Nuestros investigadores

Nerea Martín Calvo

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: Rodriguez, Paula; Mateos, M. V.; Martinez-Lopez, J.; et al.
Revista: LEUKEMIA
ISSN 0887-6924  Vol. 33  Nº 4  2019  págs. 1056 - 1056
Following the publication of this article, the author notes that the following information was missed from the acknowledgments section.
Autores: Santiago, Susana, (Autor de correspondencia); Bes-Rastrollo, Maira; Martínez, Miguel Ángel; et al.
Revista: NUTRICION HOSPITALARIA
ISSN 0212-1611  Vol. 36  2019  págs. 39 - 46
Introduction: Navarra is a Community that presents a great geographical and climatic variety, which results in a wide food supply. Objectives: to review the typical gastronomy of Navarra, as well as the available evidence on dietary patterns, nutritional profile and health indicators of Navarra population. Results: Navarra has 7 Protected Designations of Origin and 6 Protected Geographical Indications. Its gastronomic identity is mainly associated with vegetables, lamb, veal and local sausages, which is reflected in dietary patterns. Comparatively, Navarra population consumes more vegetables and fresh fruits, but also has a frequent and excessive intake of meat (especially red) and sausages. The studies available on nutritional profile show high intakes of proteins and fats in the adult population, and inadequacy in some micronutrients in children. In the national context, Navarra has lower rates of overweight, obesity and sedentariness in the adult population, and there is a downward trend in the prevalence of childhood obesity. Conclusions: the food and gastronomic offer of Navarra is varied and with a great prominence of vegetables, although dietary patterns can be improved. To achieve a healthy and sustainable diet, it is essential to promote culinary knowledge and skills from an early age.
Autores: Ochotorena, Amaia; et al.
Revista: BMC PEDIATRICS
ISSN 1471-2431  Vol. 19  2019  págs. 90
BackgroundPhysical activity (PA) is associated with changes in body composition that affect insulin sensitivity and leptin levels. Few studies have assessed the effect of lifestyle interventions on changes in objectively measured PA levels in obese children. To evaluate the effects of a multidisciplinary lifestyle intervention on anthropometric indices, biochemical parameters and accelerometer measured PA in abdominal obese children.MethodsA randomized control trial was performed in 106 children and adolescents with abdominal obesity. Participants were randomly assigned to usual or intensive care group for 8-week. PA was measured by accelerometry over four days including, at least, two weekdays in all participants. Both groups were encouraged to accumulate an extra time of 200min per week in their PA.ResultsAt baseline, 75% of subjects do not fulfill the WHO recommendation of being more than 60min/day on moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA). The intensive care group achieved a significant reduction in anthropometric indexes compared to the usual care but no significant change was found in biochemical or PA parameters. Both groups achieved a significant reduction in light PA. Interestingly, intensive care participants significantly increased MVPA in 5.5min/day. Moreover, an inverse association between changes in MVPA and leptin levels was found.ConclusionThe two lifestyle intervention reduced anthropometric indexes and lowered light PA in abdominal obese children. No significant differences were observed between intensive care and usual care in regard to PA. Intensive care participants significantly increase physical activity (MVPA) and, changes in MVPA were inversely associated with changes in leptin levels after the intervention.
Autores: Ochotorena, Amaia; et al.
Revista: BMC PEDIATRICS
ISSN 1471-2431  Vol. 19  Nº 1  2019  págs. 90
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is associated with changes in body composition that affect insulin sensitivity and leptin levels. Few studies have assessed the effect of lifestyle interventions on changes in objectively measured PA levels in obese children. To evaluate the effects of a multidisciplinary lifestyle intervention on anthropometric indices, biochemical parameters and accelerometer measured PA in abdominal obese children. METHODS: A randomized control trial was performed in 106 children and adolescents with abdominal obesity. Participants were randomly assigned to usual or intensive care group for 8-week. PA was measured by accelerometry over four days including, at least, two weekdays in all participants. Both groups were encouraged to accumulate an extra time of 200¿min per week in their PA. RESULTS: At baseline, 75% of subjects do not fulfill the WHO recommendation of being more than 60¿min/day on moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA). The intensive care group achieved a significant reduction in anthropometric indexes compared to the usual care but no significant change was found in biochemical or PA parameters. Both groups achieved a significant reduction in light PA. Interestingly, intensive care participants significantly increased MVPA in 5.5¿min/day. Moreover, an inverse association between changes in MVPA and leptin levels was found. CONCLUSION: The two lifestyle intervention reduced anthropometric indexes and lowered light PA in abdominal obese children. No significant differences were observed between intensive care and usual care in regard to PA. Intensive care participants significantly increase physical activity (MVPA) and, changes in MVPA were inversely associated with changes in leptin levels after the intervention. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov , Identifier: NCT03147261 . Registered 10 May 2017. Retrospectively registered.
Autores: Martín, Nerea; Martínez, Miguel Ángel, (Autor de correspondencia)
Revista: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
ISSN 0895-4356  Vol. 104  2018  págs. 136 - 139
Autores: Martín, Nerea; Martínez, Miguel Ángel, (Autor de correspondencia)
Revista: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
ISSN 0895-4356  Vol. 104  2018  págs. 125 - 129
Autores: Navarro, A. M.; Martínez, Miguel Ángel; Gea, Alfredo; et al.
Revista: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
ISSN 0002-9165  Vol. 108  Nº 5  2018  págs. 1113 - 1120
Background: The relation of coffee consumption with total mortality is controversial, because the available evidence is still inconsistent. Objective: This study aimed to assess this association in a highly educated, middle-aged Mediterranean cohort. Design: We analyzed data from 201,055 person-years of follow-up arising from 19,888 participants. Coffee consumption was obtained at baseline with the use of a previously validated semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Information on mortality was ascertained by permanent contact with the "Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra" (SUN) participants and their families, postal authorities, and consultation of the National Death Index. We used Cox regression models to estimate HRs and 95% CIs for mortality according to baseline total coffee consumption adjusted for potential confounders. Sex, age, and baseline adherence to the Mediterranean diet were considered as potential effect modifiers. Results: Among the 19,888 participants, 337 died. Overall, in the multivariable adjusted analysis, we found a 22% lower risk of all-cause mortality for each 2 additional cups of total coffee per day (HR: 0.78; 95% CI: 0.66, 0.93). This association was stronger for participants aged >= 55 y (HR: 0.67; 95% CI: 0.52, 0.86) than for younger participants, who showed no significant association (P-interaction = 0.002). Conclusion: In a Mediterranean cohort, we found an inverse linear association between total coffee consumption and the risk of all-cause mortality that was strongest among participants older than 54 y.
Autores: Zazpe I; Santiago, Susana; et al.
Revista: NUTRIENTS
ISSN 2072-6643  Vol. 10  Nº 12  2018  págs. 1875
Parental nutrition knowledge and attitudes play a fundamental role in their children's food knowledge. However, little is known about their influence on their children's diet quality and micronutrient intake. Thus, we aimed to assess the association of parental nutrition knowledge and healthy-eating attitudes with their children's adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern and micronutrient adequacy. Parental healthy-eating attitudes and knowledge of the quality of their child's diet as well as anthropometric, lifestyle, and nutrient intake characteristics were recorded with a basal questionnaire that included a 140-item-food frequency-questionnaire. A total of 287 pre-school children were included in the analyses. Intake adequacy was defined using the Estimated Average Requirements (EAR) cut-off point method. We developed a parental nutrition knowledge and healthy-eating attitudes scores and evaluated whether they were independently associated with 1) children's inadequate intake (probability of failing to meet 3 EAR) of micronutrients, using logistic regression analyses, and 2) children's diet quality (adherence to the Mediterranean Diet according to a Mediterranean Diet Quality Index for children and adolescents, the KIDMED index), using multiple linear regression models. A higher score in the parental healthy-eating attitudes score was associated with lower risk of failing to meet 3 EAR compared with the reference category (odds ratio (OR): 0.3; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.12-0.95; p for trend: 0.037) and a higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet in the most adjusted model ( coefficient: 0.34; 95% CI 0.01-0.67; p for trend: 0.045). Our results suggest a positive association of parental healthy-eating attitudes with nutritional adequacy and diet quality in a sample of Spanish preschoolers. Public health strategies should focus on encouraging parental healthy-eating attitudes rather than simply educating parents on what to feed their children, recognizing the important influence of parental behavior on children's practices.
Autores: Peñafel-Freire, D. M.; Martín, Nerea; García-Blanco, L.; et al.
Revista: REVISTA PEDIATRICA DE ATENCION PRIMARIA
ISSN 2174-4106  Vol. 20  2018  págs. 45 - 52
Introducción: la leche y los derivados lácteos son alimentos importantes para el desarrollo. Sin embargo, la creencia de que se asocian con infecciones respiratorias está provocando que se limite su consumo o se sustituya por bebidas vegetales. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar si el consumo de lácteos se asocia con determinadas infecciones respiratorias en la infancia. Material y métodos: estudio transversal con 169 voluntarios de entre 4 y 7 años. Información recogida mediante cuestionarios en papel. Información dietética recogida mediante cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo de alimentos semicualitativo de 151 ítems. Se valoró la asociación del consumo de leches, quesos y yogures con determinadas enfermedades respiratorias (otitis media aguda, sinusitis, mastoiditis, neumonía), comparando dos categorías de consumo definidas a partir de la mediana de cada alimento, mediante regresión logística multivariable. Resultados: no se encontraron asociaciones entre el consumo de lácteos y las enfermedades respiratorias analizadas (odds ratio: 0,85; intervalo de confianza del 95%: 0,44 a 1,64]). Al analizar cada lácteo por separado, se encontró una asociación inversa entre el consumo de quesos y las enfermedades respiratorias en conjunto (odds ratio: 0,50; intervalo de confianza del 95%: 0,26 a 0,98), pero no para cada una de las infecciones por separado (otitis media aguda ni neumonía). No se encontró asociación significativa con los desenlaces para ningún otro derivado lácteo (leche o yogures). Conclusiones: los resultados no apoyan una asociación directa entre el consumo de leche y derivados con infecciones respiratorias en la infancia. Con los datos actuales no está justificado restringir el consumo de leche o derivados en niños en edad escolar
Autores: Navarro, A. M.; Abasheva, D.; Martínez, Miguel Ángel; et al.
Revista: NUTRIENTS
ISSN 2072-6643  Vol. 10  Nº 9  2018  págs. E1333
Coffee is one of the most widely consumed drinks around the world, while depression is considered the major contributor to the overall global burden of disease. However, the investigation on coffee consumption and depression is limited and results may be confounded by the overall dietary pattern. We assessed the relationship between coffee intake and the risk of depression, controlling for adherence to the Mediterranean diet. We studied 14,413 university graduates of the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra' (SUN) cohort, initially free of depression. We evaluated coffee consumption using a validated food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Incident depression cases were adjudicated only if the participant met two criteria simultaneously: (a) validated physician-diagnosed depression together with (b) new onset of habitual antidepressant use. Both criteria were needed; participants meeting only one of them were not classified as cases. Participants who drank at least four cups of coffee per day showed a significantly lower risk of depression than participants who drank less than one cup of coffee per day (HR: 0.37 (95% CI 0.15-0.95)). However, overall, we did not observe an inverse linear dose-response association between coffee consumption and the incidence of depression (p for trend = 0.22).
Autores: Rodriguez, Paula; Mateos, M. V.; Martinez-Lopez, J.; et al.
Revista: LEUKEMIA
ISSN 0887-6924  Vol. 32  Nº 11  2018  págs. 2427 - 2434
Although survival of elderly myeloma patients has significantly improved there is still a subset of patients who, despite being fit and achieving optimal responses, will die within 2 years of diagnosis due to myeloma progression. The objective of this study was to define a scoring prognostic index to identify this group of patients. We have evaluated the outcome of 490 newly diagnosed elderly myeloma patients included in two Spanish trials (GEM2005-GEM2010). Sixty-eight patients (13.8%) died within 2 years of diagnosis (early deaths) due to myeloma progression. Our study shows that the use of simple scoring model based on 4 widely available markers (elevated LDH, ISS 3, high risk CA or >75 years) can contribute to identify up-front these patients. Moreover, unsustained response (<6 months duration) emerged as one important predictor of early myeloma-related mortality associated with a significant increase in the risk of death related to myeloma progression. The identification of these patients at high risk of early death is relevant for innovative trials aiming to maintain the depth of first response, since many of them will not receive subsequent lines of therapy.
Autores: Barea, E. C.; Moreno-Galarraga, Laura; et al.
Revista: ANALES DE PEDIATRIA
ISSN 1695-4033  Vol. 88  Nº 6  2018  págs. 361 - 362
Autores: Martín, Nerea; Martínez, Miguel Ángel;
Revista: NUTRIENTS
ISSN 2072-6643  Vol. 9  Nº 9  2017  págs. Article number: 954
Observational studies have found a protective effect of vitamin C on cardiovascular health. However, results are inconsistent, and residual confounding by fiber might be present. The aim of this study was to assess the association of vitamin C with the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cardiovascular mortality (CVM) while accounting for fiber intake and adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern. We followed up 13,421 participants in the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (University of Navarra follow-up) (SUN) cohort for a mean time of 11 years. Information was collected at baseline and every two years through mailed questionnaires. Diet was assessed with a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Incident CVD was defined as incident fatal or non-fatal myocardial infarction, fatal or non-fatal stroke, or death due to any cardiovascular cause. CVM was defined as death due to cardiovascular causes. Events were confirmed by physicians in the study team after revision of medical records. Cox proportional hazard models were fitted to assess the associations of (a) energy-adjusted and (b) fiber-adjusted vitamin C intake with CVD and CVM. We found energy-adjusted vitamin C was inversely associated with CVD and CVM after adjusting for several confounding factors, including fiber from foods other than fruits and vegetables, and adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern. On the other hand, when vitamin C was adjusted for total fiber intake using the residuals method, we found a significant inverse association with CVM (HR (95% confidence interval (CI)) for the third tertile compared to the first tertile, 0.30 (0.12-0.72), but not with CVD in the fully adjusted model.
Autores: Guasch-Ferré, M.; Becerra-Tomás, N.; Ruiz-Canela, Miguel; et al.
Revista: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
ISSN 0002-9165  Vol. 105  Nº 3  2017  págs. 723 - 735
Background: The associations between dietary fat and cardiovascular disease have been evaluated in several studies, but less is known about their influence on the risk of diabetes. Objective: We examined the associations between total fat, subtypes of dietary fat, and food sources rich in saturated fatty acids and the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Design: A prospective cohort analysis of 3349 individuals who were free of diabetes at baseline but were at high cardiovascular risk from the PREvencion con DIeta MEDiterranea (PREDIMED) study was conducted. Detailed dietary information was assessed at baseline and yearly during the follow-up using a food frequency questionnaire. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate T2D HRs and 95% CIs according to baseline and yearly updated fat intake. Results: We documented 266 incident cases during 4.3 y of follow-up. Baseline saturated and animal fat intake was not associated with the risk of T2D. After multivariable adjustment, participants in the highest quartile of updated intake of saturated and animal fat had a higher risk of diabetes than the lowest quartile (HR: 2.19; 95% CI: 1.28, 3.73; and P-trend = 0.01 compared with HR: 2.00; 95% CI: 1.29, 3.09; and P-trend < 0.01, respectively). In both the Mediterranean diet and control groups, participants in the highest quartile of updated animal fat intake had anw2-fold higher risk of T2D than their counterparts in the lowest quartile. The consumption of 1 serving of butter and cheese was associated with a higher risk of diabetes, whereas whole-fat yogurt intake was associated with a lower risk. Conclusions: In a Mediterranean trial focused on dietary fat interventions, baseline intake of saturated and animal fat was not associated with T2D incidence, but the yearly updated intake of saturated and animal fat was associated with a higher risk of T2D. Cheese and butter intake was associated with a higher risk of T2D, whereas whole-fat yogurt intake was associated with a lower risk of T2D.
Autores: Morell-Azanza, L.; et al.
Revista: PEDIATRIC DIABETES
ISSN 1399-543X  Vol. 18  Nº 5  2017  págs. 392 - 398
Background and aims: The oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol particles is an early atherogeninic event. Obese pediatric populations have higher levels of oxidized LDL (oxLDL) than normal weight children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a weight loss program on the biochemical profile and oxLDL levels in Spanish obese children and adolescents. Methods: Forty obese children (mean age 11 years, 51% boys) followed a 10-week weight loss program. They were dichotomized at the median of body mass index-standard deviation score (BMI-SDS) change, as high (HR) and low responders (LR) after the intervention. The intervention included a moderate energy-restricted diet, nutritional education, and family involvement. Anthropometric and biochemical measurements were performed at the beginning and during the follow up. A cardiometabolic risk score (CMS) was calculated considering metabolic risk factors. Results: Higher baseline oxLDL levels were associated with a higher CMS in obese children (P<.001). After the intervention, oxLDL significantly decreased in the HR group. Moreover, a positive correlation between changes in oxLDL and BMI-SDS (r=0.385, P=.015) was found after the weight loss program. Interestingly, multiple-adjusted regression models showed an association between changes in total cholesterol [B: 0.127, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.06 to 0.20] and LDL-cholesterol (B: 0.173, 95% CI: 0.08 to 0.26) with changes in oxLDL. Conclusions: Higher baseline oxLDL levels were associated with a higher CMS in obese children. After the weight loss program, a decrease in oxLDL levels was found in HR subjects and the oxLDL levels were associated with BMI-SDS and cholesterol levels.
Autores: Marti A; Rendo-Urteaga, T.; et al.
Revista: PEDIATRIC DIABETES
ISSN 1399-543X  Vol. 19  Nº 2  2017  págs. 217 - 222
BACKGROUND: Inflammation related molecules such as tumor necrosis factor-¿ (TNF-¿), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) are highly expressed in obese individuals and could partly explain some comorbidities associated to obesity. In obese children, lifestyle interventions are able to lower inflammation and reduce cardiovascular risk factors associated with obesity. The aim of the present work was to study changes in inflammation-related molecules serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) transcript levels after a 10-week lifestyle intervention in obese children and asses their potential association with glucose metabolism. METHODS: Twenty-three obese children (mean age 11.5 years; 48% males) underwent a 10-week lifestyle not controlled intervention trial. Anthropometric and biochemical measurements were analyzed. Transcript analysis for CT-1, IL-6, and TNF-¿ in PBMC were performed by RT-PCR. Serum cytokine levels were also measured at baseline and after 10-weeks. RESULTS: Participants achieved a significant reduction in body adiposity (0.34 decrease in body mass index-standard deviation), total cholesterol, and glucose levels after 10-weeks. A Significant decrease in serum TNF-¿ and C reactive protein (CRP) were observed. CT-1 transcript levels were significantly reduced (P = .005) after lifestyle intervention, and these changes were significantly correlated with changes in serum CT-1 levels (r = 0.451; P = .031). In multiple regression analysis baseline CT-1 transcript levels were positively associated with final insulin (R2 = 0.506; P = .035) and HOMA-IR values (R2 = 0.473; P = .034). CONCLUSIONS: We reported that serum CRP, TNF-¿, as well as PBMC CT-1 transcript levels were reduced after lifestyle intervention in obese children. More studies are needed to clarify the role of inflammation-related molecules in glucose metabolism.
Autores: Pérez-de-Arcelus, M.; Toledo, Estefanía Ainhoa; Martínez, Miguel Ángel; et al.
Revista: MEDICINE (BALTIMORE)
ISSN 0025-7974  Vol. 96  Nº 1  2017  págs. e5761
Smoking is a serious global public health concern that has been related to many chronic diseases. However, the effect of smoking on eye disorders has been less studied. The aim of this cohort study was to assess the association between current tobacco smokers and the risk of developing glaucoma and furthermore to evaluate the relationship between passive or former smokers and glaucoma. In this prospective and dynamic cohort, 16,797 participants initially who were found not to have glaucoma were followed up for a median of 8.5 years. Validated data on lifestyle, including tobacco consumption, were assessed at baseline. Information about new diagnosis of glaucoma was collected by follow-up questionnaires every 2 years. The outcome was the incidence of self-reported glaucoma during the follow-up. A subsample was used to validate the glaucoma diagnosis. During the 8.5 years of follow-up, 184 new glaucoma cases were identified. Current smokers had a significantly higher risk of glaucoma compared to participants who had never smoked after controlling for potential confounders (Hazard ratio [HR] 1.88 [95% coefficient interval (CI): 1.26-2.81]; P=0.002). A nonsignificant increased risk was found among former smokers (HR 1.27 [95% CI: 0.88-1.82]; P=0.198). When we assessed the exposure as per the number of cigarette pack-years, a dose-response relationship between pack-years and the risk of glaucoma was found (HR for the 5th quintile versus the 1st quintile: 1.70 [95% IC: 1.10-2.64], P for trend, 0.009). However, no relationship was found between passive smokers and glaucoma. (HR 0.67 [95% CI: 0.37-1.21]; P=0.189). Our results suggest a direct association between current smokers and the incidence of glaucoma. In particular, this association was related to the number of pack-years, which was not found in the case of former smokers nor in the case of passive smokers.
Autores: Rodriguez, Paula; Mateos, M. V.; Joaquin, M. L.; et al.
Revista: HAEMATOLOGICA
ISSN 0390-6078  Vol. 102  Nº Supl.2  2017  págs. 274 - 275
Autores: Martín, Paloma Leticia; Varo, N; Martín, Nerea; et al.
Revista: THE NEPHRON JOURNALS
ISSN 1660-8151  Vol. 131  Nº 1  2015  págs. 51-58
We evaluated the effectiveness of oral sodium citrate versus intravenous (IV) sodium bicarbonate for CI-AKI prophylaxis as well as their influence on kidney injury biomarkers. Material and Methods: A randomized, controlled, single-center study including 130 hospitalized patients (62.3% men), who were randomized to receive sodium bicarbonate (1/6 men, 3 ml/kg/h for 1 h; n = 43), oral sodium citrate (75 ml/10 kg divided into 4 doses; n = 43) or nonspecific hydration (n = 44) before contrast administration, was conducted. Serum creatinine and kidney injury biomarkers (cystatin C, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, interleukin-8, F2-isoprostanes and cardiotrophin-1 [CT-1]) were assessed. Results: Incidence of CI-AKI was 9.2% with no differences found between hydration groups: 7.0% in sodium bicarbonate group, 11.6% in oral sodium citrate group and 9.1% in the nonspecific hydration group. Urinary creatinine and urinary CT-1/creatinine ratio decreased 4 h after contrast infusion (p < 0.001), but none of the biomarkers assessed were affected by the treatments. Conclusions: There were no differences in hydration with oral sodium citrate and IV sodium bicarbonate for the prophylaxis of CI-AKI. Therefore, oral hydration represents a safe, inexpensive and practical method for preventing CI-AKI in low-risk patients. No effect on biomarkers for kidney injury could be demonstrated.
Autores: Martín, Nerea; Martínez, Miguel Ángel; Bes-Rastrollo, Maira; et al.
Revista: PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION
ISSN 1368-9800  Vol. 17  Nº 10  2014  págs. 2185 - 2193
Objective: To assess the association between the consumption of sugar-sweetened carbonated beverages (SSCB) and obesity in children and adolescents from Navarra (Spain). Design: We used a matched case-control study design. The exposure, SSCB consumption (1 serving: 200 ml), was measured with a previously validated FFQ. Anthropometrical measures were taken using standardized protocols. The outcome, obesity, was defined as BMI above the age- and sex-specific 97th percentile according to the Spanish reference charts. In the analysis we used conditional logistic regression. Potential confounders were controlled using a multivariable model. Setting: Subjects were recruited in the paediatric departments of the Universidad de Navarra Clinic and the Navarra Hospital Complex, and in three primary health centres of Navarra. Controls were recruited when attending for a routine medical examination or vaccination. Subjects: One hundred and seventy-four obese children and 174 individually sex- and age-matched controls, 52·87 % boys, with a mean age of 11·6 years. Exclusion criteria were dietary interventions, exposure to hormone treatment, development of secondary obesity due to endocrinopathy and serious intercurrent illness. Results: Independently of other factors, high consumption of SSCB (>4 servings/week) was significantly associated with obesity (OR = 3·46; 95 % CI 1·24, 9·62; P = 0·01). Besides, each additional daily serving of SSCB was associated with a 69 % relative increase in the risk of obesity (OR = 1·69; 95 % CI 1·04, 2·73; P = 0·03). Conclusions: We found a strong and significant association between SSCB consumption and obesity risk. Our results suggest a monotonic dose-response linear shape for this association in children and adolescents (P for trend = 0·02).
Autores: Martín, Nerea; Ochoa, María del Carmen; Marti A; et al.
Revista: NUTRICION HOSPITALARIA
ISSN 0212-1611  Vol. 28  Nº 5  2013  págs. 1515 - 1522
Introducción: La alta de prevalencia de obesidad infantil en España y sus posibles consecuencias hacen de esta enfermedad un problema prioritario de salud pública. Objetivo: Valorar, mediante un estudio epidemiológico analítico de casos y controles, la asociación entre la composición en macronutrientes de la dieta y la obesidad en una muestra de niños y adolescentes navarros de 5,5 a 18,8 años. Método: Se reclutaron 178 casos, niños y adolescentes obesos (índice de masa corporal > percentil 97) en Navarra. Los controles fueron emparejados individualmente según edad y sexo. Las medidas antropométricas fueron tomadas por personal entrenado utilizando métodos estandarizados. Se realizaron entrevistas individuales para recoger información sobre la frecuencia de consumo de alimentos mediante un cuestionario previamente validado a partir del que se calculó la ingesta de macronutrientes (hidratos de carbono, proteínas y grasas) y de los subtipos de grasas. Estos resultados se dividieron en quintiles de macronutrientes ajustados por ingesta energética total. Se realizó una regresión logística condicional para estimar odds ratios ajustadas de obesidad para cada uno de los cuatro quintiles superiores de consumo, usando el quintil inferior como referencia. Resultados: La composición de macronutrientes de la dieta era similar en casos y controles, excepto para las grasas poliinsaturadas, que se asociaron inversamente a la obesidad (p tendencia lineal < 0,01) con una odds ratio ajustada de 0,34 (IC 95%: 0,15 a 0,77) para el quinto quintil. Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados sugieren una asociación inversa entre una mayor ingesta de grasas poliinsaturadas y el riesgo de obesidad.
Autores: Piernas Sánchez, C.; Martín, Nerea; Zazpe I; et al.
Libro:  Conceptos de salud pública y estrategias preventivas
2018  págs. 249 - 253
El objetivo de esta obra es facilitar a los estudiantes de "Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública" de todas las facultades de medicina en universidades de habla española un texto sintético, actualizado, científico y completo. También sirve como material de texto para otros grados que contengan la asignatura "Salud Pública" como Farmacia. Esta segunda edición incorpora nuevos capítulos como Ensayos de campo y otros ensayos: diseño, método y análisis, Epidemiología y prevención de enfermedades digestivas, Enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica o Guías y recomendaciones alimentarias.