Nuestros investigadores

Rodrigo Sánchez Bayona

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: Álvarez de Mon, Miguel Ángel, (Autor de correspondencia); Sánchez-Bayona, Rodrigo; et al.
ISSN 1438-8871  Vol. 21  Nº 5  2019  págs. e14110
Background: Twitter is an indicator of real-world performance, thus, is an appropriate arena to assess the social consideration and attitudes toward psychosis. Objective: The aim of this study was to perform a mixed-methods study of the content and key metrics of tweets referring to psychosis in comparison with tweets referring to control diseases (breast cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer, and human immunodeficiency virus). Methods: Each tweet's content was rated as nonmedical (NM: testimonies, health care products, solidarity or awareness and misuse) or medical (M: included a reference to the illness's diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, or prevention). NM tweets were classified as positive or pejorative. We assessed the appropriateness of the medical content. The number of retweets generated and the potential reach and impact of the hashtags analyzed was also investigated. Results: We analyzed a total of 15,443 tweets: 8055 classified as NM and 7287 as M. Psychosis-related tweets (PRT) had a significantly higher frequency of misuse 33.3% (212/636) vs 1.15% (853/7419; P<.001) and pejorative content 36.2% (231/636) vs 11.33% (840/7419; P<.001). The medical content of the PRT showed the highest scientific appropriateness 100% (391/391) vs 93.66% (6030/6439; P<.001) and had a higher frequency of content about disease prevention. The potential reach and impact of the tweets related to psychosis were low, but they had a high retweet-to-tweet ratio. Conclusions: We show a reduced number and a different pattern of contents in tweets about psychosis compared with control diseases. PRT showed a predominance of nonmedical content with increased frequencies of misuse and pejorative tone. However, the medical content of PRT showed high scientific appropriateness aimed toward prevention.
Autores: Sánchez-Bayona, Rodrigo; Patiño-Garcia, Ana; et al.
ISSN 0169-5002  Vol. 122  2018  págs. 120 - 123
BACKGROUND: The differential diagnosis between multiple primary lung cancer (MPLC) and advanced lung cancer has traditionally relied on conventional radiology and pathology. However, the outcomes of traditional diagnostic workup are often limited, and staging is uncertain. Increasing evidence suggests that next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques offer the possibility of comparing multiple tumors on a genomic level. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to assess the clinical impact utility of targeted sequencing in patients presenting with multiple synchronous or metachronous lung tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We describe the diagnostic workup conducted in a patient with three lung tumors, where we used a targeted 50-gene DNA sequencing panel (Ion AmpliSeq TM Cancer Hotspot Panel v2) to assess clonality and establish an accurate lung adenocarcinoma stage. Positive results were confirmed by pyrosequencing or Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: Three surgically resected lung tumors were submitted for targeted sequencing. The tumor from the upper right lobe was positive for a TP53 c.659A¿>¿G mutation and native for KRAS. The tumor from the upper left lobe was positive for TP53 c.725G¿>¿T and KRAS c.35G¿>¿T mutations. The tumor from the lower left lobe was positive for TP53 c.1024C¿>¿T and KRAS C.34G¿>¿T mutations. Results and reviewed literature in the field support the diagnosis of MPLC instead of a single advanced lung cancer. CONCLUSION: Targeted DNA sequencing significantly increases diagnostic accuracy in patients with multiple lung tumors. NGS panels should be available for patients presenting with multiple lung tumors.
Autores: Carmona-Bayonas, A.; Jimenez-Fonseca, P.; Custodio, A.; et al.
ISSN 1436-3291  Vol. 21  Nº 1  2018  págs. 96 - 105
Background Although anthracycline-based triplets are one of the most widely used schedules to treat advanced gastric cancer (AGC), the benefit of including epirubicin in these therapeutic combinations remains unknown. This study aims to evaluate both the efficacy and tolerance of triplets with epirubicin vs. doublets with platinum-fluoropyrimidine in a national AGC registry. Methods Patients with AGC treated with polychemotherapy without trastuzumab at 28 hospitals in Spain between 2008 and 2016 were included. The effect of anthracycline-based triplets against doublets was evaluated by propensity score matching (PSM) and Cox proportional hazards (PH) regression. Result A total of 1002 patients were included (doublets, n = 653; anthracycline-based triplets, n = 349). The multivariable Cox PH regression failed to detect significantly increased OS in favor of triplets with anthracyclines: HR 0.90 (95% CI, 0.78-1.05), p = 0.20035. After PSM, the sample contained 325 pairs with similar baseline characteristics. This method was also unable to reveal an increase in OS: 10.5 (95% CI, 9.7-12.3) vs. 9.9 (95% CI, 9.2-11.4) months, HR 0.91 (CI 95%, 0.76-1.083), and (log-rank test, p = 0.226). Response rates (42.1 vs. 33.1%, p = 0.12) and PFS (HR 0.95, CI 95%, 0.80-1.13, log-rank test, p = 0.873) were not significantly higher with epirubicin-based regimens. The triplets were associated with greater grade 3-4 hematological toxicity, and increased hospitalization due to toxicity by 68%. The addition of epirubicin is viable, but 23.7% discontinued treatment because of adverse effects or patient decision. Conclusion Anthracyclines added to platinum-fluoropyrimidine doublets did not improve the response rate or survival outcomes in patients with AGC but entailed greater toxicity.
Autores: Sánchez-Bayona, Rodrigo; et al.
ISSN 0923-7534  Vol. 29  Nº Supl. 8  2018  págs. 572
Autores: Gea, Alfredo; et al.
ISSN 0014-2972  Vol. 48  Nº Supl 1  2018  págs. 175 - 176
Autores: Sánchez-Bayona, Rodrigo; et al.
ISSN 0923-7534  Vol. 29  Nº Supl. 8  2018  págs. 572
Background: Obesity is a well-known risk factor for some types of cancer including post-menopausal breast cancer. Nevertheless, the influence of adiposity over life course on cancer risk remains poorly understood. The objective of this study was to assess body shape trajectories in early and middle life in relation to subsequent risk of breast cancer in a Mediterranean cohort. Methods: We used a group-based modelling approach to assess body shape trajectories from age 5 to 40 years, among 10679 women from the SUN cohort study from 1999 to 2014. Four distinct body shape trajectories were identified (lean-heavy increase, medium-stable, medium-heavy increase and heavy-stable). Cox regression models were used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) for breast cancer according to the assigned body shape trajectory. Results: Among 106,537 women-years of follow-up a total of 133 probable incident cases of breast cancer were identified (70 of these cases were confirmed). When compared to those in the medium-stable category, women who were lean and had a marked increase (lean-heavy increase category) showed a subsequent higher risk of probable breast cancer (HR¿=¿1.55, 95%CI 1.05-2.29). When stratifying according to menopausal status, there was a higher risk of probable postmenopausal breast cancer for women in the lean-heavy increase category (HR¿=¿2.0, 95%CI 1.06- 3.80) compared to the medium-stable group. The statistical power was reduced and significance was lost when we considered only confirmed cases.
Autores: Sánchez-Bayona, Rodrigo; Chang-Azancot, L.; Álvarez de Mon, Miguel Ángel; et al.
ISSN 0923-7534  Vol. 29  Nº Supl. 8  2018  págs. 711
Background: In the era of big data, the presence of cancer in social media is undeniable. Twitter is one of the biggest networks worldwide, therefore, it establishes an enormous real-world data field of interest when studying health issues. As far as we know, there are no exploratory studies about the content or the authorship of tweets related to breast cancer. Methods: Tweets (original and re-tweets) with the hashtag #BreastCancer posted on Twitter during a 7-day period were collected. For the analysis, tweets were categorised based on their content (medical vs non medical and if medical, appropriate vs inappropriate), user information (private account vs institution or public account), the aim of the tweet (patients¿ experience, relatives¿ experience, advertising, scientific content, fund-raising and patient advocacy) and also on the extent to which they indicated a stigmatising attitude towards cancer. Tweets were further grouped into subthemes: diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and prevention (life-style and other risk factors). Results: A total of 6341 tweets were collected (3703 original and 2638 re-tweets). When analysing original tweets, only 31% had medical content and in these, 90% were considered to have appropriate content. A stigmatising attitude towards cancer was identified in 14.8% of the tweets classified as non-medical content. 60% of the tweets came from private accounts and 40% from institutions or public accounts. Most of the tweets came from patients¿ experiences (30.7%), followed by patient advocacy (25.3%). When considering subthemes, the most common topic was cancer prevention (44.5%). Description of tweets (%) containing #BreastCancer in a 7-day period.
Autores: Pérez, José Luis; Pajares, María Josefa; et al.
ISSN 0923-7534  Vol. 29  Nº Supl. 8  2018  págs. viii651 - viii652
Autores: Carmona-Bayonas, A.; Jimeénez-Fonseca, P. ; Castañón, Eduardo; et al.
ISSN 1699-048X  Vol. 19  Nº 2  2017  págs. 236 - 250
Long-term cancer survivors develop special health issues and specific needs. Chronic pain, whether the consequence of their cancer or as a side effect of treatment, is one of their most prevalent concerns. We conducted a review of the English-language literature on long-term cancer survivorship and chronic opioid therapy, with the objective of determining the efficacy, safety and tolerability in this group of patients. Practical management recommendations are made on the basis of this review. Pain syndromes encountered in the long-term cancer survivors are diverse. Opioid receptor pathways possess complex and pleiotropic functions and continuous over-activation may lead to de novo endocrinopathies, immunosuppression, neurocognitive impairment, or cell cycle disturbances with potential clinical connotations. However, there are insufficient data to support evidence-based decision making with respect to patient selection, doses, administration, monitoring and follow-up. Data about long-term treatment effectiveness and safety are limited and often aggravated by the overlapping of several diseases prevalent among long-term cancer survivors, as well as chronic opiate-induced toxicity. Chronic opioid therapy is frequent in long-term cancer survivors, and may negatively affect the immune system, and produce health problems such as endocrinopathies, osteoporosis, neurological or cardiopulmonary effects, alterations of cell cycle kinetics, abuse and addiction. This review highlights the need for specialized teams to treat chronic pain in long-term cancer survivors from an integrative perspective.
Autores: Jimenez Fonseca, P.; Carmona Bayonas, A.; Lorenzo, M. L. S.; et al.
ISSN 1436-3291  Vol. 20  Nº 3  2017  págs. 465 - 474
Trastuzumab significantly improves overall survival (OS) when added to cisplatin and fluoropyrimidine as a treatment for HER2-positive advanced gastric cancers (AGC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the gradual implementation of HER2 testing on patient prognosis in a national registry of AGC. This Spanish National Cancer Registry includes cases who were consecutively recruited at 28 centers from January 2008 to January 2016. The effect of missing HER2 status was assessed using stratified Cox proportional hazards (PH) regression. The rate of HER2 testing increased steadily over time, from 58.3 % in 2008 to 92.9 % in 2016. HER2 was positive in 194 tumors (21.3 %). In the stratified Cox PH regression, each 1 % increase in patients who were not tested for HER2 at the institutions was associated with an approximately 0.3 % increase in the risk of death: hazard ratio, 1.0035 (CI 95 %, 1.001-1.005), P = 0.0019. Median OS was significantly lower at institutions with the highest proportions of patients who were not tested for HER2. Patients treated at centers that took longer to implement HER2 testing exhibited worse clinical outcomes. The speed of implementation behaves as a quality-of-care indicator. Reviewed guidelines on HER2 testing should be used to achieve this goal in a timely manner.
Autores: Fonseca, PJ. ; Carmona-Bayonas, A.; Hernandez, R. ; et al.
ISSN 0007-0920  Vol. 117  Nº 6  2017  págs. 775 - 782
BACKGROUND: The choice of chemotherapy in HER2-negative gastric cancer is based on centre's preferences and adverse effects profile. No schedule is currently accepted as standard, nor are there any factors to predict response, other than HER2 status. We seek to evaluate whether Lauren type influences the efficacy of various chemotherapies and on patient overall survival (OS). METHODS: We have conducted a multicenter study in 31 hospitals. The eligibility criteria include diagnosis of stomach or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma, HER2 negativity, and chemotherapy containing 2-3 drugs. Cox proportional hazards regression adjusted for confounding factors, with tests of 'treatment-by-histology' interaction, was used to estimate treatment effect. RESULTS: Our registry contains 1303 tumours analysable for OS end points and 730 evaluable for overall response rate (ORR). A decrease in ORR was detected in the presence of a diffuse component: odds ratio 0.719 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.525-0.987), P = 0.039. Anthracycline-or docetaxel-containing schedules increased ORR only in the intestinal type. The diffuse type displayed increased mortality with hazard ratio (HR) of 1.201 (95% CI, 1.054-1.368), P = 0.0056. Patients receiving chemotherapy with docetaxel exhibited increased OS limited to the intestinal type: HR 0.65 (95% CI, 0.49-0.87), P = 0.024, with no increment in OS for the subset having a diffuse component. With respect to progression-free survival (PFS), a significant interaction was seen in the effect of docetaxel-containing schedules, with better PFS limited to the intestinal type subgroup, in the comparison against any other schedule: HR 0.65 (95% CI, 0.50-0.85), P = 0.015, and against anthracycline-based regimens: HR 0.64 (95% CI, 0.46-0.88), P = 0.046. CONCLUSIONS: As a conclusion, in this registry, Lauren classification tumour subtypes predicted survival and responded differently to chemotherapy. Future clinical trials should stratify effect estimations based on histology.
Autores: Jiménez-Fonseca, P.; Hernández, R.; Custodio, A.; et al.
ISSN 0923-7534  Vol. 28  Nº supl 5  2017  págs. 693P
Autores: Carmona-Bayonas, A.; Jimenez-Fonseca, P.; Hernandez, R.; et al.
ISSN 0923-7534  Vol. 28  Nº Suppl. 5  2017  págs. 677P
Autores: Sánchez-Bayona, Rodrigo; Alignani, D. ; et al.
ISSN 1138-0381  Vol. 100  Nº 8  2015  págs. 1014-1022
Interferon-¿ is a potent antiviral agent and a vigorous adjuvant in the induction of T-cell responses but its use is limited by hematologic toxicity. Interferon-¿ alters hematopoietic stem cell dormancy and impairs myelocytic and erythrocytic/megakaryocytic differentiation from hematopoietic progenitors. However, the effect of chronic interferon-¿ exposure on hematopoietic precursors has still not been well characterized. Here, we transduced the liver of mice with an adenoassociated vector encoding interferon-¿ to achieve sustained high serum levels of the cytokine. The bone marrow of these animals showed diminished long-term and short-term hematopoietic stem cells, reduction of multipotent progenitor cells, and marked decrease of B cells, but significant increase in the proportion of CD8(+) and CD4(+)CD8(+) T cells. Upon adoptive transfer to RAG(-/-) mice, bone marrow cells from interferon-¿-treated animals generated CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells while CD19(+), CD11b(+) and NK1.1(+) lineages failed to develop. These effects are associated with the transcriptional downregulation of transcription factors involved in B-cell differentiation and modulation of key factors for T-cell development. Thus, sustained interferon-¿ exposure causes hematopoietic stem cells exhaustion and drives common lymphoid progenitors towards T-cell generation.