Nuestros investigadores

Javier García Manglano

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: Alexandra Killewald; García-Manglano, Javier;
Revista: SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH
ISSN 0049-089X  Vol. 60  2016  págs. 266 - 282
Prior research on parenthood effects has typically used single-sex models and estimated average effects. By contrast, we estimate population-level variability in partners' changes in housework hours, paid work hours, occupation traits, and wages after becoming parents, and we explore whether one partner's adjustment offsets or supplements the other's. We find tradeoffs between spouses on paid work adjustments to parenthood, but complementarity in adjustments to housework hours, occupation traits, and wages. The effect of parenthood on wives' behaviors is larger and more variable than on husbands' behaviors in every domain. The modest variation between husbands in work responses to parenthood explains little of the variation in the motherhood penalty, while variation in wives' own behaviors plays a larger role. We refer to this pattern as tethered autonomy: variation across American couples in work responses to parenthood is shaped primarily by variation in wives' adjustments, while husbands' work acts largely as a fixed point.
Autores: García-Manglano, Javier;
Revista: DEMOGRAPHY
ISSN 0070-3370  Vol. 52  Nº 6  2015  págs. 1961 - 1993
Most literature on female employment focuses on the intersection between women¿s labor supply and family events such as marriage, divorce, or childbearing. Even when using longitudinal data and methods, most studies estimate average net effects over time and assume homogeneity among women. Less is known about diversity in women¿s cumulative work patterns over the long run. Using group-based trajectory analysis, I model the employment trajectories of early Baby Boom women in the United States from ages 20 to 54. I find that women in this cohort can be classified in four ideal-type groups: those who were consistently detached from the labor force (21 %), those who gradually increased their market attachment (27 %), those who worked intensely in young adulthood but dropped out of the workforce after midlife (13 %), and those who were steadily employed across midlife (40 %). I then explore a variety of traits associated with membership in each of these groups. I find that (1) the timing of family events (marriage, fertility) helps to distinguish between groups with weak or strong attachment to the labor force in early adulthood; (2) external constraints (workplace discrimination, husband¿s opposition to wife¿s work, ill health) explain membership in groups that experienced work trajectory reversals; and (3) individual preferences influence labor supply across women¿s life course. This analysis reveals a high degree of complexity in women¿s lifetime working patterns, highlighting the need to understand women¿s labor supply as a fluid process.
Autores: Kahn, J.; García-Manglano, Javier; Bianchi, S.;
Revista: JOURNAL OF MARRIAGE AND FAMILY
ISSN 0022-2445  Vol. 76  Nº 1  2014  págs. 56 - 72
The authors build on prior research on the motherhood wage penalty to examine whether the career penalties faced by mothers change over the life course. They broaden the focus beyond wages to also consider labor force participation and occupational status and use data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Women to model the changing impact of motherhood as women age from their 20s to their 50s (n¿=¿4,730). They found that motherhood is ¿costly¿ to women's careers, but the effects on all 3 labor force outcomes attenuate at older ages. Children reduce women's labor force participation, but this effect is strongest when women are younger and is eliminated by the 40s and 50s. Mothers also seem able to regain ground in terms of occupational status. The wage penalty for having children varies by parity, persisting across the life course only for women who have 3 or more children.
Autores: Kahn, J. R.; Goldscheider, F.; García-Manglano, Javier;
Revista: DEMOGRAPHY
ISSN 0070-3370  Vol. 50  Nº 4  2013  págs. 1449 - 1475
Research on coresidence between parents and their adult children in the United States has challenged the myth that elders are the primary beneficiaries, instead showing that intergenerationally extended households generally benefit the younger generation more than their parents. Nevertheless, the economic fortunes of those at the older and younger ends of the adult life course have shifted in the second half of the twentieth century, with increasing financial well-being among older adults and greater financial strain among younger adults. This article uses U.S. census and American Community Survey (ACS) data to examine the extent to which changes in generational financial well-being over the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries have been reflected in the likelihood of coresidence and financial dependency in parent-adult child U.S. households between 1960 and 2010. We find that younger adults have become more financially dependent on their parents and that while older adults have become more financially independent of their adult children, they nevertheless coreside with their needy adult children. We also find that the effect of economic considerations in decisions about coresidence became increasingly salient for younger adults, but decreasingly so for older adults.

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