerosis, we hypothesized that alterations in metalloproteinases-8, -10 and their tissue inhibitor-1 can be associated with the severity of atherosclerosis in patients with kidney disease. This was evaluated in a cross-sectional, observational study of 111 patients with stages I-V kidney disease, 217 patients on dialysis and 50 healthy controls. The severity of atherosclerosis was estimated with the atherosclerosis score (AS), combining the results of ankle-brachial index and carotid ultrasound. Serum levels of the two metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitor-1 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and were significantly increased in patients with kidney disease compared with the healthy controls, and higher in patients on dialysis than in earlier stages of CKD. The severity of the AS was also more prevalent in the dialysis group, in which serum levels of both metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitor-1 were significantly higher. After multivariate analysis, metalloproteinase-10, dialysis, C-reactive protein, age, and male gender were associated with increased risk of atherosclerosis. Thus, patients with CKD exhibit elevated levels of circulating metalloproteinase-10, and this was independently associated with the severity of atherosclerosis and may represent a new biomarker of atherosclerotic diseases.