Nuestros investigadores

José Javier Aristu Mendioroz

Departamento
Oncología Radioterápica
Clínica Universidad de Navarra. Clínica Universidad de Navarra

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: García, Marc; et al.
Revista: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
ISSN 2041-1723  Vol. 10  Nº 1  2019  págs. 2235
Pediatric high-grade glioma (pHGG) and diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPGs) are aggressive pediatric brain tumors in desperate need of a curative treatment. Oncolytic virotherapy is emerging as a solid therapeutic approach. Delta-24-RGD is a replication competent adenovirus engineered to replicate in tumor cells with an aberrant RB pathway. This virus has proven to be safe and effective in adult gliomas. Here we report that the administration of Delta-24-RGD is safe in mice and results in a significant increase in survival in immunodeficient and immunocompetent models of pHGG and DIPGs. Our results show that the Delta-24-RGD antiglioma effect is mediated by the oncolytic effect and the immune response elicited against the tumor. Altogether, our data highlight the potential of this virus as treatment for patients with these tumors. Of clinical significance, these data have led to the start of a phase I/II clinical trial at our institution for newly diagnosed DIPG (NCT03178032).
Autores: San-Julian M; Cambeiro, Felix Mauricio; et al.
Revista: RADIOTHERAPY AND ONCOLOGY
ISSN 0167-8140  Vol. 135  2019  págs. 91 - 99
Background: To analyze toxicity, patterns of failure, and survival in 106 adult patients with soft tissue sarcomas of the extremity and the superficial trunk treated in a prospective controlled trial of combined Perioperative High Dose Rate Brachytherapy (PHDRB) and external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). Methods: Patients were treated with surgical resection and 16 Gy or 24 Gy of PHDRB for negative or close/positive margins, respectively. EBRT (45 Gy) was added postoperatively. Adjuvant chemotherapy was given to selected patients with high-grade tumors. Results: The median follow-up was 7.1 years (range, 0.6-16.0). Grade >= 3 adverse events were observed in 22 patients (20.8%), and grade >= 4 events in 14 patients (13.2%). No grade 5 events were noted. Multivariate analysis (p = 0.003) found that Grade >= 3 toxic events increased with increasing implant volume (TV100). Local control, locoregional control, and distant control rates at 5 and 10 years were 89% and 87%, 82% and 80% and 75% and 69%, respectively. Multivariate analysis (p = 0.024) found that positive margins correlated with decreased local control. Disease-free survival and overall survival rates at 5 and 10 years were 64% and 59% and 73% and 62%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, disease-free survival rates decreased with increasing tumor size (p = 0.0001) and inadequate margins (p = 0.024), and overall survival decreased with increasing tumor size (p = 0.001) and male gender (p = 0.039). Conclusions: The combination of conservative surgery, high-dose PHDRB, and EBRT produces adequate function and local control in the majority of patients with soft tissue sarcomas of the extremities and the superficial trunk, including a substantial percentage of cases with positive margins. Patients with larger tumors are at a higher risk of complications, treatment failure, and cancer-related death and require an individualized treatment approach. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Autores: Diez Valle, Ricardo; Gállego, Jaime; et al.
Revista: PLOS ONE
ISSN 1932-6203  Vol. 14  Nº 6  2019  págs. e0217881
Background Hypofractionated radiation therapy is a feasible and safe treatment option in elderly and frail patients with glioblastoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of hypofractionated radiation therapy with concurrent temozolomide in terms of feasibility and disease control in primary glioblastoma patients with poor prognostic factors other than advanced age, such as post-surgical neurological complications, high tumor burden, unresectable or multifocal lesions, and potential low treatment compliance due to social factors or rapidly progressive disease. Material and methods GTV included the surgical cavity plus disease visible in T1WI-MRI, FLAIR-MRI and in the MET-uptake. The CTV was defined as the GTV plus 1.5-2 cm margin; the PTV was the CTV+0.3 cm margin. Forty, fourty-five, and fifty grays in 15 fractions were prescribed to 95% of PTV, CTV, and GTV, respectively. Treatment was delivered using IMRT or the VMAT technique. Simultaneously, 75 mg/m(2)/day of temozolomide were administered. Results Between January 2010 and November 2017, we treated a total of 17 patients. The median age at diagnosis was 68-years; median KPS was 50-70%. MGMT-methylation status was negative in 5 patients, and 8 patients were IDH-wildtype. Eight of 18 patients were younger than 65-years. Median tumor volume was 26.95cc; median PTV volume was 322cc. Four lesions were unresectable; 6 patients underwent complete surgical resection. Median residual volume was 1.14cc. Progression-free survival was 60% at 6 months, 33% at 1-year and 13% at 2-years (median OS = 7 months). No acute grade 3-5 toxicities were documented. Symptomatic grade 3 radiation necrosis was observed in one patient. Conclusions Patients with poor clinical factors other than advanced age can be selected for hypofractionated radiotherapy. The OS and PFS rates obtained in our series are similar to those in patients treated with standard fractionation, assuring good treatment adherence, low rates of toxicity and probable improved cost-effectiveness.
Autores: Lara, P. C., (Autor de correspondencia); Rodriguez, A.; Ferrer, C.; et al.
Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS
ISSN 0360-3016  Vol. 100  Nº 2  2018  págs. 292 - 296
Autores: Rodríguez, I.; Leaman, O.; et al.
Revista: PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS
ISSN 1879-016X  Vol. 196  2018  págs. 195 - 203
Radiotherapy of cancer has been traditionally considered as a local therapy without noticeable effects outside the irradiated fields. However, ionizing radiation exerts multiple biological effects on both malignant and stromal cells that account for a complex spectrum of mechanisms beyond simple termination of cancer cells. In the era of immunotherapy, interest in radiation-induced inflammation and cell death has considerably risen, since these mechanisms lead to profound changes in the systemic immune response against cancer antigens. Immunotherapies such as immunomodulatory monoclonal antibodies (anti-PD-1, anti-CTLA-4, anti-CD137, anti-OX40, anti-CD40, anti-TGFß), TLR-agonists, and adoptive T-cell therapy have been synergistically combined with radiotherapy in mouse models. Importantly, radiation and immunotherapy combinations do not only act against the irradiated tumor but also against distant non-irradiated metastases (abscopal effects). A series of clinical trials are exploring the beneficial effects of radioimmunotherapy combinations. The concepts of crosspriming of tumor neoantigens and immunogenic cell death are key elements underlying this combination efficacy. Proinflamatory changes in the vasculature of the irradiated lesions and in the cellular composition of the leukocyte infiltrates in the tumor microenvironment contribute to raise or dampen cancer immunogenicity. It should be stressed that not all effects of radiotherapy favor antitumor immunity as there are counterbalancing mechanisms such as TGFß and VEGFs that inhibit the efficacy of the antitumor immune response, hence offering additional therapeutic targets to suppress. All in all, radiotherapy and immunotherapy are compatible and often synergistic approaches against cancer that jointly target irradiated and non-irradiated malignant lesions in the same patient.
Autores: Inoges S; López, A; et al.
Revista: NEURO-ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1522-8517  Vol. 20  Nº Supl. 3  2018  págs. 243 - 243
Autores: Azcona, Juan Diego; Moreno, Marta; et al.
Revista: MEDICAL PHYSICS
ISSN 0094-2405  Vol. 45  Nº 6  2018  págs. E523 - E524
Autores: Marigil, M. ; Aristu, José Javier; et al.
Revista: CANCER RESEARCH
ISSN 0008-5472  Vol. 78  Nº 13 Supl.  2018 
Autores: Tejada, Sonia; Varela-Guruceaga M; et al.
Revista: NEURO-ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1522-8517  Vol. 20  Nº Supl.2  2018  págs. S52
Autores: Arbea, Leire; et al.
Revista: NEURO-ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1522-8517  Vol. 20  Nº Supl. 3  2018  págs. 251 - 252
Autores: Garcia-Consuegra, A.; et al.
Revista: NEURO-ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1522-8517  Vol. 20  Nº Supl. 3  2018  págs. 253 - 253
Autores: Cambeiro, Felix Mauricio; Díez Caballero, Fernando José; et al.
Revista: RADIOTHERAPY AND ONCOLOGY
ISSN 0167-8140  Vol. 127  Nº Supl. 1  2018  págs. S129 - S129
Autores: Garasa, S.; Rodriguez, I.; et al.
Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS
ISSN 0360-3016  Vol. 97  Nº 2  2017  págs. 389 - 400
Purpose/Objectives: The goal of this study was to assess the effects of ionizing radiation on the expression of the integrin ligands ICAM-1 and VCAM that control leucocyte transit by lymphatic endothelial cells. Materials/Methods: Confluent monolayers of primary human lymphatic endothelial cells (LEC) were irradiated with single dose of 2, 5, 10 or 20 Gy, with 6 MeV-x-rays using a Linear-Accelerator. ICAM-1 and VCAM expression was determined by flow cytometry. Human tissue specimens received a single dose of 20 Gy with 15 MeV-x-rays. MC38, B16-OVA or B16-VEGF-C tumors grown in C57BL/6 mice were irradiated with single dose of 20Gy using a Linear-Accelerator fitted with a 10mm Radiosurgery collimator. Clinical samples were obtained from patients previous and 4 weeks after complete standard radiotherapy. ICAM-1 and VCAM expression was detected in all tissue specimens by confocal microscopy. To understand the role of TGF beta in this process anti-TGF beta blocking mAb were injected i.p. 30min before radiotherapy. Cell adhesion to irradiated LEC was analyzed in adhesion experiments performed in the presence or in the absence of anti- TGF beta and /or anti-ICAM1 blocking mAb. Results: We demonstrate that lymphatic endothelial cells in tumor samples experience induction of surface ICAM-1 and VCAM when exposed to ionizing radiation in a dose- and time-dependent manner. These effects can be recapitulated in cultured LEC, and are in part mediated by TGF beta. These data are consistent with increases in ICAM-1 and VCAM expression on LYVE-1+ endothelial cells in freshly explanted human tumor tissue and in mouse transplanted tumors after radiotherapy. Finally, ICAM-1 and VCAM expression accounts for enhanced adherence of human T lymphocytes to irradiated LEC. Conclusion: Our results show induction of ICAM-1 and VCAM on LVs in irradiated lesions and offer a starting point for elucidating the biological and therapeutic implications of targeting leukocyte traffic in combination to immunotherapy. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Autores: Inoges S; Tejada, Sonia; López, A; et al.
Revista: JOURNAL OF TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE
ISSN 1479-5876  Vol. 15  Nº 1  2017  págs. Article number 104
Background: Prognosis of patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) remains dismal, with median overall survival (OS) of about 15 months. It is therefore crucial to search alternative strategies that improve these results obtained with conventional treatments. In this context, immunotherapy seems to be a promising therapeutic option. We hypothesized that the addition of tumor lysate-pulsed autologous dendritic cells (DCs) vaccination to maximal safe resection followed by radiotherapy and concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide could improve patients' survival. Methods: We conducted a phase-II clinical trial of autologous DCs vaccination in patients with newly diagnosed patients GBM who were candidates to complete or near complete resection. Candidates were finally included if residual tumor volume was lower than 1 cc on postoperative radiological examination. Autologous DCs were generated from peripheral blood monocytes and pulsed with autologous whole tumor lysate. The vaccination calendar started before radiotherapy and was continued during adjuvant chemotherapy. Progression free survival (PFS) and OS were analyzed with the Kaplan-Meier method. Immune response were assessed in blood samples obtained before each vaccines. Results: Thirty-two consecutive patients were screened, one of which was a screening failure due to insufficient resection. Median age was 61 years (range 42-70). Karnofsky performance score (KPS) was 90-100 in 29%, 80 in 35.5% and 60-70 in 35.5% of cases. MGMT (O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase) promoter was methylated in 45.2% of patients. No severe adverse effects related to immunotherapy were registered. Median PFS was 12.7 months (CI 95% 7-16) and median OS was 23.4 months (95% CI 16-33.1). Increase in post-vaccination tumor specific immune response after vaccines (proliferation or cytokine production) was detected in 11/27 evaluated patients. No correlation between immune response and survival was found. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the addition of tumor lysate-pulsed autologous DCs vaccination to tumor resection and combined radio-chemotherapy is feasible and safe. A multicenter randomized clinical trial is warranted to evaluate the potential survival benefit of this therapeutic approach. Trial registration This phase-II trial was registered as EudraCT: 2009-009879-35 and ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01006044 retrospectively registered.
Autores: Martínez-Vélez, N.; Aristu, José Javier; et al.
Revista: NEURO-ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1522-8517  Vol. 19  2017  págs. 28 - 28
Autores: Aristu, José Javier; Castañón, Eduardo; et al.
Revista: CLINICAL & TRANSLATIONAL ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1699-3055  Vol. 18  Nº 3  2016  págs. 259 - 268
Introduction: Lung cancer is the most frequent neoplasm in humans. Surgery is considered the best therapeutic approach for stage I non-small lung cell cancer (NSCLC). However, a remarkable amount of patients are considered as inoperable. Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has risen as an option for those patients, rendering excellent results in quality of life and survival. Materials and methods: We analyzed clinical studies published between 2002 and 2015 which included SBRT as a treatment modality. Our own clinical series was analyzed as well. The patterns of failure following SBRT were investigated, together with the outcomes and the toxicity observed. Results: SBRT has proven to maintain an excellent local control. The analysis showed the tumor size and the histology as determinant factors for the response to treatment. Conclusion: According to the published evidence as well as our own experience, SBRT is a safe and feasible approach for early NSCLC. Its results may be comparable with surgery treatment.
Autores: Cambeiro, Felix Mauricio; Martínez, Fernando; Rodríguez-Spiteri, Natalia; et al.
Revista: BRACHYTHERAPY
ISSN 1538-4721  Vol. 15  Nº 4  2016  págs. 485 - 494
Purpose: To assess the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of free-hand intraoperative multicatheter breast implant (FHIOMBI) and perioperative high-dose-rate brachytherapy (PHDRBT) in early breast cancer. Methods and Materials: Patients with early breast cancer candidates for breast conservative surgery (BCS) were prospectively enrolled. Patients suitable for accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) (low or intermediate risk according GEC-ESTRO criteria) received PHDRBT (3.4 Gy BID × 10 in 5 days). Patients not suitable for APBI (high risk patients according GEC-ESTRO criteria) received PHDRBT boost (3.4 Gy BID × 4 in 2 days) followed by whole breast irradiation. Results: From June 2007 to November 2014, 119 patients were treated and 122 FHIOMBI procedures were performed. Median duration of FHIOMBI was 25 minutes. A median of eight catheters (range, 4-14) were used. No severe intraoperative complications were observed. Severe early postoperative complications (bleeding) were documented in 2 patients (1.6%), wound healing complications in 3 (2.4%), and infection (mastitis or abscess) in 2 (1.6%). PHDRBT was delivered as APBI in 88 cases (72.1%) and as a boost in 34 (27.8%). The median clinical target volume T was 40.8 cc (range, 12.3-160.5); median D90 was 3.32 Gy (range, 3.11-3.85); median dose homogeneity index was 0.72 (range, 0.48-0.82). With a median followup of 38.4 months (range, 8.7-98.7) no local, elsewhere, or regional relapses were observed; there was only one distant failure in PHDRBT boost. No major (acute or late) RTOG grade 3 or higher were documented in any of the 119 patients treated with PHDRBT. Cosmetic outcome in APBI patients was excellent or good in (87.0%) and fair or poor in (11.9%) while in boost patients was excellent or good in (76.4%) and fair in (23.5%). Conclusion: The FHIOMBI-PHDRBT program does not add complications to conservative surgery. It allows precise selection of APBI patients and offers excellent results in disease control and cosmetics. It also offers logistic advantages because it dramatically shortens the time of local treatment and avoids further invasive procedures.
Autores: Rico, M., (Autor de correspondencia); Martínez, E.; Pellejero, S.; et al.
Revista: CLINICAL & TRANSLATIONAL ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1699-3055  Vol. 18  Nº 10  2016  págs. 1011 - 1018
Purpose: In the present study we compared three different Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) treatment delivery techniques in terms of treatment time (TT) and their relation with intrafraction variation (IFV). Besides that, we analyzed if different clinical factors could have an influence on IFV. Finally, we appreciated the soundness of our margins. Materials and methods: Forty-five patients undergoing SBRT for stage I lung cancer or lung metastases up to 5 cm were included in the study. All underwent 4DCT scan to create an internal target volume (ITV) and a 5 mm margin was added to establish the planning target volume (PTV). Cone-beam CTs (CBCTs) were acquired before and after each treatment to quantify the IFV. Three different treatment delivery techniques were employed: fixed fields (FF), dynamically collimated arcs (AA) or a combination of both (FA). We studied if TT was different among these modalities of SBRT and whether TT and IFV were correlated. Clinical data related to patients and tumors were recorded as potential influential factors over the IFV. Results: A total of 52 lesions and 147 fractions were analyzed. Mean IFV for x-, y- and z-axis were 1 ± 1.16 mm, 1.29 ± 1.38 mm and 1.17 ± 1.08 mm, respectively. Displacements were encompassed by the 5 mm margin in 96.1 % of fractions. TT was significantly longer in FF therapy (24.76 ± 5.4 min), when compared with AA (15.30 ± 3.68 min) or FA (17.79 ± 3.52 min) (p < 0.001). Unexpectedly, IFV did not change significantly between them (p = 0.471). Age (p = 0.003) and left vs. right location (p = 0.005) were related to 3D shift ¿2 mm. In the multivariate analysis only age showed a significant impact on the IFV (OR = 1.07, p = 0.007). Conclusions: The choice of AA, FF or FA does not impact on IFV although FF treatment takes significantly longer treatment time. Our immobilization device offers enough accuracy and the 5 mm margin may be considered acceptable as it accounts for more than 95 % of tumor shifts. Age is the only clinical factor that influenced IFV significantly in our analysis.
Autores: Cambeiro, Felix Mauricio; Moreno, Marta; et al.
Revista: BRACHYTHERAPY
ISSN 1873-1449  Vol. 15  Nº 2  2016  págs. 127 - 135
Purpose: To compare rectal toxicity, urinary toxicity, and nadir+2 PSA relapse-free survival (bRFS) in two consecutive Phase II protocols of high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy used at the authors institution from 2001 to 2012. Methods and Materials: Patients with National Comprehensive Cancer Network high risk and very high risk prostate cancer enrolled in studies HDR4 (2001-2007, n = 183) and HDR2 (2007-2012, n = 56) were analyzed. Patients received minipelvis external beam radiation therapy/intensity-modulated external radiotherapy to 54 Gy and 2 years of androgen blockade along with HDR brachytherapy. HDR4 protocol consisted of four 4.75 Gy fractions delivered in 48 hours; the HDR2 protocol delivered two 9.5 Gy fractions in 24 hours. Average 2-Gy equivalent dose (¿/ß = 1.2) prostate D90 doses for the HDR4 and HDR2 groups were 89.8 Gy and 110.5 Gy, respectively (p = 0.0001). Both groups were well balanced regarding risk factors. Prior transurethral resection of the prostate was more frequent in the HDR2 group (p = 0.001). Results: After a median followup of 7.4 years (range, 2-11.2), there was no difference in adverse grade ¿ 2 rectal events (HDR4 = 10.4% vs. HDR2 = 12.5%; p = ns) or grade ¿3 (HDR4 = 2.2% vs. HDR2 = 3.6%; p = ns). No differences in urinary grade ¿2 adverse events (HDR4 = 23% vs. HDR2 = 26.8%; p = ns) or grade ¿3 (HDR4 = 7.7% vs. HDR2 = 8.9%; p = ns) were detected. The 7-year bRFS for HDR4 and HDR2 protocols was 88.7% and 87.8%, respectively (p = ns). Conclusions: HDR4 and HDR2 protocols produce similar results in terms of toxicity and bRFS at the intermediate time point of 7 years.
Autores: Lopez Martin, J. A.; de la Cruz Merino, L.; Arance Fernandez, A. M.; et al.
Revista: ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY
ISSN 0923-7534  Vol. 27  Nº Supl. 6  2016  págs. 1118P
Background: Estimated median overall survival (OS) in patients (pts) with brain metastases (BM) ranges between 1.8-10.5 months (mo). Ipilimumab (IPI) has shown activity against mel-BM. Radiation (RT) might be synergistic to anti-CTLA-4 blockade through an `abscopal¿ effect. Methods: Open label single stage multicenter phase 2 study, assuming a historical 20% 1-year survival rate (1y SR) with RT. Target sample size: 56 evaluable pts. Target 1y SR: 35% (¿= 0.05, ß= 0.2). Objectives: Primary: 1y SR; Secondary: progression free survival (PFS); OS; objective response rate (mWHO); safety and feasibility. Treatment: IPI 3 mg/Kg iv q 3 weeks (4 cycles); whole brain RT (WBRT) 30 Gy in 10 fractions (or equivalent), started between C1 and C2. Main eligibility: First episode of BM in mel pts; Karnofsky PS > 70%; Barthel Index > 10; RTOG-RPA class 2; measurable disease; LDH < 2 x ULN; not eligible for radical therapy; not experiencing rapid clinical deterioration; not requiring dexamethasone > 16 mg/d (or equivalent). Results: This is a preliminary analysis after recruiting 43/56 pts (Apr 2014 - Mar 2016). Demographical characteristics are shown in the table.
Autores: Martinez Velez, N.; Domínguez, Pablo Daniel; et al.
Revista: NEURO-ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1522-8517  Vol. 18  Nº Supl.6  2016  págs. 61
Autores: Cambeiro, Felix Mauricio, (Autor de correspondencia); Calvo, F. A.; Aristu, José Javier; et al.
Revista: RADIOTHERAPY AND ONCOLOGY
ISSN 0167-8140  Vol. 116  Nº 2  2015  págs. 316 - 322
Purpose To evaluate the influence of equivalent dose (EQD2) in clinical outcomes of patients with isolated locally recurrent tumors (ILRT), treated with salvage surgery and intra-operative electron beam radiation therapy (IOERT). Methods and materials We retrospectively reviewed 128 patients with non-metastatic ILRT of different tissues (soft tissue sarcomas, head and neck, uterine, and colorectal). Patients had received salvage surgery (R0/R1/R2) and IOERT. Previously not irradiated patients had received additional external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). Results IOERT was delivered at a median dose of 15 Gy (range, 5-25 Gy). Seventy-five patients (60.9%) received additional EBRT of 46 Gy. Median EQD2 of salvage program was 62 Gy and median EQD2 of exclusive IORT was 31.2 Gy. Median follow-up was 19.2 months (range: 1.3-220). Thirty-one patients (24.2%) developed severe (grade 3-5) complications. New locoregional recurrence was documented in 86 (67.2%) of the 123 cases. Five-year rates were 31% for locoregional control, 57% for distant metastasis-free and 31% for overall survival. On multivariate analysis, R0-1 vs. R2 resection (HR 2.2, 95 CI: 1.2-4.1) was statistically significant for locoregional recurrence and EQD2 ¿62 Gy for survival (HR 2.2, 95 CI: 1.1-4.1). Conclusions Surgical radicality (gross macroscopic resection) and radiation dose (EQD2 ¿62 Gy in radiation salvage program) are the dominant prognostic factors beside ILRT histology. Modest rates of long-term disease control are expected when both factors are fulfilled.
Autores: Gil, Ignacio; et al.
Revista: RADIATION ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1748-717X  Vol. 10  Nº 1  2015  págs. Article number 25
Background: Stereotactic ablative body radiation (SABR) is a novel and sophisticated radiation modality that involves the irradiation of extracranial tumors through precise and very high doses in patients with oligometastatic lung disease and primary lung tumors. Case presentation: A 52-year-old female with subclinical idiopathic interstitial lung disease (ILD) and oligometastatic lung disease from squamous urethral cancer who was treated with SABR for a metastatic lesion located in the right lower pulmonary lobe. The patient received a hypo-fractionated course of SABR. A 3D-conformal multifield technique was used with six coplanar and one non-coplanar statics beams. A 48Gy total dose in three fractions over six days was prescribed to the 95% of the PTV. The presence of idiopathic ILD and other identifiable underlying lung conditions were not taken into account as a constraint to prescribe a different than standard total dose or fractionation schedule. Six months after the SABR treatment, a CT-scan showed the presence of a pneumomediastinum with air outside the bronchial tree and within the subcutaneous tissue without co-existing pneumothorax. To our knowledge, this is the first case of pneumomediastinum appearing 6months after SABR treatment for a lung metastasis located in the perihiliar/central tumors region as defined by the RTOG protocols as the proximal bronchial tree. Conclusion: Radiation oncologist should be aware of the potential risk of severe lung toxicity caused by SABR in patients with ILD, especially when chemotherapy-induced pulmonary toxicity is administered in a short time interval.
Autores: Arbea, Leire, (Autor de correspondencia); Aristu, José Javier;
Revista: CURRENT COLORECTAL CANCER REPORTS
ISSN 1556-3804  Vol. 11  Nº 6  2015  págs. 345 - 351
Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) as neoadjuvant treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) patients has been explored by some authors since 2006. Dosimetrical analyses and clinical outcomes have been published in recent years. Although there are encouraging dosimetrical results, there are no solid clinical data supporting the routine use of IMRT for preoperative treatment of LARC patients. In this article, we analyze the published dosimetrical and clinical data and current evidence for the use of IMRT in LARC patients. We hypothesize the role of IMRT to treat rectal cancer patients in the current technological age. The small bowel dose reduction that could lead to a reduction in GI toxicity and encourage higher rates of compliance, the potential dose escalation to the target volume, and the integration with higher doses of chemotherapy and its potential implications to optimize clinical outcomes in terms of toxicity and efficacy are discussed.
Autores: Cambeiro, Felix Mauricio, (Autor de correspondencia); Aristu, José Javier; Moreno, Marta; et al.
Revista: BRACHYTHERAPY
ISSN 1873-1449  Vol. 14  Nº 1  2015  págs. 62 - 70
Purpose: To assess the toxicity and efficacy of salvage wide resection (SWR) with intraoperative electron beam radiation therapy (IOERT) or perioperative high-dose-rate brachytherapy (PHDRB) in previously unirradiated patients (PUP) vs. previously irradiated patients (PIP) with isolated local recurrence of soft tissue sarcomas (STS) of the extremities and the superficial trunk. Methods and Materials: PUP received SWR and IOERT/PHDRB with external beam radiation therapy. PIP received SWR and IOERT/PHDRB only. Results: Fifty patients were analyzed retrospectively. PUP (. n= 24; 48%) received IOERT (. n= 13) or PHDRB (. n= 11). PIP (. n= 26; 52%) received IOERT (. n= 10) or PHDRB (. n= 16). Reintervention because of complications was not required in PUP. Nine of 26 (34%) PIP required reintervention (. p= 0.01). After a median followup of 3.7years (range, 0.2-18.3), the 5-year rates of locoregional control, distant control, and overall survival were 54%, 66%, and 56%, respectively. Five-year locoregional control was higher in PUP than in PIP (81% vs. 26%, p= 0.01) and in the extremity locations compared with trunk locations (68% vs. 28%, p= 0.001). Five-year overall survival was superior in unifocal vs. multifocal presentations (70% vs. 36%, p= 0.03) and for tumor sizes <4 vs. ¿4cm (74% vs. 50%, p= 0.05). Conclusions: Prior irradiation is the main determinant of locoregional control in patients with isolated local recurrence of STS. The locoregional control rates in PUP were similar to those described in primary STS. In PIP, SWR+IOERT/PHDRB reirradiation yielded modest locoregional control rates and was associated with significant morbidity, especially in PHDRB cases.
Autores: Prieto, Elena; Marti-Climent, JM; Marisol Gómez Fernández; et al.
Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY
ISSN 2222-3959  Vol. 33  Nº 2  2014  págs. 79 - 86
Objetivo Diseñar una técnica novedosa de adquisición ex-vivo para establecer un marco común de validación de diferentes técnicas de segmentación para imágenes PET oncológicas. Evaluar sobre estas imágenes el funcionamiento de varios algoritmos de segmentación automática. Material y métodos En 15 pacientes oncológicos se realizaron estudios PET ex-vivo de las piezas quirúrgicas extraídas durante la cirugía, previa inyección de 18F-FDG, adquiriéndose imágenes en 2 tomógrafos: un PET/CT clínico y un tomógrafo PET de alta resolución. Se determinó el volumen tumoral real en cada paciente, generándose una imagen de referencia para la segmentación de cada tumor. Las imágenes se segmentaron con 12 algoritmos automáticos y con un método estándar para PET (umbral relativo del 42%) y se evaluaron los resultados mediante parámetros cuantitativos. Resultados La segmentación de imágenes PET de piezas quirúrgicas ha demostrado que para imágenes PET de alta resolución 8 de las 12 técnicas de segmentación evaluadas superan al método estándar del 42%. Sin embargo, ninguno de los algoritmos superó al método estándar en las imágenes procedentes del PET/CT clínico. Debido al gran interés de este conjunto de imágenes PET, todos los estudios se han publicado a través de Internet con el fin de servir de marco común de validación y comparación de diferentes técnicas de segmentación. Conclusiones Se ha propuesto una técnica novedosa para validar técnicas de segmentación para imágenes PET oncológicas, adquiriéndose estudios ex-vivo de piezas quirúrgicas. Se ha demostrado la utilidad de este conjunto de imágenes PET mediante la evaluación de varios algoritmos automáticos.
Autores: Idoate, Miguel Ángel; Echeveste, José Ignacio; Diez Valle, Ricardo; et al.
Revista: NEUROPATHOLOGY AND APPLIED NEUROBIOLOGY
ISSN 0305-1846  Vol. 40  Nº 6  2014  págs. 736 - 746
AIMS: Glioblastomas display marked phenotypic and molecular heterogeneity. The expression of the PTEN protein in glioblastomas also shows great intratumour heterogeneity, but the significance of this heterogeneity has so far received little attention. METHODS: We conducted a comparative study on paraffin and frozen samples from 60 glioblastomas. Based on PTEN immunostaining, paraffin glioblastomas were divided into positive (homogeneous staining) and both positive and negative (heterogeneous staining) tumours. DNA was extracted from manually microdissected samples from representative areas, and from frozen samples taken randomly from the same tumours. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of 10q23 and hypermethylation status of the PTEN promoter were studied, and the molecular findings were correlated with overall survival. RESULTS: PTEN protein was present heterogeneously in 42 cases and homogeneously in 18 cases. In homogeneous glioblastomas, no correlation was found between PTEN protein expression and the LOH of the gene. Surprisingly, in the heterogeneous glioblastomas, LOH was found significantly more frequently (P < 0.001) in PTEN-positive areas (81%) than in PTEN-negative ones (35.7%). In general, molecular results of frozen tissue were representative of the tumour. Only two cases of methylation of the PTEN promoter were identified. A significant difference was found for overall survival for LOH10q23 status (P = 0.005) and for homogeneous vs. heterogeneous tumours (P = 0.014). CONCLUSION: The expression of PTEN protein does not correlate with the abnormalities of the LOH of the gene. Interestingly, patients with glioblastomas presenting either LOH of 10q23 or heterogeneous PTEN expression have a poorer prognosis.
Autores: Diez Valle, Ricardo; López, A; Inoges S; et al.
Revista: WORLD JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY
ISSN 2218-4333  Vol. 3  Nº 11  2012  págs. 142-149
Active immunotherapy with tumor lysate-pulsed, autologous dendritic cells is feasible, safe, well tolerated and biologically efficacious. A phase-II study is ongoing to possibly improve further on our very encouraging clinical results.
Autores: Guillén-Grima, F; et al.
Revista: CLINICAL AND TRANSLATIONAL ONCOLOGY
ISSN 1699-048X  Vol. 14  Nº 11  2012  págs. 835-41
The management of operable locally advanced N2 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a controversial topic. Concurrent chemoradiation (CT-RT) is considered the standard of care for inoperable or unresectable patients, but the role of trimodality treatment remains controversial. We present our institution's experience with the management of stage III (N2) NSCLC patients, analyzing whether the addition of surgery improves survival when compared with definitive CT-RT alone. METHODS: From 1996 to 2006, 72 N2 NSCLC patients were treated. Thirty-four patients received cisplatin-based induction chemotherapy, followed by paclitaxel-cisplatin CT-RT, and 38 patients underwent surgery preceded by induction and/or followed by adjuvant therapy. Survival curves were estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis, and the differences were assessed with the log-rank test. RESULTS: Most of the patients (87 %) were men. The median age was 59 years. A statistically significant association between T3-T4c and definitive CT-RT as well as between T1-T2c and surgery was noted (p < 0.0001). After a median follow-up period of 35 months, the median overall survival (OS) was 42 months for the surgery group versus 41 months for the CT-RT patients (p = 0.590). The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 14 months after surgery and 25 months after CT-RT (p = 0.933). Responders to radical CT-RT had a better OS than non-responders (43 vs. 17 months, respectively, p = 0.011). No significant differences were found in
Autores: Cambeiro, Felix Mauricio; et al.
Revista: HEAD AND NECK-JOURNAL FOR THE SCIENCES AND SPECIALTIES OF THE HEAD AND NECK
ISSN 1043-3074  Vol. 34  Nº 8  2012  págs. 1081-1088
Background This study aimed to test the safety of using perioperative high-dose-rate brachytherapy (PHDRB) in resected head and neck cancer. Methods From 2000 to 2008, 97 patients received PHDRB after complete macroscopic resection. Group 1 (previously irradiated patients) received 32 to 40 Gray (Gy) of PHDRB in 8 to 10 twice-daily (bid) treatments (R0R1 resections). Group 2 (unirradiated patients) received 16 to 24 Gy of PHDRB in 4 to 6 bid treatments (R0R1 resections) followed by external beam irradiation (EBRT) of 45 Gy/25 daily fractions +/- concomitant chemotherapy. Results The median follow-up was 4.3 years. The cumulative hazard of 2-year grade = 3 complications in group 1 was 45.9%, and the rate of grade = 3 complications in group 2 was 24.6%. Actuarial locoregional control at 2 and 5 years for group 1 was 60.9% and for group 2, 84.1% and 79.4%. Conclusions Complications and locoregional failure rates were similar to those reported in the reference standards despite a much smaller treatment volume. (c) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2012
Autores: Arbea, Leire; Martínez-Monge, Rafael; Diaz-Gonzalez, JA; et al.
Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS
ISSN 0360-3016  Vol. 83  Nº 2  2012  págs. 587-593
PURPOSE: To validate tolerance and pathological complete response rate (pCR) of a 4-week preoperative course of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with concurrent capecitabine and oxaliplatin (CAPOX) in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with T3 to T4 and/or N+ rectal cancer received preoperative IMRT (47.5 Gy in 19 fractions) with concurrent capecitabine (825 mg/m(2) b.i.d., Monday to Friday) and oxaliplatin (60 mg/m(2) on Days 1, 8, and 15). Surgery was scheduled 4 to 6 weeks after the completion of chemoradiation. Primary end points were toxicity and pathological response rate. Local control (LC), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) were also analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 100 patients were evaluated. Grade 1 to 2 proctitis was observed in 73 patients (73%). Grade 3 diarrhea occurred in 9% of the patients. Grade 3 proctitis in 18% of the first 50 patients led to reduction of the dose per fraction to 47.5 Gy in 20 treatments. The rate of Grade 3 proctitis decreased to 4% thereafter (odds ratio, 0.27). A total of 99 patients underwent surgery. A pCR was observed in 13% of the patients, major response (96-100% of histological response) in 48%, and pN downstaging in 78%. An R0 resection was performed in 97% of the patients. After a median follow-up of 55 months, the LC, DFS, and OS rates were 100%, 84%, and 87%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative CAPOX-IMRT therapy (47.5 Gy in 20 fractions) is feasible
Autores: Diaz-Gonzalez, JA; Rodríguez, Javier; Hernández, José Luis; et al.
Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS
ISSN 0360-3016  Vol. 80  Nº 3  2011  págs. 698-704
PURPOSE: To analyze the rate of pathologic response in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer treated with preoperative chemotherapy with and without chemoradiation at our institution. METHODS AND MATERIALS: From 2000 to 2007 patients were retrospectively identified who received preoperative treatment for gastric cancer (cT3-4/ N+) with induction chemotherapy (Ch) or with Ch followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (45 Gy in 5 weeks) (ChRT). Surgery was planned 4-6 weeks after the completion of neoadjuvant treatment. Pathologic assessment was used to investigate the patterns of pathologic response after neoadjuvant treatment. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients were analyzed. Of 61 patients, 58 (95%) underwent surgery. The R0 resection rate was 87%. Pathologic complete response was achieved in 12% of the patients. A major pathologic response (<10% of residual tumor) was observed in 53% of patients, and T downstaging was observed in 75%. Median follow-up was 38.7 months. Median disease-free survival (DFS) was 36.5 months. The only patient-, tumor-, and treatment-related factor associated with pathologic response was the use of preoperative ChRT. Patients achieving major pathologic response had a 3-year actuarial DFS rate of 63%. CONCLUSIONS: The patterns of pathologic response after preoperative ChRT suggest encouraging intervals of DFS. Such a strategy may be of interest to be explored in gastric cancer.
Autores: Aristu, José Javier; Villas, Carlos; et al.
Revista: EUROPEAN ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY
ISSN 1867-4569  Vol. 1  Nº 5  2011  págs. 175 - 179
Background: Giant cell tumors (GCT) are relatively rare neoplasms, representing less than 5% of all bone tumors. They are most frequent in the extremities and are characterized by their local aggression. Treatment is typically surgery alone. Localization in the sacrum is rare, and here radiation therapy (RT) may be a useful tool for tumor management because of the difficulty of achieving accurate wide margins of surgical resection. We report a series of four cases treated by intralesional resection and RT. Patients and methods: From 1996 to 2007, four patients with histologically proven sacral giant cell tumors were treated with intentional intralesional surgery and RT in our institution. Three patients were female and one was male. Median age was 35.5 years (range 19-53). Results: After a median follow-up of more than 11 years (range 32-144 months), all the patients are alive and free of disease. Pain and neurological symptoms disappeared after treatment. No severe cases of acute or late toxicity have been reported. No radiological signs of progression were observed. Conclusion: We propose RT be considered as a standard coadjuvant treatment after intralesional surgery for sacral GCT, where efficient local control without severe toxicity is advisable.
Autores: Arbea, Leire; Diaz-Gonzalez, JA; Subtil, José Carlos; et al.
Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS
ISSN 0360-3016  Vol. 81  Nº 2  2011  págs. 439 - 444
Purpose: The main goals of preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CHRT) in rectal cancer are to achieve pathological response and to ensure tumor control with functional surgery when possible. Assessment of the concordance between clinical and pathological responses is necessary to make decisions regarding alternative conservative procedures. The present study evaluates the patterns of response after a preoperative CHRT regimen, and the value of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in assessing response. Methods and Materials: A total of 51 EUS-staged T3 to T4 and/or N0 to N+ rectal cancer patients received preoperative CHRT (intensity-modulated radiation therapy and capecitabine/oxaliplatin (XELOX) followed by radical resection. Clinical response was assesed by EUS. Rates of pathological tumor regression grade (TRG) and lymph node (LN) involvement were determined in the surgical specimen. Clinical and pathological responses were compared, and the accuracy of EUS in assessing response was calculated. Results: Twenty-four patients (45%) achieved a major pathological response (complete or >95% pathological response (TRG 3+/4)). Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of EUS in predicting pathological T response after preoperative CHRT were 77.8%, 37.5%, 60%, and 58%, respectively. The EUS sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value for nodal staging were 44%, 88%, 88%, and 44%, respectively. Furthermore, EUS after CHRT accurately predicted the absence of LN involvement in 7 of 7 patients (100%) with major pathological response of the primary tumor. Conclusion: Preoperative IMRT with concomitant XELOX induces favorable rates of major pathological response. EUS has a limited ability to predict primary tumor response after preoperative CHRT, but it is useful for accurately determining LN status. EUS may have a potential value in identifying patients with a very low risk of LN involvement in association with a good pathological response as potential candidates for conservative local surgical protocols. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Autores: Subtil, José Carlos; Sola, Jesús Javier; et al.
Revista: DISEASES OF THE COLON AND RECTUM
ISSN 0012-3706  Vol. 54  Nº 9  2011  págs. 1141 -6
Endoscopic ultrasound allows prediction of involved lymph nodes in 75% of the cases; however, 1 in 5 patients are missclassified as uN0 after neoadjuvant treatment. In our point of view, this percentage is too high to rely only on this diagnostic modality
Autores: Prieto, Elena; Marti-Climent, JM; et al.
Revista: JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE
ISSN 0161-5505  Vol. 52  Nº 6  2011  págs. 865-72
Compared with standard (18)F-FDG PET studies, quantitative dual-time-point (18)F-FDG PET can improve sensitivity for the identification and volume delineation of high-grade brain tumors.
Autores: Aramendía, José Manuel; Espinos, Jaime; et al.
Revista: CANCER CHEMOTHERAPY AND PHARMACOLOGY
ISSN 0344-5704  Vol. 65  Nº 3  2010  págs. 457 - 465
Purpose Capecitabine is effective against metastatic breast cancer (MBC). We hypothesized that sequential treatment with dose-dense epirubicin/cyclophosphamide (EC) and docetaxel/capecitabine would be active and tolerable in the adjuvant/neoadjuvant setting. Methods In this prospective phase II clinical trial patients with HER2-negative and node-positive or locally advanced tumors were eligible to receive four cycles of EC (100/600 mg/m2) every 2 weeks with G-CSF on days 3¿10, followed by four cycles of docetaxel/capecitabine (75/1,000 mg/m2 b.i.d., days 1¿14) every 3 weeks. Results Fifty-five patients were enrolled with median age of 49, and 80% had hormone receptor-positive disease. The median tumor size was 2.5 cm, with a median of two axillary nodes involved. Seventy-five percent of the first 20 patients had grade 2/3 hand-foot syndrome (HFS). Dose reduction of capecitabine to 800 mg/m2 reduced the grade 2/3 HFS incidence to 31% in the remaining patients. No grade 4/5 toxicities were observed. All 20 patients treated preoperatively responded, with 5 (25%) pathologic complete responses and 3 additional pT0N1 tumors. At a median follow-up of 48 (range 28¿60) months, the event-free and overall survival rates are 91 and 98%, respectively. Conclusions Sequential treatment with dose-dense EC followed by docetaxel/capecitabine, using a lower capecitabine dose than that approved for MBC, has an acceptable toxicity profile and encouraging activity when used as neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment of breast cancer.
Autores: Diez Valle, Ricardo; Tejada, Sonia; Idoate, Miguel Ángel; et al.
Revista: JOURNAL OF NEURO-ONCOLOGY
ISSN 0167-594X  Vol. 102  Nº 1  2010  págs. 105 - 113
We analyzed the efficacy and applicability of surgery guided by 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) fluorescence in consecutive patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Thirty-six patients with GBM were operated on using ALA fluorescence. Resections were performed using the fluorescent light to assess the right plane of dissection. In each case, biopsies with different fluorescent quality were taken from the tumor center, from the edges, and from the surrounding tissue. These samples were analyzed separately with hematoxylin¿eosin examination and immunostaining against Ki67. Tumor volume was quantified with pre- and postoperative volumetric magnetic resonance imaging. Strong fluorescence identified solid tumor with 100% positive predictive value. Invaded tissue beyond the solid tumor mass was identified by vague fluorescence with 97% positive predictive value and 66% negative predictive value, measured against hematoxylin¿eosin examination. All the contrast-enhancing volume was resected in 83.3% of the patients, all patients had resection over 98% of the volume and mean volume resected was 99.8%. One month after surgery there was no mortality, and new or increased neurological morbidity was 8.2%. The fluorescence induced by 5-aminolevulinic can help to achieve near total resection of enhancing tumor volume in most surgical cases of GBM. It is possible during surgery to obtain separate samples of the infiltrating cells from the tumor border.
Autores: Martínez-Monge, Rafael; Aramendía, José Manuel; et al.
Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GYNECOLOGICAL CANCER
ISSN 1048-891X  Vol. 20  Nº 1  2010  págs. 133 - 140
Objectives: This study was undertaken to determine the tolerability of a 7-week schedule of external beam radiation therapy, high-dose-rate brachytherapy, and weekly cisplatin and paclitaxel in patients with locally advanced carcinoma of the cervix. Methods: Twenty-nine patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stages IB2 to IVa cervical cancer were treated with 40 mg/m2 per week of intravenous (i.v.) cisplatin and 50 mg/m2 per week of i.v. paclitaxel combined with 45 Gy of pelvic external beam radiation therapy and 30 Gy of high-dose-rate brachytherapy. Results: Eleven patients (37.9%) were able to complete the 6 scheduled cycles of chemotherapy. The median number of weekly chemotherapy cycles administered was 5 (range, 2-7). Thirty-five (20.1%) of 174 cycles of chemotherapy were not given because of toxicity. The median dose intensity of cisplatin was 31 mg/m2 per week (95% confidence interval [CI], 25.2-36.8); that of paclitaxel was 44 mg/m2 per week (95% CI, 39.9-48.3). Twenty-two patients (78.6%) were able to complete the planned radiation course in less than 7 weeks. Median radiation treatment length was 45 days (95% CI, 43.4-46.6). After a median follow-up of 48 months, 7 patients (24.1%) experienced severe (Radiation Therapy Oncology Group grade 3 or higher) late toxicity. No fatal events were observed. Seven patients have failed, 1 locally and 6 at distant sites. The 8-year local/pelvic control rate was 95.7%, and the 8-year freedom from systemic failure rate was 76.1%. Eight-year actuarial disease-free survival and overall survival were 63.1% and 75.9%, respectively. Conclusions: This study demonstrated unacceptable toxicity of combining the stated doses of concurrent cisplatin and paclitaxel chemotherapy with definitive radiotherapy for patients with advanced cervical cancer. Additional phase I/II trials are recommended to clearly establish the recommended phase II dose for these drugs.
Autores: Sola, Jesús Javier; et al.
Revista: MODERN PATHOLOGY
ISSN 0893-3952  Vol. 23  Nº Supl.1  2010  págs. 168A