Our researchers

Álvaro Lleo De Nalda

Organización Industrial
Escuela de Ingeniería (TECNUN). Universidad de Navarra
Research lines
Mejora continua, Propósito organizativo, Sostenibilidad, Mentoring universitario
5, (Scopus, 25/11/2020)
4, (WoS, 23/04/2020)
7, (Google Scholar, 25/11/2020)

Most recent scientific publications (since 2010)

Authors: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro (Autor de correspondencia); Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Jurburg, D. ; et al.
ISSN 1756-669X  Vol. 12  Nº 3  2020  pp. 229 - 245
Purpose This paper aims to identify key middle manager trustworthy behaviours that encourage employees' participation in continuous improvement activities in industrial contexts. Design/methodology/approach The list of behaviours has been developed in two different phases. First, the authors conducted two concept mappings with operators and middle managers and, subsequently, the authors combined and integrated both points of view. Second, the authors developed an expert panel with researchers, consultants and experienced practitioners of industrial management for debugging and reducing the results, presenting the final list of behaviours. Findings This work presents 55 different middle manager trustworthy behaviours divided into four different categories: human qualities; training and development; technical and managerial competencies; and team building. Research limitations/implications This paper contributes to existing literature about sustainable continuous improvement systems highlighting the role of middle managers and proposes a set of specific middle manager trustworthy behaviours for increasing supervisors' influence on operator participation. Originality/value After extracting the knowledge of different stakeholders, the list of behaviours identified can serve as a useful tool for recruiting, training, evaluating and developing a supervisors' managerial style that enhances operator participation in continuous improvement activities.
Authors: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe; Santos García, Javier; Garcia Sabater, Julio; et al.
ISSN 1741-0401  Vol. 3  2019  pp. 608 - 625
Authors: Jurburg, D.; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Tanco Rainusso, Martín; et al.
ISSN 1754-2731  Vol. 31  Nº 3  2019  pp. 359 - 376
Purpose Companies use continuous improvement (CI) as a strategy to achieve business excellence and innovation. Yet CI initiatives fail mostly due to a lack of employee engagement. The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach Based on the CI literature and the technology acceptance model (TAM), a comprehensive model called continuous improvement acceptance mode (CIAM) was developed to understand the main organisational antecedents that predict employee intention to participate in CI. The CIAM is based on structural equation modelling using partial least squares and it was validated in a large manufacturing plant in Europe. Findings Emulating the findings of the TAM, this study shows that employee intention to participate can be predicted by two variables called ease of participating and usefulness of participating. The CIAM then relates these constructs with relevant CI enablers found in the CI literature. Practical implications The CIAM could help academics and practitioners to better understand employee participation in CI activities, allowing CI systems to be better designed and achieve long-term sustainability. Originality/value The CIAM presents new variables and interactions that help to understand employee participation in CI activities. Some of these variables and interactions have received scant attention in the CI literature and thus they are worth investigating in greater depth in the future.
Authors: Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Jaca García, María del Carmen; Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; et al.
ISSN 2301-1092  Vol. 16  2018  pp. 99-107
La Economía Circular se ha convertido en un tema de gran interés para los legisladores, académicos y empresarios, ya que se muestra como un nuevo paradigma para lograr la sostenibilidad de nuestra sociedad. Sin embargo, los principales esfuerzos en la Economía Circular no pueden reducirse a actos de profesionales o de expertos. Consideramos que, si pretendemos satisfacer las necesidades actuales sin comprometer la capacidad de las generaciones futuras para satisfacer sus propias necesidades, tenemos que enseñar a las generaciones actuales los principios para lograr la sostenibilidad económica, social y ambiental a corto, medio y largo plazo. Este artículo destaca el uso de actividades participativas en lugar de cursos tradicionales para enseñar e involucrar a estudiantes de ingeniería con las prácticas de economía circular.
Authors: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro (Autor de correspondencia); Agholor, D.; Serrano Barcena, Nicolás; et al.
ISSN 0304-3797  2018  pp. 1 - 19
This article describes an action research (AR) project for designing and implementing a structured mentoring programme in a Spanish university. A student affairs unit, a team of researchers, faculty-mentors and student-protégés worked together on three cycles of AR. The result is a programmatic mentoring programme for the development of non-technical personal and professional competencies for undergraduate students. This paper describes the original situation that sparked the project, the iterative process followed, the tools and guides developed and the final programme designed. In addition to the increase in the level of satisfaction perceived by the entire university, the paper outlines the five critical factors that emerged from the AR project: the competency development process, programme value added, trust between mentors and protégés, the prominence of the student-protégé in the improvement plans and the continuous improvement culture generated.
Authors: Agholor, D.; Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Serrano Barcena, Nicolás
ISSN 0103-6513  Vol. 27  2017 
Authors: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Jurburg, Daniel; et al.
ISSN 1478-3363  Vol. 28  Nº 9-10  2017  pp. 974 - 988
Implementing continuous improvement (CI) systems is one of the most effective ways to increase operational excellence. One pillar that determines the success of a CI strategy is a climate of commitment and participation among workers. Recent work has focused on identifying organisational factors that directly influence worker participation. However, when analysing these elements, the importance that middle managers have when creating a work environment that enhances employee involvement stands out. The aim of this paper is to identify specific middle manager trustworthy behaviours that impact the level of commitment and participation in a group of line workers in a specific CI environment. To accomplish this, we present a list of specific behaviours based on a concept mapping conducted among a representative group of industrial supervisors and operators in the north of Spain. These identified behaviours define managerial practices that could directly enhance the level of worker commitment and participation.
Authors: Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Jurburg, D.; Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; et al.
Journal: DYNA
ISSN 0012-7361  Vol. 91  Nº 3  2016  pp. 250
Authors: Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Jurburg, D.; Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; et al.
Journal: DYNA
ISSN 0012-7361  Vol. 91  Nº 3  2016  pp. 250
Authors: Jurburg, D.; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Tanco Rainusso, Martín; et al.
ISSN 2013-8423  Vol. 9  Nº 5  2016  pp. 1059 - 1077
Purpose: Achieving employee participation in continuous improvement (CI) systems is considered as one of the success factors for the sustainability of those systems. Yet, it is also very difficult to obtain because of the interaction of many critical factors that affect employee participation. Therefore, finding ways of measuring all these critical factors can help practitioners manage the employee participation process accordingly. Design/methodology/approach: Based upon the existing literature, this paper presents a 4-Phase (9 steps) diagnostic tool to measure the main determinants associated with the implementation of CI systems affecting employee participation in improvement activities. Findings: The tool showed its usefulness to detect the main weaknesses and improvement opportunities for improving employee participation in CI through the application in two different cases. Practical implications: This diagnostic tool could be particularly interesting for companies adopting CI and other excellence frameworks, which usually include a pillar related to people development inside the organization, but do not include tools to diagnose the state of this pillar. Originality/value: This diagnostic tool presents a user's perspective approach, ensuring that the weaknesses and improvement opportunities detected during the diagnose come directly from the users of the CI system, which in this case are the employees themselves. Given that the final objective is to identify reasons and problems hindering employee participation, adopting this user's perspective approach seem more relevant than adopting other more traditional approaches, based on gathering information from the CI system itself or from the CI managers.
Authors: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Guillen, M.; Pechuan, I.G.;
ISSN 0962-8770  Vol. 25  Nº 4  2016  pp. 556 - 576
Numerous researchers have examined the antecedents of trust between managers and subordinates. Recent studies conclude that their influence varies depending on whether what is being examined is a manager's trust in a subordinate or a subordinate's trust in a manager. However, the reasons given to justify this phenomenon present limitations. This article offers a new theoretical approach that relates the influence of each antecedent to Aristotelian forms of reasoning, ethical, and instrumental. The proposed approach shows that the influence of each antecedent depends on which rationality prevails in the person who trusts. The contribution of this article is to better explain the phenomenon of interpersonal trust formation and its logic, while offering at the same time several practical implications for managers interested in developing an organizational culture based on trust. The article begins with a literature review of more relevant empirical studies analyzing superior-subordinate trust formation and presents some theoretical limitations of the arguments described in these works. Then, it offers a new theorerical approach based on Aristotelian thought to explain the influence of the antecedents of trust in management-subordinate relationships. The theoretical contribution is then confirmed in an empirical study of 163 mid-level managers in Spain.
Authors: Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Jurburg, D.; Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; et al.
Journal: DYNA
ISSN 0012-7361  Vol. 3  2015  pp. 1 - 16
Authors: Guillén, M.; Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Marco, G.;
ISSN 1131-6837  Vol. 11  2011  pp. 33-47
Authors: Guillén, M.; Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Marco, G.;
ISSN 0262-1711  Vol. 30  Nº 6  2011  pp. 605 - 614
Purpose: the aim of this paper is to propose a wider and more humanistic understanding of thephenomenon of trust and "trust building" through a dialogue between ethics and social sciences. Design/methodology/approach: This paper offers a constructive critical review of theexplanation of trust proposed by Mayeret al.in their 1995 seminal article, and expands this byconsidering the ethical dimension and the role of virtues. Findings: The integrative model of organizational trust by Mayeret al.lacks a specific reference tothe role played by human will and the ability to make free choices. When assessing the trust built in arelationship, an explicit consideration of human will should be included in the related model, andspecifically, reference to moral virtues and practical wisdom as elements involved in thistrust-building process. Practical implications: It improves the understanding of the dynamics of trust in humanrelationships, which is key, as numerous studies in management carried out over the past decadesshow. Having an increasingly clear and complete understanding of trust is fundamental to understand,analyze, develop and manage interpersonal relationships within organizations. Originality/value: This article proposes a holistic conception of organizational trust, which allowsfor a more complete vision of the renowned model of Mayeret al.It does this by specificallyconsidering the
Authors: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Rey Peña, Carlos; Chinchilla Albiol, Nuria
Book title:  Purpose-Driven Organizations: Ideas for a better world
2019  pp. 119 - 130
How are leaders to assess whether or not the purpose of the business is truly common and deeply shared? To be able to answer such questions, it is crucial we have a perspective that allows for the gathering of our employees¿ thoughts and feelings, a system that assesses the organization¿s health and its areas for improvement upon which to base our actions. This work develops the Purpose Strength Model, which establishes the basis for the development of measuring tools. The model integrates the different frameworks introduced in the previous chapters into four sequential areas: organizational purpose antecedents, purpose accelerators, shared purpose development, and purpose outcomes (individual and organizational). Theoretical implications and further research lines are discussed.
Authors: Lomas Echeveste, Lucia; Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; et al.
Book title:  Engineering Digital Transformation
2019  pp. 49-57
Authors: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Perez Sahagun, Ignacio; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; et al.
Book title:  25 Experiencias de innovación educativa. Hacia un mundo por competencias
2017  pp. 11-22
En este trabajo se expone el programa de mentoring univeristario basado en el desarrollo de competencias Tu&Co que se ha desarrollado en Tecnun, la Escuela de Ingenieros de la Universidad de Navarra. Tu&Co tiene como objetivo facilitar que los mentores/profesores puedan ir más allá del asesoramiento académico, pudiendo desarrollar personalmente y profesionalmente a los alumnos de Tecnun. Analizando el contenido de 56 entrevistas realizadas a alumnos y profesores que han participado en el programa, se identifican los elementos clave para el buen funcionamiento de este programa de mentoring univeristario. El caso presentado en este trabajo pretende ser una ayuda para poder mejorar la formación de los estudiantes universitarios hacia una concepción más completa que desarrolle, además de la académica, las facetas personal y profesional.
Authors: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Gil, I.;
Book title:  Ética y responsabilidad ante la crisis.
2010  pp. 457 - 469
Authors: Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro
This book presents the proceedings of the XXII International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, International IIE Conference 2016, and International AIM Conference 2016. This joint conference is a result of an agreement between ADINGOR (Asociación para el Desarrollo de la Ingeniería de Organización), ABEPRO (Associação Brasileira de Engenharia de Produção), AIM (European Academy for Industrial Management) and the IIE (Institute of Industrial Engineers), and took place at TECNUN-School of Engineering (San Sebastián, Spain) from July 13th to 15th, 2016. The book includes the latest research advances and cutting-edge analyses of real case studies in Industrial Engineering and Operations Management from diverse international contexts, while also identifying concrete business applications for the latest findings and innovations in operations management and the decisions sciences.

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Acreditado por la ANECA a Contratado Doctor (Octubre de 2018)