Nuestros investigadores

Ana Pardo Saganta

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: Calvo, I. A.; Sáez, Borja; et al.
Revista: CURRENT STEM CELL REPORTS
ISSN 2198-7866  Vol. 5  Nº 1  2019  págs. 1 - 10
Purpose of Review Stem cells reside in specialized anatomical locations called niches where supportive stromal cells and the extracellular matrix (ECM) regulate their self-renewal and differentiation. This review explores the critical roles of the ECM in stem cell maintenance in tissue homeostasis, aging, and disease. Recent Findings It is well established that ECM proteins and their biomechanical properties control stem cell fate. In addition to specific molecular interactions, the ECM composition determines the topology and stiffness of the substrate, which also regulate stem cell behavior. Changes in the ECM during aging and disease can impair cell-ECM interactions and ultimately contribute to aging and disease pathogenesis. Summary A deeper understanding of the mechanisms by which the ECM regulates stem cell behavior in health, as well as during aging and in disease states, will facilitate the development of therapeutic strategies. These therapies should focus on recovering normal matrix synthesis and deposition aiming at promoting endogenous repair.
Autores: Knipe, R. S.; Spinney, J. J.; Franklin, A.; et al.
Revista: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RESPIRATORY AND CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE
ISSN 1073-449X  Vol. 197  2018 
Autores: Álvarez, Laura; et al.
Revista: GASTROENTEROLOGY
ISSN 0016-5085  Vol. 144  Nº 4  2013  págs. 818 - 828
Background& Aims: ¿1-Antichymotrypsin (¿1-ACT), a member of the serpin family (SERPINA3), is an acute-phase protein secreted by hepatocytes in response to cytokines such as oncostatin M. ¿1-ACT is a protease inhibitor thought to limit tissue damage produced by excessive inflammation-associated proteolysis. However, ¿1-ACT also is detected in the nuclei of cells, where its activities are unknown. Expression of ¿1-ACT is down-regulated in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and cells; we examined its roles in liver regeneration and HCC proliferation. Methods: We measured levels of ¿1-ACT messenger RNA in human HCC samples and healthy liver tissue. We reduced levels of ¿1-ACT using targeted RNA interference in human HCC (HepG2) and mouse hepatocyte (AML12) cell lines, and overexpressed ¿1-ACT from lentiviral vectors in Huh7 (HCC) cells and adeno-associated viral vectors in livers of mice. We assessed proliferation, differentiation, and chromatin compaction in cultured cells, and liver regeneration and tumor formation in mice. Results: Reducing levels of ¿1-ACT promoted proliferation of HCC cells in vitro. Oncostatin M up-regulated ¿1-ACT expression and nuclear translocation, which inhibited HCC cell proliferation and activated differentiation of mouse hepatocytes. We identified amino acids required for ¿1-ACT nuclear localization, and found that ¿1-ACT inhibits cell-cycle progression and anchorage-independent proliferation of HCC cells. HCC cells that overexpressed ¿1-ACT formed smaller tumors in mice than HCC cells that did not express the protein. ¿1-ACT was observed to self-associate and polymerize in the nuclei of cells; nuclear ¿1-ACT strongly bound chromatin to promote a condensed state that could prevent cell proliferation. Conclusions: ¿1-ACT localizes to the nuclei of hepatic cells to control chromatin condensation and proliferation. Overexpression of ¿1-ACT slows the growth of HCC xenograft tumors in nude mice.