Nuestros investigadores

Javier Gil Guerrero

Líneas de investigación
Religion y Sociedad Civil, Relaciones Internacionales, Islam, Oriente Medio,

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: Gil Guerrero, Javier
ISSN 1353-0194  Vol. 43  Nº 3  2016  págs. 285-301
Jimmy Carter¿s arrival to the White House and Washington¿s new focus on human rights caused an early, although subtle, rift between the United States and the Shah¿s Iran. The aim of this paper is to explore how the Bureau of Human Rights¿ activist approach, under the leadership of the outspoken Patricia Derian, muddied the waters between Tehran and Washington, while using the export of riot control equipment as the spearhead of Carter¿s human rights policy abroad.
Autores: Gil Guerrero, Javier
Libro:  Violence in civil society: monotheism guilty?
2013  págs. 115-126
Autores: Gil Guerrero, Javier
During the first two years of Carter's presidency, Iran entered a spiral of violence and unrest that ended with the exile of the Shah and the establishment of an Islamic Republic. The Iranian revolution was first neglected by American diplomats and intelligence officials. When Carter finally became aware of the extent of the disturbances in Iran, he refused to explicitly back the iron fist policy sought by the Shah. The Iranian monarch was unwilling to decisively tackle the protests without Carter's blessing and thus he proceeded with a failed policy that mixed concessions with repression, which only served to postpone the inevitable. This book looks at recent declassified documents from several archival resources that provide an unprecedented picture of the Carter administration's uneasiness regarding the Shah's Iran. Gil Guerrero analyzes the disputes between Washington and Tehran concerning human rights and arms exports, the divisions inside the White House, and the Shah's uncertainty regarding Carter's support. The sources gathered all point to a late process of political liberalization encouraged by American officials that only served to weaken the Shah's authority while emboldening the opposition, in the words of Ayatollah Khomeini, to 'seize the moment." They offer an unprecedented picture of the forces that enabled Khomeini's triumph, altered America's perception of Islam, and fundamentally changed the United States' relationship with Iran.