Nuestros investigadores

Juan Manuel Alcalde Navarrete

Clínica Universidad de Navarra. Clínica Universidad de Navarra

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: Apinaniz, E. A.; Zafon, C. ; Rey, I. R.; et al.
ISSN 1355-008X  Vol. 70  Nº 3  2020  págs. 538 - 543
Purpose The adequate extent of surgery for 1-4 cm low-risk papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is unclear. Our objective was to analyze the applicability of the 2015 ATA Guidelines recommendation 35B (R35) for the management low-risk PTC. Methods This multicentre study included patients with low-risk PTC who had undergone total thyroidectomy (TT). Retrospectively we selected those who met the R35 criteria for the performance of a thyroid lobectomy (TL). The aim was to identify the proportion of low-risk PTC patients treated using TT who would have required reintervention had they had a TL in accordance with R35. Results We identified 497 patients (400 female; 80.5%). Median tumor size (mm): 21.2 (11-40). A tumor size >= 2 cm was found in 252 (50.7%). Most of them, 320 (64.4%), were in Stage I (AJCC 7th Edition). Following R35, 286 (57.5%) would have needed TT. Thus, they would have required a second surgery had they undergone TL. The indications for reintervention would have included lymph node involvement (35%), extrathyroidal extension (22.9%), aggressive subtype (8%), or vascular invasion (22.5%). No presurgical clinical data predict TT. Conclusions The appropriate management of low-risk PTC is unclear. Adherence to ATA R35 could lead to a huge increase in reinterventions when a TL is performed, though the need for them would be questionable. In our sample, more than half of patients (57.5%) who may undergo a TL for a seemingly low-risk PTC would have required a second operation to satisfy international guidelines, until better preoperative diagnostic tools become available.
Autores: Garaycochea Mendoza del Solar, Octavio (Autor de correspondencia); Alcalde Navarrete, Juan Manuel; del Rio, B.; et al.
ISSN 0892-1997  Vol. 33  Nº 5  2019  págs. 812.e15 - 812.e18
Objectives. Muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) is generally diagnosed through clinical history and physical examination. Several diagnostic or classification systems exist, such as those of Van Lawrence, Morrison-Rammage, and Koufman, that delineate MTD and distinguish subtypes on the basis of laryngoscopic features. The aim of this study is to determine which of the clinical features included in these classifications are most related to the aerodynamic profile of MTD. Study design. This is an analytic retrospective study. Material and methods. This study evaluates a series of 30 consecutive patients, all over 18 years old, who attended the voice clinic consult of our department and were diagnosed with MTD. All subjects underwent fiberoptic nasal endoscopy, acoustic voice assessment, and aerodynamic voice assessment. The study only includes patients with a pathological aerodynamic profile. Presence or absence of each laryngoscopic feature in the full range of features in the Van Lawrence, Morrison-Rammage, and Koufman classification systems was evaluated independently by three experts. Cohen's kappa coefficient was calculated to indicate the degree of concordance between the experts. The chi-squared test was used to determine the degree of association between clinical features and mean value of the subglottic pressure peak (mmH(2)O). Results. Clinical parameters that were found to have a statistically significant association (P<0.05) with an alteration in mean subglottic pressure peak were those related to anteroposterior and lateral compression of the larynx in Van Lawrence, Morrison-Rammage, and Koufman classification systems. Conclusions. While several studies have sought to clarify the laryngoscopic features of MTD, the current study is the first to evaluate these features in subjects who have been objectively diagnosed by means of aerodynamic voice assessment. The laryngoscopic features most strongly related to an aerodynamic profile of MTD were anteroposterior compression of the larynx, lateral compression of the larynx, and vestibular fold contribution to phonation.
Autores: Baptista Jardín, Peter Michael; Garaycochea Mendoza del Solar, Octavio; Prieto Matos, Carlos; et al.
ISSN 1809-9777  Vol. 23  Nº 4  2019  págs. E422 - E426
Introduction Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a highly prevalent pathology in our society. Due to the prevalence of this condition and to the persisting symptoms despite an appropriate medical treatment, surgical techniques are often required. Lately, minimal invasive techniques have been described, such as lacrimal diversion devices (LDDs). This technique offers a fast and convenient choice for delivery of sinus irrigation and topical medication. Objective We aimed to describe our experience with LDDs and evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the procedure in patients with moderate to severe CRS without nasal polyposis (CRSsNP) and persistent symptomatology despite medical therapy. Methods A total of 7 patients underwent bilateral lacrimal stents placement in the operating room. A retrospective observational study was conducted. The Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-20 (SNOT-20) survey was performed and the score obtained was compared before and 1month after the procedure. Results The LDDs were used for an average of 80 days. During the follow-up, only three patients had a mild complication with the device (granuloma in the punctum, obstruction, and early extrusion). The mean baseline SNOT-20 score dropped significantly ( p =0.015) from 25.85 to 11.57 (mean: - 14.29) 1month after the procedure. Conclusion According to our experience and results, the use of LDD is a novel, feasible, and less invasive technique to treat refractory CRS. It reduces the risk of mucosal stripping, provides short-term outcomes, and the surgical procedure does not require advanced training in endoscopic sinus surgery. Moreover, it can be performed in-office under local anesthesia or sedation.
Autores: Garaycochea Mendoza del Solar, Octavio; Alcalde Navarrete, Juan Manuel; Del Río, Beatriz; et al.
ISSN 0892-1997  Vol. 17  2018  págs. S0892 - 1997
Autores: Baptista Jardín, Peter Michael (Autor de correspondencia); Garaycochea Mendoza del Solar, Octavio; Álvarez Gómez, Laura; et al.
ISSN 0001-6519  Vol. 69  Nº 1  2018  págs. 42 - 47
The objective of this communication is to describe our preliminary results in upper airway stimulation surgery via hypoglossal nerve stimulation implantation for obstructive sleep apnoea. We describe 4 cases and the outcomes of the surgery were analysed using the Epworth scale, apnoea-hypopnoea index, minimal 02 Sat, average 02 Sat and snoring intensity. In all cases a significant reduction in Epworth scale values and apnoea-hypopnoea index were obtained (P<.05). The minimum and average oxygen saturation had better values after the surgery, however, there was no statistically significant difference. The snoring severity measured subjectively changed from "intense" to "absent", in all cases. The preliminary results obtained with the upper airway stimulation surgery via hypoglossal nerve stimulation showed objective and subjective improvement after the implant activation. (C) 2017 Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. and Sociedad Espanola de Otorrinolaringologia y Cirugia de Cabeza y Cuello. All rights reserved.
Autores: Martínez Fernández, María Isabel; Alcalde Navarrete, Juan Manuel; Cambeiro Vázquez, Felix Mauricio; et al.
ISSN 0167-8140  Vol. 122  Nº 2  2017  págs. 255 - 259
Surgical resection and PHDRB is a successful treatment strategy in selected patients with previously irradiated head and neck cancer. Long-term locoregional control can be achieved in a substantial number of cases despite a high rate of inadequate surgical resections although at the expense of substantial toxicity.
Autores: de Torres Tajes, Juan Pablo; Sánchez Salcedo, Pablo Antonio; Bastarrika Alemán, Gorka; et al.
ISSN 0903-1936  Vol. 49  Nº 1  2017  págs. 1601521
Autores: Garriz Luis, Maite; Irimia Sieira, Pablo; Alcalde Navarrete, Juan Manuel; et al.
ISSN 0174-304X  Vol. 48  Nº 1  2016  págs. 53-56
There are only four previous pediatric reports of the glossopharyngeal neuralgic form of the stylohyoid complex syndrome. Stylohyoid complex has merely been described as cases of glossopharyngeal neuralgia in children. Case Report¿A 12-year-old boy came to our hospital because of recurrent episodes of severe cranial pain (9/10) lasting for 5 to 15 minutes. Pain affected the right tonsillar fossa, ear, and mastoid region. Since the start at the age of 9 years, the frequency of painful episodes has progressively increased: when admitted to our clinics 3 years later, the child was having up to five episodes daily in spite of analgesic, antiepileptic, and antidepressant drugs; he had abandoned school and leisure. Between episodes, neurological examination detected only discomfort to pressure on the right tonsillar fossa. Three-dimensional computed tomography images of the skull base showed an elongated right styloid process and bilateral calcification of the stylohyoid ligament. After surgical excision of the right styloid process and of part of the stylohyoid ligament, the glossopharyngeal painful episodes ceased. The patient remains asymptomatic seven years later. Conclusion¿In spite of its rarity in childhood, this debilitating but treatable syndrome should be kept in mind for the differential diagnosis of recurrent cranial pain in the pediatric population.
Autores: Martínez Monge, Rafael; Valtueña Peydro, Germán; Santisteban Eslava, Marta; et al.
ISSN 1538-4721  Vol. 14  Nº 4  2015  págs. 565 - 570
To determine whether the time to loading (TTL) affects locoregional control. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Locoregional control status was determined in 301 patients enrolled in several perioperative high-dose-rate brachytherapy (PHDRB) prospective studies conducted at the University of Navarre. The impact of the time elapsed from catheter implantation to the first PHDRB treatment (TTL) was analyzed. Patients treated with PHDRB alone (n = 113), mainly because of prior irradiation, received 32 Gy in eight twice-a-day treatments or 40 Gy in 10 twice-a-day treatments for negative or close/positive margins, respectively. Patients treated with PHDRB + external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) (n = 188) received 16 Gy in four twice-a-day treatments or 24 Gy in six twice-a-day treatments for negative or close/positive margins followed by 45 Gy of EBRT in 25 treatments. RESULTS: After a median followup of 6.5 years (range, 2-13.6+), 113 patients have failed (37.5%), 65 in the PHDRB-alone group (57.5%) and 48 in the combined PHDRB + EBRT group (25.5%). Patients who started PHDRB before Postoperative Day 5 had a 10-year locoregional control rate of 66.7% and patients who started PHDRB on Postoperative Day 5 or longer had a 10-year locoregional control rate of 51.8% (p = 0.009). Subgroup analysis detected that this difference was only observed in the recurrent cases treated with PHDRB alone (Subset 2; n = 99; p = 0.004). No correlation could be detected between locoregional control rate and TTL in the other patient subsets although a trend toward a decreased locoregional control rate after a longer TTL was observed when they were grouped together (p = 0.089). CONCLUSIONS: Patients should start PHDRB as soon as possible to maximize locoregional control especially in those recurrent cases treated with PHDRB alone. The time effect in other disease scenarios is less clear.
Autores: Cambeiro Vázquez, Felix Mauricio (Autor de correspondencia); Calvo Manuel, Felipe; Aristu Mendioroz, José Javier; et al.
ISSN 0167-8140  Vol. 116  Nº 2  2015  págs. 316 - 322
Purpose To evaluate the influence of equivalent dose (EQD2) in clinical outcomes of patients with isolated locally recurrent tumors (ILRT), treated with salvage surgery and intra-operative electron beam radiation therapy (IOERT). Methods and materials We retrospectively reviewed 128 patients with non-metastatic ILRT of different tissues (soft tissue sarcomas, head and neck, uterine, and colorectal). Patients had received salvage surgery (R0/R1/R2) and IOERT. Previously not irradiated patients had received additional external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). Results IOERT was delivered at a median dose of 15 Gy (range, 5-25 Gy). Seventy-five patients (60.9%) received additional EBRT of 46 Gy. Median EQD2 of salvage program was 62 Gy and median EQD2 of exclusive IORT was 31.2 Gy. Median follow-up was 19.2 months (range: 1.3-220). Thirty-one patients (24.2%) developed severe (grade 3-5) complications. New locoregional recurrence was documented in 86 (67.2%) of the 123 cases. Five-year rates were 31% for locoregional control, 57% for distant metastasis-free and 31% for overall survival. On multivariate analysis, R0-1 vs. R2 resection (HR 2.2, 95 CI: 1.2-4.1) was statistically significant for locoregional recurrence and EQD2 ¿62 Gy for survival (HR 2.2, 95 CI: 1.1-4.1). Conclusions Surgical radicality (gross macroscopic resection) and radiation dose (EQD2 ¿62 Gy in radiation salvage program) are the dominant prognostic factors beside ILRT histology. Modest rates of long-term disease control are expected when both factors are fulfilled.
Autores: Martínez Monge, Rafael; Cambeiro Vázquez, Felix Mauricio; Ramos García, Luis Isaac; et al.
ISSN 1538-4721  Vol. 13  Nº 6  2014  págs. 591 - 596
PURPOSE: To determine whether perioperative high-dose-rate brachytherapy (PHDRB) implants with larger high-dose regions produce increased locoregional control. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients (n=166) enrolled in several PHDRB prospective studies conducted at the University of Navarre were analyzed. The PHDRB was given to total doses of 16Gy/4 b.i.d. or 24Gy/6 b.i.d. treatments for negative or close/positive margins along with 45Gy/25 Rx of external beam radiation therapy. The histogram-based generalized equivalent uniform dose (EUD) formulism was used to quantify and standardize the dose-volume histogram into 2-Gy equivalents. The region of interest analyzed included: tissue volume encompassed by the prescription isodose of 4Gy (TV100). Routine dose reporting parameters such as physical dose and single-point 2-Gy equivalent dose were used for reference. RESULTS: After a median followup of 7.4 years (range, 3-12+), 50 patients have failed, and 116 remain controlled at last followup. Overall, EUD was not different in the patients who failed compared with controls (89.1Gy vs. 86.5Gy; p=not significant). When patients were stratified by risk using the University of Navarre Predictive Model, very high-risk patients (i.e., tumors ¿3cm resected with close <1mm/positive margins) had an improved locoregional control with higher EUD values (p=0.028). This effect was not observed in low-, intermediate-, and high-risk University of Navarre Predictive Model categories. CONCLUSIONS: In very high-risk patients, enlarged high-dose regions can produce a dose-response effect. Routine dose reporting methods such as physical dose and single-point 2-Gy equivalent dose may not show this effect, but it can be revealed by histogram-based EUD assessment.
Autores: Martínez Monge, Rafael (Autor de correspondencia); Cambeiro Vázquez, Felix Mauricio; Rodríguez Ruiz, María Esperanza; et al.
ISSN 1538-4721  Vol. 13  Nº 4  2014  págs. 400 - 404
PURPOSE: To develop a simple clinical model predictive of locoregional failure after complete surgical resection followed by perioperative high-dose-rate brachytherapy (PHDRB) and external beam irradiation (EBRT). PATIENT AND METHODS: Patients (n=166) enrolled in several PHDRB prospective studies conducted at the University of Navarre were analyzed. PHDRB was given to total doses of 16 Gy/4 b.i.d. or 24 Gy/6 b.i.d. treatments for negative or close/positive margins along with 45Gy of EBRT. RESULTS: After a median followup of 7.4 years (range, 3-12+), 50 patients have failed and 116 remain controlled at last followup. Tumor size, with a cutoff point set at 3cm (p=0.041) and margin status (positive and <1mm vs. negative ¿1mm, p=0.0001) were independent predictors of locoregional control. These two parameters were used to develop a four-tiered, hierarchical scoring system that stratified patients into low-risk (negative ¿1mm margins and size ¿3cm), intermediate-risk (negative ¿1mm margins, and size >3cm), high-risk (positive and <1mm margins and size ¿3cm), and very high-risk categories (positive and <1mm margins and size >3cm). This classification yields 5-year locoregional control rates of 92.3%, 78.0%, 65.5%, and 48.0% for low-, intermediate-, high-, and very high-risk categories, respectively. The predictive ability of the model is highly significant (p=0.0001) with an area under the curve of 0.72 (0.64-0.81). CONCLUSIONS: The risk of locoregional failure after combined surgical resection, PHDRB, and EBRT is mainly determined by the number of residual clonogens, which is inversely proportional to the status of the surgical margins and directly related to the size of the resected tumor. These two parameters generate a four-tiered predictive model that seems to be valid for a number of different common tumors and clinical settings.
Autores: Fernández González, Secundino; Alcalde Navarrete, Juan Manuel; Baptista Jardín, Peter Michael; et al.
ISSN 0194-5998  Vol. 151  Nº 1 Suppl  2014  págs. P185-186
Autores: Gaztañaga Boronat, Miren; Pagola Divassón, María; Cambeiro Vázquez, Felix Mauricio; et al.
ISSN 1043-3074  Vol. 34  Nº 8  2012  págs. 1081-1088
Background This study aimed to test the safety of using perioperative high-dose-rate brachytherapy (PHDRB) in resected head and neck cancer. Methods From 2000 to 2008, 97 patients received PHDRB after complete macroscopic resection. Group 1 (previously irradiated patients) received 32 to 40 Gray (Gy) of PHDRB in 8 to 10 twice-daily (bid) treatments (R0R1 resections). Group 2 (unirradiated patients) received 16 to 24 Gy of PHDRB in 4 to 6 bid treatments (R0R1 resections) followed by external beam irradiation (EBRT) of 45 Gy/25 daily fractions +/- concomitant chemotherapy. Results The median follow-up was 4.3 years. The cumulative hazard of 2-year grade = 3 complications in group 1 was 45.9%, and the rate of grade = 3 complications in group 2 was 24.6%. Actuarial locoregional control at 2 and 5 years for group 1 was 60.9% and for group 2, 84.1% and 79.4%. Conclusions Complications and locoregional failure rates were similar to those reported in the reference standards despite a much smaller treatment volume. (c) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2012
Autores: Martínez Monge, Rafael; Cambeiro Vázquez, Felix Mauricio; Moreno Jiménez, Marta; et al.
ISSN 0360-3016  Vol. 79  Nº 4  2011  págs. 1158 - 1163
Purpose To determine patient, tumor, and treatment factors predictive of local control (LC) in a series of patients treated with either perioperative high-dose-rate brachytherapy (PHDRB) alone (Group 1) or with PHDRB combined with external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) (Group 2). Patient and Methods Patients (n = 312) enrolled in several PHDRB prospective Phase I¿II studies conducted at the Clínica Universidad de Navarra were analyzed. Treatment with PHDRB alone, mainly because of prior irradiation, was used in 126 patients to total doses of 32 Gy/8 b.i.d. or 40 Gy/10 b.i.d. treatments after R0 or R1 resections. Treatment with PHDRB plus EBRT was used in 186 patients to total doses of 16 Gy/4 b.i.d. or 24 Gy/6 b.i.d. treatments after R0 or R1 resections along with 45 Gy of EBRT with or without concomitant chemotherapy. Results No dose-margin interaction was observed in Group 1 patients. In Group 2 patients there was a significant interaction between margin status and 2-Gy equivalent (Eq2Gy) dose (p = 0.002): (1) patients with negative margins had 9-year LC of 95.7% at Eq2Gy = 62.9Gy; (2) patients with close margins of >1 mm had 9-year LC of 92.4% at Eq2Gy = 72.2Gy, and (3) patients with positive/close <1-mm margins had 9-year LC of 68.0% at Eq2Gy = 72.2Gy. Conclusions Two-gray equivalent doses ¿70 Gy may compensate the effect of close margins ¿1 mm but do not counterbalance the detrimental effect of unfavorable (positive/close <1 mm) resection margins. No dose¿margin interaction is observed in patients treated at lower Eq2Gy doses ¿50 Gy with PHDRB alone.
Autores: Domínguez Prado, Inés; Rodríguez Fraile, María Macarena; Alcalde Navarrete, Juan Manuel; et al.
ISSN 0212-6982  Vol. 30  Nº 5  2011  págs. 325-326
Autores: Baptista Jardín, Peter Michael; Alcalde Navarrete, Juan Manuel
Libro:  Introducción a la cirugía robótica en cabeza y cuello
2016  págs. 100 - 115