Nuestros investigadores

Ruth Breeze 

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: IBERICA
ISSN 1139-7241  Vol. 34  2017  págs. 67 - 88
Metaphorical language plays an important role in spreading and popularising scientific information. However, little is known about the process through which sober scientific research is transformed into colourful or even sensational news. This paper examines the main metaphor scenarios used to explain nutritional discoveries, generally related to the overarching metaphors of 'combat' and 'maintenance', and explores how they are developed and distributed across institutional press releases, online news reports, and magazines/blogs. Most of the metaphor scenarios seem to arise first in the press release, but these are considerably extended and embellished by the other media. Only occasionally are new metaphor scenarios engaged, which reflect societal discourses concerning science and nutrition.
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: LANGUAGE AND LAW
ISSN 2194-7414  Vol. 6  2017  págs. 1 - 17
Corpus use has revolutionised the teaching of languages for specific purposes. In this article, I review some of the ways in which corpus studies can enhance our understanding of the regularities in legal language, looking particularly at formulaic language in four different areas of legal language: academic law articles, case law (judgments and opinions), documents (contracts, merger agreements, etc.) and legislation. After a brief overview of lexical issues in legal language, I look in greater detail at 4- to 8-word bundles in legal texts. After some consideration of legal modality and recurring syntactic structures, I show how these aspects come together with the phenomenon of bundles and formulaicity. I then provide some examples of how the kind of information provided here by specialised corpora can be exploited for teaching purposes
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace; Dafouz, E.;
Revista: SYSTEM
ISSN 0346-251X  Vol. 70  2017  págs. 81 - 91
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: JOURNAL OF IMMERSION AND CONTENT-BASED LANGUAGE EDUCATION
ISSN 2212-8433  Vol. 4  Nº 2  2016  págs. 282 - 284
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: ESE. ESTUDIOS SOBRE EDUCACION
ISSN 1578-7001  Vol. 31  2016  págs. 184 - 186
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: ESE. ESTUDIOS SOBRE EDUCACION
ISSN 1578-7001  Vol. 31  2016  págs. 187-190
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace; García Laborda, J.;
Revista: ESE. ESTUDIOS SOBRE EDUCACION
ISSN 1578-7001  Vol. 31  2016  págs. 9 - 12
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: LANGUAGE AWARENESS
ISSN 0965-8416  Vol. 25  Nº 4  2016  págs. 318 - 335
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: TEXT AND TALK
ISSN 1860-7330  Vol. 36  Nº 4  2016  págs. 363 - 389
Although arbitration is increasingly being used to settle important disputes, particularly on an international level, little attention has focused on the language used by arbitrators. This article contains a qualitative analysis of the discursive moves and resources used in separate (dissenting and concurring) opinions published on the website of the International Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes from 1987 to 2013. Arbitrators' discursive practices in this forum are analyzed, with a particular focus on the tensions that arise between the need to sustain the arbitral system and maintain professional relations, on the one hand, and the equally pressing need to display commitment to the losing party's cause, on the other. These tensions have parallels in other areas of legal practice and professional life, and can be understood as part of the way power systems operate and replicate through discourse
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES
ISSN 0889-4906  Vol. 42  2016  págs. 50 - 65
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: PRAGMATICS
ISSN 1018-2101  Vol. 26  Nº 1  2016  págs. 1 - 19
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: DISCOURSE, CONTEXT & MEDIA
ISSN 2211-6958  Vol. 10  2015  págs. 36 - 44
Although second person pronouns are relatively unusual in formal written genres, they are frequent in the editorials of some newspapers. This has been associated with ongoing trends towards a more informal style of public discourse, and with the construction of more equal relationships between writers and readers, which may be either ideologically or economically motivated. This analysis of all the instances of "you" in Guardian editorials for 2011 brings to light several different ways in which the writer employs the second person. Although the primary motivation appears to be epideictic, in that the writer seeks to forge strong bonds with the readership and thereby strengthen the sense of communion and shared values, some other uses are identified, including dramatisation and irony. This leads on to consideration of the type of reader constructed by these uses of "you", and the relationships projected between writer/newspaper, reader, and other entities
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: ESP TODAY
ISSN 2334-9050  Vol. 3  Nº 1  2015  págs. 44 - 63
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: IBERICA
ISSN 1139-7241  Nº 27  2014  págs. 233 - 235
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: DISCOURSE AND COMMUNICATION
ISSN 1750-4813  Vol. 8  Nº 3  2014  págs. 241 - 259
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: RESEARCH NOTES
ISSN 1756-509X  Vol. 57  2014  págs. 3 - 13
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: DISCOURSE AND COMMUNICATION
ISSN 1750-4813  Vol. 8  Nº 3  2014  págs. 241 - 259
The world financial crisis of 2008 reached a head in the Eurozone in 2012, when major problems became apparent affecting several countries in Southern Europe. During this time, the British press focused particularly on Spain, watching the potentially volatile political situation with interest, and documenting the negotiations between Spanish and European leaders. This article considers how this situation was reported in two British newspapers, The Guardian and The Independent, applying corpus linguistics techniques to identify salient aspects of the crisis and to detect patterns in language use that had an ideological dimension. The 2012 crisis emerges mainly as a political issue, and the reporting focuses on solutions rather than causes or effects. However, even though these two publications are not noted for Euroscepticism, they both show a strong tendency to group South European countries together within a negative frame, collectivizing them and establishing a dichotomy with Northern Europe
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: LFE. REVISTA DE LENGUAS PARA FINES ESPECIFICOS
ISSN 1133-1127  Vol. 19  2013  págs. 452 - 458
Autores: Sajgalíková, H.; Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: LANGUAGE LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION
ISSN 2191-611X  Vol. 2  Nº 2  2013  págs. 339 - 351
This article deals with university language teaching in the perspective of its shift from linguistic competence towards communicative competence, and presents some aspects of the underlying process. It analyses the findings from a survey conducted within the Leonardo project "Transparency in the Acquired Language Competences" (TALC; SK/05/B/F/LA-177427). This survey was organised using a genre-based approach to identify language needs in real professional contexts. Its results point to the need to focus on integrated skills in course design. Ideally, learning should model the processes linked to the genres typically used by in-group members of an academic/professional field, which generally involve coordinated use of two or more skills. This integrated skills model of professional language use provides a sound basis for language programme design. The article presents examples of language programmes of various different lengths
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CORPUS LINGUISTICS
ISSN 1384-6655  Vol. 18  Nº 2  2013  págs. 229 - 253
Legal language is often said to be formulaic, but little research is available on the nature of frequently occurring sequences of words in different legal genres. This article investigates the lexical bundles found in four legal corpora: academic law, case law, legislation, and documents. Major differences are brought to light between the type of bundles that are found, and the roles they have in the text. Academic legal writing uses relatively little formulaic language. Case law uses noun phrase bundles relating to agents, documents and actions, as well as many extended prepositional phrases. Legislation and documents contain many noun phrase bundles, and verb phrase bundles with a deontic or referential function. The function of these different types of bundle as parts of a schematic frame or as slot-fillers is discussed
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: LANGUAGE VALUE
ISSN 1989-7103  Vol. 4  Nº 1  2012  págs. 84 - 96
ICS Aunque las combinaciones verbo-partícula suelen ser relativamente poco comunes en inglés formal, se producen con cierta frecuencia en textos relacionados con la economía, y específicamente en el análisis periodístico y académico centrado en los mercados financieros. La primera parte de este trabajo consiste en un estudio de corpus de las combinaciones verbo-partícula encontradas en dos corpus de 200.000 palabras de inglés para los negocios, uno que contiene informes de mercado del Financial Times, y el otro, trabajos académicos de investigación de economía extraídos de una serie de revistas con sistema de evaluación por pares. Las partículas UP, DOWN, OFF, OUT, BACK y AHEAD resultan ser especialmente frecuentes, en combinación con una amplia gama de verbos, principalmente de movimiento. La última sección del documento ofrece algunos modelos para crear ejercicios con finalidades didácticas, que empiezan a partir de un análisis de las metáforas asociadas con cada partícula y avanzan hacia la comprensión de ejemplos reales de los informes de mercado publicados en el Financial Times
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: DISCOURSE AND SOCIETY
ISSN 0957-9265  Vol. 23  Nº 1  2012  págs. 3 - 18
ICS
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR THE SEMIOTICS OF LAW
ISSN 0952-8059  Vol. 25  Nº 3  2012  págs. 393 - 413
ICS
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: IBERICA
ISSN 1139-7241  Vol. 21  2011  págs. 93 - 115
The last 20 years have seen increasing interest in the way in which meaning is made in different professional and academic disciplines. Central to this issue is the notion of disciplinary values, that is, qualities which define what is prized or stigmatised by different professional communities. In the present paper, the notion of disciplinary values is used to examine the way legal writers communicate meaning in different genres. To this end, six adjective/adverb sets which have a prominent place in legal discourse ("clear/ly", "important/ly", "reasonable/ly", "appropriate/ly", "correct/ly" and "proper/ly") are identified. Their collocates and semantic preferences are studied in four 500,000-word corpora consisting of texts from the area of commercial law: academic journal articles, case law, legislation, and legal documents. Although the frequency and use of "clear/ly" and "important/ly" appear not to differ greatly from those found in other corpora of written and academic written texts such as the British National Corpus (BNC) and the British Academic Written English corpus (BAWE), "reasonable/ly", "appropriate/ly", "correct/ly" and "proper/ly" were found to be salient in some or all of the subcorpora. The reasons for this are then analysed within the framework of disciplinary values. These words appear to convey attributes that have particular importance in the legal profession, reflecting disciplinary values that cross the boundaries between various written genres
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: PRAGMATICS
ISSN 1018-2101  Vol. 21  Nº 4  2011  págs. 493 - 525
This article briefly reviews the rise of Critical Discourse Analysis and teases out a detailed analysis of the various critiques that have been levelled at CDA and its practitioners over the last twenty years, both by scholars working within the "critical" paradigm and by other critics. A range of criticisms are discussed which target the underlying premises, the analytical methodology and the disputed areas of reader response and the integration of contextual factors. Controversial issues such as the predominantly negative focus of much CDA scholarship, and the status of CDA as an emergent "intellectual orthodoxy", are also reviewed. The conclusions offer a summary of the principal criticisms that emerge from this overview, and suggest some ways in which these problems could be attenuated
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Revista: CULTURA, LENGUAJE Y REPRESENTACION
ISSN 1697-7750  Vol. 9  2011  págs. 9 - 30
ICS
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace; Šajgalíková, H.;
Revista: PROFESSIONAL AND ACADEMIC ENGLISH
ISSN 1754-6850  Nº 38  2011  págs. 28 - 30
ICS
Autores: Arrosagaray Auzqui, M.; Breeze, Ruth Grace; Sobrino, Ángel María;
Libro:  Teaching English reflectively with technology
2017  págs. 51 - 63
Despite the importance teachers and learners attach to having an acceptable pronunciation for successful communication, its teaching and learning may still present a complex challenge. In practice, this might result in its neglect by the teacher in the classroom. For the student, this means a missed opportunity and, perhaps, a sense of frustration. This article reflects on the possible contributions ICT (information and communication technologies) can make to improve pronunciation when students return to language learning as adults. The results of our research show that students improve their pronunciation and strengthen their own commitment to continue learning
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Essential Competencies for English-medium University Teaching
2017  págs. 37 - 49
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Evidentiality revisited
2016  págs. 295 - 311
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Publizistik und gesellschaftliche Verantwortung: Festschrift für Wolfgang Donsbach
2015  págs. 215 - 226
Sixty years ago, Harwood and Cartier (1953a) suggested that the progress in certain areas of knowledge tended ¿to underscore the need for a general theory of communication¿. In view of the vast range of different proposals from different disciplines, they concluded that whatever else, they had to avoid emulating the character invented by Stephen Leacock, who ¿mounted his horse and rode off furiously in all directions.¿ Communications theorists have charged around enthusiastically ever since then, leading us to the situation described by Donsbach (2006), who emphasizes that, despite the extraordinary way in which communication has flourished in academia, it still lacks an identity of its own as a field of research, or perhaps has even actually lost the one it originally had. Although a considerable volume of empirical evidence exists concerning the communication process, this area of research can increasingly be seen to be suffering from a kind of erosion on the one hand, and a flawed epistemology on the other
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  English as a Scientific and Research Language
2015  págs. 37 - 58
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Insights into Medical Communication
2015  págs. 311 - 330
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Languages for specific purposes in the digital era
2014  págs. 111 - 128
Explores the direct relation of modern CALL (Computer-Assisted Language Learning) to aspects of natural language processing for theoretical and practical applications, and worldwide demand for formal language education and training that focuses on restricted or specialized professional domains. Unique in its broad-based, state-of-the-art, coverage of current knowledge and research in the interrelated fields of computer-based learning and teaching and processing of specialized linguistic domains. The articles in this book offer insights on or analyses of the current state and future directions of many recent key concepts regarding the application of computers to natural languages, such as: authenticity, personalization, normalization, evaluation. Other articles present fundamental research on major techniques, strategies and methodologies that are currently the focus of international language research projects, both of a theoretical and an applied nature
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Interpersonality in Legal Genres
2014  págs. 281 - 302
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Language Use in the Public Sphere: Methodological Perspectives and Empirical Applications
2014  págs. 271 - 307
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Evaluation in context
2014  págs. 303 - 320
In a world dominated by the Internet, it is becoming increasingly important to develop analytical tools that can take in multiple dimensions of media texts. This chapter presents a multimodal analysis of a corpus of online news­paper texts about controversies surrounding the wearing of religious items by Muslims, Sikhs and Christians, which received considerable media coverage in Britain in early 2010. Although the text itself generally provides a balanced account of the issues, a comparison of the results across modes shows that the groups are evaluated differently in visual images, headlines and direct quotations. This study represents a step on the road to devising an integrative model for multimodal analysis
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Language and Law in Professional Discourse: Issues and Perspectives
2014  págs. 93 - 108
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Integration of theory and practice in CLIL
2014  págs. 143 - 159
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Léxico y argumentación en el discurso público actual
2013  págs. 13 - 27
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Narratives in Academic and Professional Genres
2013  págs. 343 - 362
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Verbal and visual rhetoric in a media world
2013  págs. 193 - 207
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Communication and social life: Studies in Honor of Professor Esteban López-Escobar
2012  págs. 29 - 52
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  IELTS collected papers 2: research in reading and listening assessment
2012  págs. 487 - 518
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Discourse and Practice in International Commercial Arbitration : Issues, Challenges and Prospects
2012  págs. 113 - 127
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  New Perspectives on (Im)Politeness and Interpersonal Communication
2012  págs. 220 - 237
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Technological Innovation in the Teaching and Processing of LSPs: Proceedings of TISLID'10
2011  págs. 397- 404
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Exploring Corpus-Based Research in English Language Teaching
2010  págs. 77 - 86
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  English for Professional and Academic Purposes
2010  págs. 181 - 196
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
Libro:  Constructing Interpersonality: multiple perspectives and applications to written academic discourse
2010  págs. 163 - 180
Autores: Orts Llopis, M. A., (Editor); Breeze, Ruth Grace, (Editor); Gotti, M., (Editor)
2017 
This volume focuses on the study of linguistic manipulation, persuasion and power in the written texts of professional communication, to go further into the understanding of how they are constructed, interpreted, used and exploited in the achievement of specific goals. Such texts are here contemplated from the stance of genre theory, which starts from the premise that specialised communities have a high level of rhetorical sophistication, the keys to which are offered solely to their members. In particular, the book investigates the communicative devices that serve the need of such professions to exert power and manipulation, and to use persuasion. The perspective adopted in this work does not envisage power simply as a distant, alienated and alienating supremacy from above, but as an everyday, socialized and embodied phenomenon. To attain its goal, the volume brings forth studies on the language of several professions belonging to various specialised fields such as law and arbitration, engineering, economics, advertising, business, politics, medicine, social work, education and the media
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace, (Editor); Olza, Inés, (Editor)
2017 
Despite the apparent novelty and fluidity of the media today, there is strong evidence that patterns are emerging which both reflect and extend the evaluative paradigms previously observed in the print and broadcast media. In this complex scenario, discourse analysis offers a rich and varied methodology for understanding the different types of evaluation conveyed through media texts and the way these project, reflect and develop their relationships with their audience. The chapters in this volume draw on a variety of analytical tools, including appraisal analysis, argumentation theory, multimodal approaches and corpus linguistics, to address the issue of evaluation in media discourse. The theoretical underpinning for these chapters ranges from corpus-informed discourse studies, through critical discourse analysis and semio-communicative approaches, to Bakhtinian perspectives. Although the chapters are all in English, the scope of the volume is broadly European, covering aspects of the British, Spanish, Dutch and German media in their traditional and online manifestations, as well as contrastive studies
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace, (Coeditor); Sancho Guinda, C., (Coeditor)
2016 
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace, (Editor); Mercer, N., (Prologuista)
2016 
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
2015 
Corporate discourse examines business communication practices from a discourse perspective, looking in detail at the ways in which corporations around the world communicate with individuals, with other collective entities and with the world at large. It is concerned with understanding how language works in business contexts and how corporate identity and personal and professional relationships are configured through discourse. Using a range of analytical techniques to examine different forms of textual evidence from companies operating in many sectors, this book maps out current developments in corporate discourse against the complex background of globalization
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace, (Editor); Gotti, M., (Editor); Sancho Guinda, C., (Editor)
2014 
Few concepts in Discourse Studies are so versatile and intricate and have been so frequently contested as interpersonality. This construct offers ample terrain for new research, since it can be viewed using a range of diverse theoretical frameworks, employing a variety of analytical tools and social perspectives. Studies on the relationship between writer/reader and speaker/audience in the legal field are still scarce, dispersed, and limited to a narrow range of genres and a restricted notion of interpersonality, since they are most often confined to modality and the Gricean cooperative principles. This volume is meant to help bridge this gap. Its chapters show the realisation and distribution of interpersonal features in specific legal genres. The aim is to achieve an expansion of the concept of interpersonality, which besides modality, Grice¿s maxims and other traditionally interpersonal features, might comprise or relate to ideational and textual issues like narrative disclosure, typography, rhetorical variation, or Plain English, among others
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace, (Editor); Llamas Saíz, Carmen, (Editor); Martínez, Concepción, (Editor); et al.
2014 
Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) has now become a feature of education in Europe from primary school to university level. CLIL programmes are intended to integrate language and content learning in a process of mutual enrichment. Yet there is little consensus as to how this is to be achieved, or how the outcomes of such programmes should be measured. It is evident that a further type of integration is required: that of bringing the practice of CLIL into closer contact with the theory. In this, it is necessary to establish the role played by other fundamental aspects of the learning process, including learner and teacher perspectives, learning strategies, task design and general pedagogical approaches. The first part of this book provides a variety of theoretical approaches to the question of what integration means in CLIL, addressing key skills and competences that are taught and learned in CLIL classrooms, and exploring the role of content and language teachers in achieving an integrated syllabus. The second part takes specific cases and experimental studies conducted at different educational levels and analyses them in the light of theoretical considerations
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
2013 
Corporate discourse examines business communication practices from a discourse perspective, looking in detail at the ways in which corporations around the world communicate with individuals, with other collective entities and with the world at large. It is concerned with understanding how language works in business contexts and how corporate identity and personal and professional relationships are configured through discourse. Using a range of analytical techniques to examine different forms of textual evidence from companies operating in many sectors, this book maps out current developments in corporate discourse against the complex background of globalization
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace, (Editor); Jiménez Berrio, F, (Editor); Llamas Saíz, Carmen, (Editor); et al.
2012 
Autores: Breeze, Ruth Grace;
2012 
All over Europe, universities are moving over to English as the language of instruction. This development has been accelerated by global forces, and its pedagogical consequences have yet to be fully explored. This book examines this situation from the point of view of students and teachers, focusing particularly on the acquisition of English language writing skills in European university contexts. It takes an academic approach, and is firmly grounded in the bibliography on teaching academic writing to second language users in English-speaking countries, as well as in the bibliography on teaching English in Europe in higher education. In addition to providing sound pedagogical guidelines, it also brings together the most recent critiques of current practice and an overview of the innovative approaches devised in the last ten years. This is a book for all those who are involved in the changing European university scenario: English teachers and writing instructors, lecturers faced with the challenge of teaching their courses in English, university administrators and decision-makers

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