On May 12, Law 14 of June 1, 2011, on Science, Technology and Innovation was adopted. This replaced the 1986 Law on Scientific and Technological Research and established a general framework for the promotion and coordination of scientific and technical research in order to contribute to sustainable development and social welfare through the generation and dissemination of knowledge and innovation.
The text is made up of four titles and a preliminary title:
Preliminary title: This sets out the purpose and objectives of the law and defines the Spanish System of Science, Technology and Innovation, which is made up of the systems of the central government and each regional government, and includes agents of coordination, funding and implementation.
Title I: This section outlines the central government's general coordination remit, as well as the crucial role played by the regional governments, in the implementation of research policy. The coordination is based on the newly created Spanish Science and Technology Strategy and Spanish Innovation Strategy that constitute the multi-annual time frame for achieving the objectives shared by all local and regional authorities: the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation Policy, which is made up of representatives from the highest level of the central and regional governments; the Advisory Council for Science, Technology and Innovation, which advises the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation Policy and represents the economic and social stakeholders; and finally, the Spanish Research Ethics Committees, which is the advisory body responsible for ensuring research ethics.
Title II: This focuses on the human resources dedicated to research. It seeks to create a framework for the professional development of research personnel. Key new features include the regulation of mobility between public and private sector bodies, the creation of specific employment contracts for researchers, and the implementation of performance appraisals for the purposes of pursuing careers in the central government's public research organizations.
Title III: This part deals with the promotion of scientific and technical research, innovation, the exploitation and transfer of knowledge, and scientific and technological culture. Firstly, it regulates the instruments and measures for promoting research by establishing an open list of measures to be adopted by funding agents, and provides for the possibility of concluding partnership agreements. Secondly, in terms of the exploitation and transfer of knowledge, it establishes the measures applicable to the legal transactions through which this transfer is carried out, and states that these shall be governed by private law. The last chapter is devoted to the internationalization of the system and development cooperation, and highlights the importance of these aspects in research activity.
Title IV: This section regulates all matters relating to the promotion and coordination of research activities within the central government. Like the model governing the Spanish System of Science, Technology and Innovation, and in order to ensure coherence, it envisages a coordinating body, the Government Executive Committee for Science, Technology and Innovation Policy, and proposes two multi-annual planning instruments: the State Plan for Scientific and Technical Research and the State Plan for Innovation. Secondly, it provides for the existence of two central government funding agencies: the newly created State Agency for Research and the Center for Industrial Technological Development, which is aimed at promoting innovation. Lastly, it defines, lists and specifies the main functions of the central government's public research organizations.
Spanish Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation 2013-2020
The Spanish Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation is the framework instrument that establishes the general objectives to be achieved during the 2013-2020 period relating to the promotion and development of R&D&I activities in Spain. These objectives are aligned with those of the European Union in the new framework program Horizon 2020 for the 2014-2020 period to fund R&D&I activities in order to encourage the active participation of the Spanish System of Science, Technology and Innovation in Europe.
State Plan for Scientific and Technical Research and Innovation 2013-2016
Law 14 of June 1, 2011, on Science, Technology and Innovation, establishes the plans for Scientific and Technical Research and Innovation as essential for the central government's development of the Spanish Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy.
The design and creation of the State Plan for Scientific and Technical Research and Innovation 2013-2016 has involved different central government units, social agents, public research centers and universities, technology centers and interface organizations, business associations, existing technology platforms, and experts from the academic, technical and business community, both national and international. The regional governments were also involved in defining the mechanisms established for development and coordination.
Science Law [PDF]
Work program 2013 [PDF ]
Work program 2011 [PDF]
General Subsidies Law [PDF]
General Subsidies Law [PDF]
Royal Decree 462/2002 on the reimbursement of expenses incurred during the performance of duties [PDF]